HUKUM OHM & SERIES CIRCUIT

HUKUM OHM

Takrifan : arus yang mengalir dalam suatu litar berkadar terus dengan voltan dan berkadar songsang dengan rintangan beban pada suhu tetap.

FORMULA HUKUM OHM

V=IR
y y y

I = arus yang mengalir melalui rintangan beban (Ampere, A) V = voltage merentasi rintangan beban (volt, V) R = rintangan beban ( Ohm, )

SERIES CIRCUITS

In a series circuit, the electrons in the current have to pass through all the components, which are arranged in a line.

SERIES CIRCUITS

Consider a typical series circuit in which there are three resistors of value R1, R2, and R3. The values may be the same, or different.

CHARACTERISTIC OF SERIES CCT

There are two key points about a series circuit:
The current throughout the circuit is the same y The voltages add up to the battery voltage.
y

VOLTAGE IN SERIES CCT

Therefore:

VT = V1 + V2 + V3

VOLTAGE IN SERIES CCT
From Ohm¶s Law we know: VT = IRT; V1 = IR1; V2 = IR2; V3 = IR3 Þ IRT = IR1 + IR2 + IR3

RESISTANCE IN SERIES CCT

Therefore:

This is true for any number of resistors in series.

CALCULATION
Diberi nilai : Vs = 10 V R1 = 30  R2 = 3k R3 = 3.5k  R4 = 230 R5 = 50

Merujuk kepada rajah di atas. Hitung : 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Jumlah rintangan litar, Rt Arus litar, It Susut voltan pada perintang R1 Voltan pada titik X Lesapan kuasa pada perintang R4

Jumlah rintangan litar, Rt

Rt = R1 + R2 + R3 + R4 + R5 = 30 + 3k + 3.5k + 230 + 50 = 6.81 k 

Arus litar, It

It = Vs Rt = 10 V 6.81 k  = 1.47 mA