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SAFETY COORDINATOR EMERGENCY

PREPAREDNESS TRAINING

PreparationPREPARATION
for campus participation
in DRILL
FOR EVACUATION
Californias state-wide
Great JULY
Shake
WEDNESDAY,
24,Out
2013
and Review of Emergency Evacuation
and Shelter in Place Procedures

OVERVIEW
Objective
Earthquake Specific Information
Earthquake Preparedness
Review of Emergency Evacuation and Shelter in
Place Procedures
Post-drill Evaluation Criteria
Questions & Answers

OBJECTIVE
In conjunction with Californias state-wide Great Shake Out on October 16, 2014,
San Diego State University will exercise Drop, Cover, and Hold On, review
earthquake safety information, and test communication systems.

Colleges, departments, and campus auxiliary organizations


are encouraged to take
time on October 16th as determined
appropriate by managers or faculty to
practice and/or discuss earthquake safety.
Date: October 16, 2014

at 10:16 AM

Includes all campus buildings

THE GREAT CALIFORNIA SHAKE OUT

No event will trigger the Drop, Cover, and Hold On


exercise.
No building evacuations will take place.
Colleges, departments, and campus auxiliary
organizations are encouraged to use the time as
determined appropriate by managers or faculty to practice
and/or discuss earthquake safety.
The goal is to practice Drop, Cover, and Hold On so
people will immediately protect themselves during
earthquakes.

THE GREAT CALIFORNIA SHAKE OUT


Tests of Emergency Communication
Resources
At approximately 10:16 a.m., the campus will test SDSU Alert
(text messaging) to remind the campus community of the
communication tools that may be used in an actual emergency.
The SDSU Home page at www.sdsu.edu; the Emergency
Operations Information Line at 1-866-794-8832; Facebook at
http://www.facebook.com/SanDiegoState; and Twitter at
http://twitter.com/@SDSU_NewsTeam/ will also be updated with
information related to the earthquake exercise.

THE GREAT CALIFORNIA SHAKE OUT


Specific Information for location
In a classroom
Drop, Cover, and Hold On
Individuals drop to the floor and take cover under a desk to
protect heads and necks and hold on to it firmly
If there is no desk available, drop to the floor against an
interior wall
Hold for 2 minutes

THE GREAT CALIFORNIA SHAKE OUT


In a lecture hall or theater
Individuals stay in their seats and protect their heads and
necks with their arms
Hold for 2 minutes

THE GREAT CALIFORNIA SHAKE OUT


In a lab or training room
Drop, Cover, and Hold On
Individuals take cover to protect heads and
necks
Instructors in science labs and workshops
should be familiar with and assist students with
extinguishing any flames and isolating any
hazardous materials in use

THE GREAT CALIFORNIA SHAKE OUT


In the library
Drop, Cover, and Hold On
Individuals take cover under a desk or table to protect their
heads and necks with their arms
If no desks or tables available, drop to the floor against an
interior wall
Hold for 2 minutes

THE GREAT CALIFORNIA SHAKE OUT


In an office or conference room
Drop, Cover, and Hold On
Individuals take cover under desks or tables to protect their heads and necks
using their arms
Hold for 2 minutes
Suggest that while down on the floor, employees look around at what would be
falling on them in a real earthquake
Secure or move items after the drill to prevent injury and
damage

THE GREAT CALIFORNIA SHAKE OUT


In a residence hall
Drop, Cover, and Hold On
Individuals take cover under desks or tables to protect their heads and
necks using their arms or remain where they are
If in bed, hold on and stay there protecting head with a pillow
Broken glass on the floor has caused injury to those who have rolled
to the floor or tried to get to doorways
Hold for 2 minutes

THE GREAT CALIFORNIA SHAKE OUT


In outdoor areas
Move to a clear area if safe to do so
Avoid power lines, trees, signs, buildings, vehicles
and other hazards

THE GREAT CALIFORNIA SHAKE OUT


Individuals with disabilities or access and functional needs
Try not to move and immediately protect oneself as best possible
right where you are
Use arms to protect head and neck

EARTHQUAKE PREPAREDNESS
Preparing for the exercise
Following the exercise review earthquake safety as a group.
Review The Great California Shake Out information at
www.shakeout.org/.
Print Seven Steps to Earthquake Safety and Drop, Cover, and Hold
On summary sheets at www.shakeout.org/california/resources/ to
review with students and staff (also available in multiple languages at
http://www.shakeout.org/california/otherlanguages/).
Remove or secure items in offices or classrooms that might fall and
injure students, faculty, and staff.

EARTHQUAKE PREPAREDNESS
Develop or review department Emergency Action Plans
and Business Continuity Plans (templates are available at
www.sdsu.edu/prepare).
Check department and individual emergency supplies to
make sure they are accessible and functional.
Register for SDSU Alert at www.sdsu.edu/prepare. This is
one of the many forms of campus communication.
Mark calendars for 10:16 a.m. on 10/16 to Drop, Cover,
and Hold On.

THE SEVEN STEPS TO EARTHQUAKE SAFETY


Information located in http://www.earthquakecountry.info/roots/seven_steps.html

Prepare
Step 1: Secure it now!
Reducing and/or eliminating hazards throughout your home,
neighborhood, workplace and school can greatly reduce your
risk of injury or death following the next earthquake or other
disaster.
Conduct a "hazard hunt" to help identify and fix things such as
unsecured televisions, computers, bookcases, other furniture
items, unstrapped water heaters, etc.
Securing these items now will help to protect you tomorrow.

THE SEVEN STEPS TO EARTHQUAKE SAFETY


Step 2: Make a plan
Planning for an earthquake, terrorist attack, or other
emergency is not much different from planning for a party
or vacation.
Make sure that your emergency plan includes evacuation
and reunion plans; your out-of-state contact person's
name and number; the location of your emergency
supplies and other pertinent information.
By planning now, you will be ready for the next emergency.

THE SEVEN STEPS TO EARTHQUAKE SAFETY


Step 3: Make disaster kits
Everyone should have disaster supplies kits stored in
accessible locations at home, at work and in your vehicle.
Having emergency supplies readily available can reduce
the impact of an earthquake, a terrorist incident or other
emergency on you and your family.
Your disaster supplies kits should include food, water,
flashlights, portable radios, batteries, a first aid kit, cash,
extra medications, a whistle, fire extinguisher, etc.

THE SEVEN STEPS TO EARTHQUAKE SAFETY


Step 4: Is your place safe?
Most houses are not as safe as they could be. Whether you
are a homeowner or a renter, there are
things that you can do to improve the structural integrity of
your home
.
Some of the things that you might consider checking include
inadequate foundations, unbraced cripple walls,
soft first stories, unreinforced masonry and vulnerable pipes.
Consult a contractor or engineer to help you identify your
building's weaknesses and begin to fix them now.

THE SEVEN STEPS TO EARTHQUAKE SAFETY


Protect
Step 5: DROP, COVER, and HOLD ON!
Learn what to do during an earthquake, whether you're at
home, at work, at school or just out and about.
Taking the proper actions, such as "Drop, Cover, and Hold
On", can save lives and reduce your risk of death or injury.
During earthquakes, drop to the floor, take cover under a
sturdy desk or table, and hold on to it firmly.
Be prepared to move with it until the shaking stops.

THE SEVEN STEPS TO EARTHQUAKE SAFETY


Recover
Step 6: Check it out!
One of the first things you should do following a major disaster is to
check for injuries and damages that need immediate attention.
Make sure you are trained in first aid and in damage assessment
techniques. Get assistance as needed.
You should be able to administer first aid and to identify hazards
such as damaged gas, water, sewage and electrical lines. Get
assistance as needed.
Be prepared to report damage to city or county government.

THE SEVEN STEPS TO EARTHQUAKE SAFETY


Step 7: Communicate and recover!
Following a major disaster, communication will be an important
step in your recovery efforts.
Turn on your portable radio for information and safety
advisories.
If your home is damaged, contact your insurance agent right
away to begin your claims process.
For most Presidentially declared disasters, resources will also
be available from federal, state, and local government
agencies.

EMERGENCY EVACUATION

Review of emergency
evacuation and shelter in
place procedures

EMERGENCY EVACUATION DRILL PERSONNEL


University Police
Police Officers @ Command Post
Police Officers or designees @ Assembly Points

Environmental Health & Safety


Safety Coordinators

EMERGENCY EVACUATION PROCEDURES


1. The activation of the fire alarm signals the evacuation.
2. Everyone is required to evacuate the building immediately.
3. Safety Coordinators wear yellow vests and have yellow flags
for easy identification by employees reporting to them.
4. Employees should know the location of:

Telephones
Building exits
Fire safety equipment and devices
Evacuation routes (primary & backup)
Assembly points (primary & backup)

5. Employees should consider other potential evacuation routes


and assembly points before an incident.

EMERGENCY EVACUATION PROCEDURES


6. Assist disabled persons out of the building or into the
nearest stairwell.
7. Have contingency plans for persons with special needs.
8. Consider and address security issues during a drill.
9. Do not use the elevators.
10. Assemble in a pre-specified area of the assembly point.
11. Stay clear of buildings.
12. Do not block fire lanes.
13. Report to the Safety Coordinator.
14. Do not re-enter the building until advised by the Safety
Coordinator or University Police.

SDSU MASS NOTIFICATION SYSTEM


Campus Mass Notification System
Exterior public address system.
Allows for public announcements for people outside of buildings.
Messages generated through University Police.
Pre recorded or specific messages.
Can work in connection with interior PA systems in applicable campus
buildings.

SDSU MASS NOTIFICATION SYSTEM


SDSU has a Mass Notification System that is capable of alerting the campus
community in the event of a campus emergency or health and safety concern.
The Mass Notification System has been installed atop buildings throughout
campus:
Geology Mathematics and Computer Sciences
Education and Business Administration
Love Library (southwest corner)
Love Library (northeast corner)
Gateway
Aztec Athletics Center
Aztec Recreation Center
Arts and Letters
Life Sciences North

SDSU MASS NOTIFICATION SYSTEM


The Mass Notification System is also available within
additional buildings and residence halls:
Zura
Tenochca
Cuicacalli
Maya
Olmeca
Chapultepec
Love Library
Viejas Arena

SDSU MASS NOTIFICATION SYSTEM


When activated by University Police, the system is capable of
alerting the campus community using a combination of tones, sirens
and voice. The Mass Notification System will only be used by SDSU
for emergency notification purposes and periodic testing of the
system.
Caution: Please keep in mind SDSUs Mass Notification System is
one of the many forms of communication which may be utilized in an
emergency. While we believe this system is effective and efficient,
you should not wait for, or rely exclusively on a mass notification
system to contact you for appropriate action in response to an
emergency. Be aware of your surroundings, and take appropriate
action.

SAFETY COORDINATOR EMERGENCY


EVACUATION DUTIES
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Assist with evacuation of personnel from your area as


you evacuate.
Close any propped open doors along corridors as you
evacuate.
Direct evacuees to the designated assembly point.
Direct evacuees to stand clear of buildings while at the
assembly point.
Direct evacuees not to block fire access lanes.

SAFETY COORDINATOR EMERGENCY


EVACUATION DUTIES
6.
7.

Report to Police Officer or designee at assembly point.


Convey the following information:

Clearance/ occupancy status of your area


Location of disabled or injured persons
Unaccounted for personnel

Be familiar with the SDSU Emergency


Preparedness website
www.sdsu.edu/prepare

Assembly Points
http://bfa.sdsu.edu/emergency/pdf/EvacAssemMap.pdf
http://bfa.sdsu.edu/emergency/pdf/assempts.pdf

SHELTER IN PLACE INFORMATION


During certain emergency situations, directions may be given to Shelter in
Place. Depending on the type of emergency situation, directions to shelter in
place may be sent using a variety of communication tools, including: classroom
telephones, campus telephones, personal telephones, campus televisions, loud
speakers, or department Safety Coordinators.
If directed to shelter in place:
1.
Stay inside the building or find a safe place.
2.
If you are in a room with a door, make sure the door is closed.
3.
Due to the varying age of campus buildings, locks may lock
manually, remotely or not at all. If applicable and time permits, lock doors.
4.
If you are in a room with a window, make sure the window is
closed.
5.
Remain where you are until further direction from emergency
personnel or department Safety Coordinators.
For chemical, biological or radioactive material releases, additional directions
will be given.

BASICS BEFORE AN EMERGENCY


Please note that all emergency situations are unique and although general
guidelines apply, specific details and directives will be given based on the
situation.
Become familiar with the Emergency Procedures Poster.
Know your buildings floor plan and become familiar with building exits and
doors.
Be aware of the building Evacuation Assembly Point.
Faculty can share this information with students at the beginning of each
semester.
Know who is the Department Safety Coordinator.
Maintain department phone trees.
Gather individual preparedness supplies.
Cooperate during drills.

BASICS DURING AN EMERGENCY


Try to remain calm.
Alert emergency responders.
When evacuating go to assembly point using a safe
route.
Assist individuals with disabilities.
Walk, do not run.
Use stairs, do not use elevators.
Wait for and follow instructions from University Police or
designee.
When Sheltering in Place stay inside or find a safe place.

BASICS AFTER AN EMERGENCY


Wait for and follow instructions from University Police or a designee.
Updated emergency information and information concerning the status of the
campus will be communicated through a variety of sources, as available.
Plans are in place for essential university functions to continue on a temporary
basis.
Personnel and facilities are designated to carry on operations on a limited basis
if it is safe to do so.
Alternate facilities will be established if necessary.
Normal campus operations will resume as soon as possible following an
emergency.

EARTHQUAKE EXERCISE EVALUATION CRITERIA


Feedback
Was the mass notification or public address system audible?
Was the message clear?
Specify location during drill.
Feedback or questions from students, faculty, and staff related to
earthquake or campus emergency preparedness should be directed
to Department Safety Coordinators, Environmental Health and
Safety, or to the Office of the Vice President, Business and Financial
Affairs X45937.

POST EVACUATION DRILL EVALUATION CRITERIA


Did the fire alarm devices, including sirens, strobes, public address system, and
mass notification system where applicable operate properly?
Was the drill exercise conducted in a safe and orderly manner?
Approximately how much time before group was evacuated?
Did anyone refuse to leave?
Where?
Were there disabled/injured persons and were they assisted appropriately during
evacuation?
Were security or special procedures needed in your area?
How were they implemented?
Were emergency evacuation personnel available at the assembly point?
Did evacuees report to the designated assembly point?
If not, where did they report?
Did occupants leave buildings and keep fire lanes clear?
Recommendations/Comments

INJURY AND ILLNESS PREVENTION


PROGRAM (IIPP) TRAINING
Including:
Basic Hazard Communication, Fire
and Life Safety, and Ergonomics

REGULATORY OVERSIGHT
Broad perspective
For example:
Regulatory oversight increases from office to
laboratory and workshop areas
In general:
Higher risk job tasks=More regulatory oversight

REGULATORY AGENCIES
Federal, State, and Local Agencies
State agencies must have standards at least as
stringent as Federal agencies
For example in California we have Cal/OSHA in addition to
Federal OSHA

IIPP REQUIREMENT OVERVIEW


IIPP is required by the California Code of
Regulations Title 8, Section 3203 of the General
Industry Safety Orders
Written document is required and available on
the EH&S web site
http://bfa.sdsu.edu/ehs/IIPP/iippindex.htm

IIPP REQUIRED COMPONENTS


SUMMARY
All of this information is available on the EH&S web site
Responsibilities
Compliance
Communication
Evaluation of workplace hazards
Injury investigation/corrective actions
Training
Recordkeeping

COMMUNICATION
General safety training, for example:
Fire Safety, California Fire Code
Emergency Preparedness

Job specific training at department level


Departmental meetings

New Employee Orientation


Public Safety email regarding evacuation drills

TRAINING REQUIREMENT
Employee training must be provided and
documented:
Before employees handle hazardous substances, equipment,
or conduct new procedures
When new hazards are identified
When new tasks present a hazard
As needed
When required annually

TRAINING
Safety Coordinators informed of training opportunities
Safety Coordinators are asked to share information
with their department with a focus and emphasis on
department specific topics
Everyone should be aware of emergency procedures

Faculty communicate with students


IIPP training offered for all Faculty and Staff

HAZARD IDENTIFICATION AND


CORRECTION
Scheduled workplace inspections
Workplace surveys using a Safety Survey Checklist
Office, Lab, Shop
Frequency based on hazards
Office areas every 1-2 years
Unscheduled workplace inspections
Whenever new hazards are introduced into the department
As part of injury and illness investigation
EH&S inspects main egress corridors for furniture and equipment
Reports by faculty, staff, and students investigated by EH&S

HAZARD IDENTIFICATION AND


CORRECTION
Corrective actions
Inspections findings are sent to Department Chairs or
designee and EH&S
The department is responsible for corrective action
in a timely manner

Ergonomic evaluations
Supervisors can request an ergonomic evaluation for an
employee
Goal is to adjust workstation before a repetitive motion
injury occurs

INJURY REPORTING
All injuries must be reported to the supervisor immediately
Supervisor must receive specific details about the occurrence
Injured employees will be referred by Workers Compensation Department
to a facility for treatment

Supervisor completes a Supervisors Report of Work Related


Accident/Illness Form and provides employee with an Employees Claim
For Workers Compensation Benefits Form if treatment is required

Both forms must be sent by the supervisor to the Workers


Compensation Manager

Please see:
http://hr.sdsu.edu/pdf/Work%20Comp/WCFlowChart.pdf
http://bfa.sdsu.edu/~person/pdf/Work%20Comp/EmployeeClaimBenefits.pdf
http://bfa.sdsu.edu/~person/pdf/Work%20Comp/SupvReport.pdf

These procedures apply to all campus employees

HAZARD COMMUNICATION
HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE
Includes any substance which presents a physical or
health hazard

HAZARD COMMUNICATION

Labeling
Safety Data Sheets (SDS) and Inventories
Training
All employees have the Right To Know about the
hazardous substances used in their work area or those
they may be potentially exposed to

HAZARD COMMUNICATION
Before working with a hazardous material or process, training
must be provided to include:
Operations involving the hazard
Methods to detect the presence or release of a hazardous
substance
How to protect yourself from exposure
Use of personal protective equipment
Emergency procedures

HAZARD COMMUNICATION
Hazardous substances must be appropriately labeled
If hazardous substances are transferred from the
manufacturer's shipping container, new labels must
identify both the contents and safety precautions
Hazardous waste containers must contain
appropriate labels

HAZARD COMMUNICATION
SAFETY DATA SHEET
A SDS is provided by the manufacturer of a material
and is like an instruction book for the product. A copy
that came with the material should be available on
site. If you dont have the SDS, EH&S can assist.

HAZARD COMMUNICATION
Safety Data Sheet
3E Corporation provides Safety Data Sheets via
FAX on Demand System in the event of an
emergency
Call 1-800-451-8346 or (760) 602-8703 with the
product name, manufacturer's name, and your fax
number
Report emergencies to University Police, dial 911
from a campus telephone

HAZARD COMMUNICATION/ SPILL


PREVENTION
Spills and accidents can be avoided by:
Proper storage
Using secure lids on containers
Good transportation practices
Storing compatible materials together/ segregating
incompatible materials
Slips and falls can be prevented by cleaning up spills

HMD VIOLATIONS AND FINES


County of San Diego Hazardous Materials Division
annual inspection
Focuses on areas where hazardous materials are used and
hazardous waste is generated
Violations noted and fines imposed on campus
Departments pay fines
Training required per enforcement order

EQUIPMENT SAFETY
General Safety Guidelines
Do not leave equipment out, secure equipment when not in use to protect
employees and the equipment
Wind and store cords
Dont stretch cords around corners, across stairs, or across doorways as
this presents a trip and fall hazard for employees
Do not use equipment with damaged cords or plugs
Unplug cords by the plug, not by pulling on the cord
Never use equipment that is malfunctioning
Use equipment according to manufacturers recommendations
All manufacturer installed guards are required to be in place

FIRE AND LIFE SAFETY


Items cannot be stored in main egress corridors or in stairwells, main egress corridors must be
kept clear for easy evacuation
Items cannot be stored so they are blocking doors, exits, fire and life safety equipment such as
fire extinguishers, or electrical panels
Fire rated doors must be kept closed to control the spread of smoke and fire
Door stoppers cannot be used to prop fire doors open and prevent them from closing properly
Consider seismic safety when storing items overhead
Store items in a stable manner
Any items that could potentially fall into an egress path must be secured
Secure shelves and cabinets
Ensure no items can fall into exit path
Extension cords are for temporary use only
Power strips must be plugged directly into electrical outlets
All electrical cords must be in good condition

ERGONOMICS
The study of the relationship between people, the
work they perform, and their physical work
environment
Exposures

which have been associated


with ergonomic injuries
Symptoms of injuries caused by repetitive
motion
The methods used to minimize ergonomic
injuries at SDSU

COMPUTER ERGONOMICS
Basic recommendations
Top 1/3 of monitor screen should be at eye level
Monitor should be 18-24 inches in front of employee
Elbows and knees should be at approximately 90
degree or slightly greater angles
Wrists should be maintained in a neutral position
Keyboard and mouse should be next to each other on
the same level surface
All frequently accessed items should be in the neutral
reach zone and accessible to minimize reaching and
stretching
Taking micro breaks every 30 minutes is recommended

COMPUTER ERGONOMICS
Written Ergonomic Program on EHS website
http://bfa.sdsu.edu/ehs/ergonomics.htm
Computer Workstation Ergonomic Self Evaluation
Survey
http://bfa.sdsu.edu/ehs/pdf/ergocompselfeval.pdf
Goal is to make workstation adjustments before
injury occurs

FIRE EXTINGUISHERS
Fire extinguishers are rated as A, B, C, or
combination
Types
Class A - Wood and Paper
Class B - Grease or Combustible Liquids
Class C - Electrical

Hands on fire extinguisher training offered

FIRE RESPONSE BASIC


PROCEDURES
Fire Response

Rescue
Alarm
Confine
Extinguish

Fire Extinguisher Use

Pull the pin


Aim at the base of the fire
Squeeze the handle gently
Sweep side to side

EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS
Emergency preparedness information is available on
the main SDSU home page
www.sdsu.edu/prepare
Employees should be aware of and prepare for
potential incidents that could occur
Plan and discuss how incidents will be handled prior
to them occurring
Be familiar with campus procedures and know where
to locate the information

Emergency Procedures Poster