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Memory, Intelligence

and states of mind

Memory:
Thementalfacultyofretainingandrecallingpast
experience.
Process involved in
STM: limited
memory:
capacity.
Enconding:
LTM: unlimited.
association with an
Subcategories of
existing memory.
Retrieval: return the
LTM:
information.
Declarative
Storage: holding onto
Memory: memory
information.
for facts,
We have 3 storage
information about
capabilities:
our enviroment.
Sensory memory:
Semantic
receive through the
senses.
Memory:

Forgetting
1. Interference
Proactive interference is when an old memory
makes it more difficult or impossible to remember a
new memory, and retroactive interference occurs
when new information interferes with your ability to
remember previously learned information.

2. Retrieval Failure
According to this theory, a memory trace is created
every time a new theory is formed. Decay theory
suggests that over time, these memory traces begin
to fade and disappear.

3. Failure to store
Sometimes, losing information has less to do
with forgetting and more to do with the fact that
it never made it into long-term memory in the
first place.
4. Motivated Forgetting
The two basic forms of motivated forgetting
are: suppression, a conscious form of forgetting,
and repression, an unconscious form of
forgetting.

INTELLIGENCE
Intelligence is defined asgeneral cognitive problemsolving skills. The German psychologist L. Wilhelm
Stern was the first to cointhe termintelligence
quotient (IQ), a figure derived fromthe ratio of mental
age to chronological age.
Intelligence has been defined in many different ways
such as in terms of one's capacity for logic, abstract
thought,
understanding,
self-awareness,
communication, learning, emotional knowledge,
memory, planning, creativity and problem solving.
It can also be more generally described as the ability
to perceive or retain knowledge and information.

Relaxation
In psychology is the emotional state of a living being, of
low tension, in which there is an absence of arousal
that could come from sources such as anger, anxiety,
or fear.
The idea of relaxation in psychology became popular
when Dr.Edmund Jacobson published his book
Progressive Relaxation.
Relaxation refers to a focusing on the mind and a relaxing
of the body's muscles, including breathing exercises,
deep muscle relaxation, progressive muscle relaxation,
imagery, meditation, and yoga.

Hypnosis
Hypnosis is a very deep state of relaxation where
your mind is more focused and the connection
between your thoughts, emotions, and behaviors are
clearer.

5 elements of hupnosis:
Induction, deepening, therapy, wakening, final
thoughts

While one stream of consciousness responds to the


hypnotists suggestions, another dissociated stream
processes information outside of the hypnotized
individuals conscious awareness

INTRODUCTION
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1eTtzH_4gP8
MEMORY
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LbWZAckCam0
FORGETTING
http://
www.youtube.com/watch?v=e5zH4N3ohR0&list=PLb
08E1Nek-5DmFI2_hGia5AFKIG5VUP3W
INTELLIGENCE
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kBbmerzR2JI