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UNDERSTANDING PHYSICS
PHYSICS

CONSEPT OF
PHYSICS

SCIENTIFIC
METHOD

IMPORTANCE
OF PHYSICS

FIELDS OF
PHYSICS

CAREERS

Contributions by
Famous Physicists

Galileo Galilei (1564 1642)


Galileo proposed that
a falling body would
fall with a uniform
acceleration, as long
as the resistance of
the medium through
which it was falling
remained negligible, or
in the limiting case of
its falling through a
vacuum

Sir Isaac Newton (16431727)


Newtons Laws of motion
A body continues to maintain
its state of rest or of uniform
motion unless acted upon by an
external unbalanced force.
Net force on a particle is
proportional to the time rate of
change of its linear momentum.
To every action there is an
equal and opposite reaction.

Albert Einstein (1879-1955)


Discovered the special
and general theories of
relativity, proved light's
quantized nature by
means of the photoelectric
effect, and offered
important support to
atomic theory with his
study of Brownian motion.
space and time are not as straightforward as they first
appear, but are related to each other in a simple but

WHAT IS PHYSICS ?
Physics
(Greek: physis meaning "nature")
= the natural science which examines
basic concepts such as energy, force,
and spacetime and all that derives from
these, such as mass, charge, matter and
its motion.

WHAT IS PHYSICS ?
Branch of science which studies physical
and natural phenomena around us.
Knowledge of physics can help us
understand natural phenomena such as
formation of rainbows, the solar eclipse, the
causes of sunset and sun rise, the reason for
the blue colour of the sky, etc.

WHAT IS PHYSICS?

Chemical energy Force Motion

WHAT IS PHYSICS ?
Fizik adalah
sains asas
tentang fenomena
semulajadi yang
menembusi semua
aspek sains,
kejuruteraan dan
teknologi

Fields of Study in Physics

measurment

Study of the measuring instrument

weight =
250 N

Force and Motion

Study of the action of force and movement

Heat

Study of hot substances

Fields of Study in Physics

waves

Study of sound, information


transfer and telecommunication

optics

Study of light

Nuclear physics

Study of reactions in the nucleus


of an atom

Fields of Study in Physics

Electricity and

Study the applications of


Electricity and magnetism

electromagnetism
electronics

Study of electronic chips


And computer system

Propeties of matter

Study the strength of a


substance

CONCEPT OF PHYSICS
Principle and teory of physics explain;
- how the phenomena accurs and why it accurs in
that way.
- understanding their applications.

A concept of physics is produced through


the scientific method of investigation.
The formation of a concept of physics
involves the following steps and stages.

CONCEPT OF PHYSICS
1. Observation
- Use the senses to feel the daily phenomenon.

2. Experiment
- Perform an experiment to study the required characteristic of the
phenomenon.

3. Theory
-Suggest the cause of the phenomenon studied through the experiment.

4. Further investigation
- Sugest measurements for the theory and modify it if necessary.

5. Application
- Invention of technology based on the theories of physics.

Study of Physics - Scientific method

Observation
Identify a question
Make inference
Formulate hypothesis
Plan and carry out experiment
Measurement and data collecting
Analyse data
Make conclusion
Hypothesis is proved/fails
If hyptotesis fails and is unacceptable, suggest
a new hypothesis
If the theory is test several times and the same result
is obtained, the theory then becomes a prinsiple of science.

IMPORTANCE OF PHYSICS
Important in other sciences including astronomy, biology,
chemistry and geology.
Close connection to practical developments in engineering,
medicine and technology.
Fast expanding, leading to advances in technology which
have in turn brought many benefits to mankind.
Creation of sophisticated medical instruments such as
magnetic resonance imaging, X-ray etc.
Improve the quality of life; modern home appliances,
automobile, computer etc.

Careers in Physics
Career and job opportunities which are directly or indirectly
related to physics
Field of physics
Engineering

Career

Mechanical, electrical,
computer, process and
environmental engineering

Research

Scientist, professor,
astronaut, specialised
doctor, biophysician

Education

Lecturer, teacher,
education officer

Careers in Physics
Industry

Geophysician, quality
control engineer

Medicine

Radiologist, forensic expert,


technician, science officer,
medical physician

UNDERSTANDING PHYSICS
PHYSICS

CONSEPT OF
PHYSICS

SCIENTIFIC
METHOD

IMPORTANCE
OF PHYSICS

FIELDS OF
PHYSICS

CAREERS