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Materi Perkuliahan AKPER T.

A
2011/ 2012
Mata Kuliah: Bahasa Inggris
Semester: Ganjil
Oleh: Namlis Lubis S.Pd

Pertemuan I & 2
The Use of To be, to do, and to have .
1. To be.
Is used before the noun, adjective,
pronoun, adverb.
Examples;
1.I am a nurse, They are Doctors, Ani is a
health worker, It is a cat under the table
2. Rudi is deligent and patient, Dr. Jones is
familiar to his patients, Nurse Mawar is
busy every work days.
3.He is kind to me, She is not alone at home.
We are brothers. They are patients here.

Subjectiv Objective
e
Pronoun
Pronoun

Possessive
Adjective

Possessive
Pronoun

Reflexive
Pronoun

Me

My

Mine

Myself

You

You

Your

Yours

Yourself/ves

We

Us

Our

Ours

Our selves

They

Them

Their

Theirs

Themselves

he

him

his

his

himself

she

her

her

hers

herself

it

it

its

its

itself

4. Today is Sunday. It is now at 2.00 o`clock. He is right


here now. They aren`t at home now.( Adverb of place and
time )

II. To do (do, does, did )


Is used as the helping verbs.( before the
verbs )
Examples;
1.The nurse injects the patients once in
three days, she doesn't inject the patients
every day.
2. I do like speaking English, but I do not
understand it well
3.They took Andy to hospital, but
unfortunately I didn't see him there
Yesterday.

III. To have ( have, has, had )


Has the functions as follows:
1.For a helping verb in the perfect tenses
Examples:
-I have met him twice=Saya sudah bertemu
dia 2X
-She has helped me ( Dia sudah menolong
saya )
-I had visited the oculist last Monday ( Saya
sudah mengunjungi dokter mata Senin lalu.
The nurse had given antibiotic to the
patient yesterday.

2 .As a full verb


Example:
-I have two nice kids
-She has a new motorcycle
-She doesn`t have any hope
-I have breakfast at 6.30
3 . Used in Causative Sentence pattern
Contoh:- I have him clean the window mirrors.

The doctor had the nurse check the patient`s blood


pressure

( saya

menyuruh di membersihkan kaca


jendela )
(Dokter menyuruh perawat memeriksa
tekanan darah pasien)

Normal sentence patterns in English


1.The nurse gives the patient an injection
every

S
P
O1
O2
Adv
morning( Active )
of time
The patient is given an injection by the nurse
every morning.( Passive )
2. The nurse discarded the disposable
equipments
Noun Phrase
after use.
The disposable equipments were discarded by
the nurse after use.

Noun Phrase is the combination of two


or more words which produce a new
meaning. Usually a noun phrase is built
by using adjective and noun.
E.g
doctor

a doctor

a handsome doctor

a kind handsome doctor


a patient kind handsome doctor

Use the suitable to be, to do, or to have to


complate
the following sentences !
1.Measles .( be ) contagious.
2.Even in the ancient times, fever .well
known to people as an important sign of
illness.
3.There wise men among the primitive
people who..tribal doctors.
4.Infectious diseases..easy to diagnose.
5.As a nurse,Mary . the morning shift.
She.(not)do late shift for this two weeks.
6.Shinta..( not ) enter the class yesterday
because
she was ill.

7.Now, doctors in USA are very alarmed,


because AIDSalso spread to chldren
under five.
8. How long ..he stayed in the hospital ?
9. The nurse ..taken Mr.Doli`s
temperature before she sent him home.
10.Mumps..( be ) also a relatively
harmless disease.
11.Now,there .several medicinal plants
that can cure various kinds of diseases.
12.Most feverish ilnesses.due to
common infections.

Penugasan di rumah:
1.Buatlah kalimat bahasa Inggris yang
menggunakan: to be, to do, dan to
have, masing-masing 5 kalimat!
2.Buatlah 20 contoh Noun Phrase !
3. Buatlah 5 contoh kalimat Verbal !
4. Buatlah 5 contoh kalimat Nominal !
5. Buatlah 5 contoh diagram yang
membentuk Noun Phrase !
6. Buat lah 5 kalimat aktif sekali gus
tukar menjadi kalimat passif!

Pertemuan 3 & 4
Topic: Modal Auxiliaries

The modal auxiliaries are considered


special verbs because of the special
meanings attached (menempel )to
them.These verbs have only two formal
tenses; the present and the past tense;
however, the present tense is also used
to express future time.The followings are
some of the modals in English grammar.
Note that each modal auxiliary has its
own meaning.

Modals
Shall, Should, Will, Would, Can,
Could,May, Might, Must, Ought
to,Have to/Has to.
Adakalanya,shall,should,will,would
digunakan dalam future tense.

Modals
and
meanings

Present
tense

Can=abilit Can go
y,
kemampuan

Past Tense

Future
Tense

Could go/
could have
gone

Can go

Might go/
might have
gone

May go

May =
Permission;

May go

Should-

Should go Had to go

Must go

Have/has to- Have/has to Had to go


necessity,ke go
harusan

Must go

Ought to

Ought to

probability; izin

advisability;
keharusan

Ought toobligation-

Ought to have
gone

Cara lain mengungkapkan keharusan yaitu


dengan:
Have to/has to
My father has to leave to Jakarta
tomorrow.
Must
You must be on time arriving at school.
You must be respectful to your teachers.
You must finish your work to day.
Ought to
You ought to be deligent to study.
You ought to help me doing this work
You ought to leave us now.

Shall=akan untuk I dan we


I shall go to Medan tomorrow.
Will=akan Untuk you,they,he,she,it.
They will arrive here at 5 p.m
tomorrow.

Should=menjelaskan keharusan atau nasehat.


Contoh.
1.We should get up at 4 a.m every day in
boarding house.(keharusan),because we have
to do morning gymnastic and do our prayer or
religious ritual.
2.You should study harder if you want to be
cleverer.(nasehat/advice)
3.We should have breakfast at 6.30 a.m, but
some of the students often come late to have
breakfast.
4.We should take a bath and brush our teeth
three times a day.(nasehat)
5.We should be ready in line at 7.15 a.m every
day.
6.As a student you should not smoke.

Can untuk ability(kemampuan)


May utk Prmission(minta izin), juga boleh untuk
kemungkinan.contoh:
-May I go to toilet,sir?(izin)
-I may come sooner to school tomorrow.(mungkin)
I may come back to boarding house on Sunday.
He may not be at home now,he may be stil at
school.(mungkin)
-You may have been hungry now son,I will cook
our meal in a moment.
-You may have been tired now, you can take a rest.
-You may have been sleepy now, you can go to bed.

Perhatikan contoh kalimat-kalimat berikut:


John should have seen the doctor
yesterday.Meskipun kalimat ini
menggunakan kata yesterday, namun
kalimat ini menunjukkan suatu nasehat
kepada John
bahwa seharusnya dia telah ke dokter
kemaren tapi tak dilaksanakan.
Contoh lain pemakaian modal auxiliaries.
1.The epidemic can spread easily from one
city to another
2.the nurse should isolate the patient ia a
treatment center.

3. The surgeon has to prform an operation this


afternoon.
4. They should eliminate snails and flies from this
area.
5.She had to serve meals to the patients yesterday.
6.Did she have to serve meals to patients
yesterday?
7.To whom did she have to serve meals yesterday?
8.Children should have sufficient protein intake
daily.
9.They must come to the clinic with their parents.
10.I will go to the dentist this afternoon.
===============================
==

Exercise:What are the meanings of the modal


auxiliaries in the following sentences?
1.He could play tennis when he was still young.
2.Penicillin can cure the infection.
3.The patients should take the medicine orally.
4.Last year the experts had to conduct reserch
study on AIDS.
5.Children should have enough protein intake
daily.
6.To eliminate bacteria,people must boil their
drinking water.
7.Children under five of age may get medical
service from clinic.
8.They must come to the clinic with their
parents.

9.John will begin his newjob tomorrow.


10.Dr.Indra could come to this hospital
tomorrow.
11.I don`t know what I am going to do
tomorrow.I may go to the beach or I may stay at
home.
12.My dad is still in Jakarta now, he might have
arrived here in two days.
13.I don`t find my dictionary,I may left it at
home.
14.Dr. Donald should come to day,but until now
he is still not in his room.
15.A pharmacist has to keep a record of the
prescriptions that are filled.

Pertemuan 4.
Topik:Comparative Degree ( tingkat
perbandingan ) of Adjective and adverb.
a.Equal Comparison.
Contoh-contoh.
Peter is as old as I am. You are as old as she
is.
My book is as interesting as yours(adjective)
His car runs as fast as a race car (adverb)
John sings as well as his sister.(adverb)
His job is not as difficult as mine.(adjective)

Dedy is as old as Peritahan.


Alpon is as clever as Peritahan.
Lisanti is as beautiful as Fauziah.(adjective)
Dedy works as carefully as Candra.(adverb)
Pak Lubis teaches as clearly as pak
Limbong(adverb)
==============================
Coconut fruit is harder than mango fruit.
Dedy is more deligent than Geonardo.(adjective)
Lince works more deligently than Saut.
Dr.Andi works more carefully than dr.Boy.
(adverb)
Mrs.Ridwan cooks more deliciously than
Mrs.Leo.

Orientasi is taller than Fonater is.


Fonater is cleverer than Orientasi in
English.avid
David is stronger than Saddam.
Darma is as old as I am.
Desrahmat is as handsome as Orientasi.
Nobel is as beautiful as Nurdani.
Orientasi is not as fat as Fonater.
I am not as clever as Fonater in English.
I have a little money.Orientasi`s money is
less than mine. Reza`s money is the least
of all fo us.

B. Unequal Comparisons.
To day is hotter than yesterday (adjective).
He speaks Spanish more fluently than I
do(Adverb)
Nurse Linda is smarter than nurse Mawar.
But Nurse Mawar is more beautiful than nurse
Linda.
Dr.Amrin is the most careful doctor I`ve ever
met.
Tony is the cleverest student in our class.
Harry`s watch is far more expensive than mine.
A watermelon is much sweeter than a lemon.
February has fewer days than March
She dances much more artistically than her
predecessor.

C. Irregular
Comparison
Adjective or Comparative
Superlative
Adverb
far
little
much
many
good
well
badly
bad

{farther}
{further}
less
more

{farthest}
{furthest}
least
most

better

best

worse

worst

Contoh-contoh:
1. I feel much better to day than I did last
week.
2.The public hospital is farther than the bank.
3.He has less time now than he had before.
4.Marjorie has more books than Sue.
5.This magazine is better than that one.
6.He acts worse now than ever before.
D.Double Comparative.
the+comparative+subj+verb+the+comparati
ve+subject+verb
Contoh:

1.The hotter it is, the more miserable I feel.


2.The sooner you see the doctor, the better you will
feel.
3.The sooner you bring him to hospital, the more
comfortable you will feel.
4.The more you study,the smarter you will become.
5.The more he slept, the more irritable he become..
6.The sooner you leave, the earlier you will arrive at
your destination.
7.The higher I flew, the worse I felt in my first flight.
8.The fatter you are, the more difficult for you to
breath
9.the more often you learn, the cleverer you will be.
10.The lazier you learn, the more stupid you will be.

4.Superlative Degree(Tingkat Paling)


Adjective+est,/most + adjective
At this moment,Peritahan is the cleverest
student in English in our class.(clever=2X
ucap,jadi cukup +est)
Dedy is the most deligent student in our
class at this moment.
Hotmauli is the most beautiful girl in our
class at this moment.
At this moment Herman is the best
student in our class.
Gayus has the most money nowadays,
because he is one of the corruptor in
Indonesia.

How do you say in English the following


expressions?
Bagi saya,saat ini, Bahasa Inggris adalah
pelajaran yang paling sulit untuk difahami.
Bagi saya,dokter Indra adalah dokter yang
paling baik hati kepada pasien2nya.
Suster Mawar adalah perawat yang paling
rajin dalam melakukan tugas2nya.
Buku saya adalah palinng murah,tapi
memiliki mutu yg bagus.
Rudi paling cepat memahami pelajaran
bahasa Inggris di kelas kami.
Rudi selalu paling bertanggung jawab dalam
melakukan tugas2nya.

Exercises.Do the following exercices


correctly in equal,comparative or
superlative degree.!
1.John and his friends left(soon) as the
professor had finished his lecture.
2.His job is(important) than his friend`s
3.He plays guitar.(well) as Andre`s
Segovia.
4.A new house is much(expensive) than
an older one.
5.Martha is (talented) than her cousin
6.No body .(happy) than Maria.
7.The boys felt..(bad) than girls about
losing the game.

8.This is the (creamier/creamiest) ice cream I


have had in a long time.
9.This poster is(colourful/more colourful than
the one in the hall.
10.Does Fred feel (weller/better) to day than
he did yesterday?.
11.This vegetable soup tastes very(good/well)
12.Jane is the(less/least) athletic of all the
women.
13.This summary is(the better/ the best) of
the pair.
14.Your heritage is different(from/than) mine.

15.The colder the weather gets,(sicker/ the


sicker) I feel.
16.The museum is the (farther/farthest)
away of the three.
17.John is ( taller / the tallest) boy in his
family.
18.These shoes are the(less/least)
expensive of all.
19.Of the three shirts, this one is the
(prettier/prettiest).
20.Diana is the(shorter/shortest) of the
three sisters.

Pertemuan 5. a.Affirmative Agreement( elliptical


construction with so and too ).GUNANYA
MENGGABUNGKAN 2(DUA) KALIMAT POSITIP.
Contoh-contoh;
I am happy. You are happy.
1.I am happy, and you are too.
2.I am happy, and so are you.
Jane goes to that hospital. My sister goes to that hospital.
3.Jane goes to that hospital, and my sister does too.
4.Jane goes to that hospital, and so does my sister.
John visited the surgeon yesterday. I visited the surgeon
yesterday.
5.John visited the surgeon yesterday, and I did too.
, and so did I.
Dr.Andi will arrive from Jkt tomorrow.dr.Linda will arrive
from Jkt tomorrow.
6.dr.Andi will arrive from Jakarta tomorrow, and dr. Linda
will too.
-and so will dr. Linda.

Soal-soal
1.I am thirsty.You are thirsty.
I am thirsty, and you are too.
I am thirsty,and so are you.
2.You can operate a computer.I can operate a
computer.
You can operate a computer, and I can too.
You can operate a computer, and so can I.
3.The gynecologist checks his patient once a
week.
The surgeon checks his patient once a week.
The gynecologist checks his patient once a
week, and the surgeon does,too.
,and so does the surgeon.

Exercises:Use and..too and so to


complete the following sentences. e.g
I was doing some home works-my
sister.
A.I was doing some home works,and
my sister was too.
B.I was doing some home works, and
so was my sister.

B.Negative Agreement( Elliptical Construction


with either and neither).Fungsinya meggabungkan
2 kalimat negatip.
Contoh-contoh:
1.I didn`t see Mary this morning. John didn`t see
Mary this morning.
-I didn`t see Mary this morning, and John didn`t
either.
- I didn`t see Mary this morning, and neither did
John.
John hasn`t visited the oculist before.I haven`t
visited the oculist before.
John hasn`t visited the oculist before, and I
haven`t either

, and

neither have I

Exercises.
Supply the correct form of the verbs for the
simple
statement in the form of elliptical in each of the
following sentences.
1.Rose likes to play,and her brothertoo.
2.They will leave at noon,and I.too.
3.We like to swim in the pool,and they..too.
4.Our Spanish teacher loves to travel,and so
.we.
5.He has lived in Mexico for five years,and
you..too.
6.The patients needs the comfortable room, and
the health workers.too.

7.Mr.John made a general check up


yesterday,and so.. Mrs.John.
8.Nurse Linda arrives at work at eight
a.m,and nurse Mawartoo.
9.I must write them a letter,and she..too.
10.She has already got her job,and so.he.
11.We don`t plan to attend the
concert,and.do they.
12.Mary can`t type well,and her sister.
13.I don`t like tennis,and .. ..he.
14.I can`t stand living in boarding
house,and. . My sister.

Butin elliptical sentences.(is used to join one


positive and one negative sentences)
1.Fonater is clever in speaking
English.Christianus is not clever in speaking
English.
Fonater is clever in speaking English, but
Christianus isn`t.
2.Rudy bought a new ninja motor. Torang did not
buy a new ninja.
Rudy bought a new ninja, but Torang didn`t.
3.Rudy doesn`t understnd English well. I
understand English well.
Rudy doesn`t undertsnd English well, but I do.
4.Rina doesn`t like watching movies.Rita likes
watching movies.
Rina doesn`t like watching movies, but Rita does.

Pertemuan ke 6.Relative Clause


A relative Clause is used to form one sentence
from two separate sentences.The relative
pronoun replaces one of two identical noun
phrases and relates the clauses to each other.The
relative pronouns and their uses are listed here.
Kinds of Pronoun Use in formal English
that things
which
things
Who people
Whom
people(object)
Whose
Usually people(ownership
Where
place
When time

Contoh-contoh:
1.John bought a bottle of cough syrup.The cough syrup
cost fifteen thousand rupiahs.
-John bought a bottle of cough syrup that cost fifteen
thousand rupiahs.
2.The 45-year-old lady who was just admitted to hospital
had trouble breathing.( The 45-year-old lady
had trouble breathing.She was just admitted to hospital)
3.The lady whose husband was jobless had to work hard
to support a family of four children.(The lady had to
work hard to support a family of 4 children.Her husband
was joblesss).
4.She works in an office which is about 60 km from her
home(she works in an office.The office is about 60 kms
from her home.)

My mother bought ten duck eggs. The


eggs cost 2 thousand rupiah each.
-My mother bought ten duck eggs that
cost 2 thousand rupiah each.
My uncle makes cupboards every
day.The cupboards want to be sold.
-My uncle makes cupboard every day
that want to be sold.
My uncle makes cupboards every day.
He lives in Tandawana.
My uncle who lives in
Tandawana,makes cupboards every
day.

5.The children who are playing in the yard


are my neighbours.
6.Mr.Yusuf who lives beside our house, is
now at hospital
7.Mr.Indra, who came to our scool
yesterday, is a Gynaecologist.
8.Gajah Mada University,which the oldest
university in Idonesia, has thousand of
students.
9.The man who is smiling at me is my
cousin.
10.The motorcycle which is driving now by
John, cost twenty-five million rupiahs.

Exercise:
Combine the following two sentences by using
relative pronouns!
1.Jakarta is the capital of Indonesia.It is the largest
city.
2.The bed had no matress.I slept on that bed.
3.This is the girl.She has given some money to the
beggar.
4.Bring me the magazine.I put it on the table this
morning.
5.Swimming makes people healthy.It is a good sport.
6.My father has just returned home.He is very tired.
7.Sardi and Rukmini are good friends of mine.they
are playing badminton now.
8.Haji Agus Salim was a bright man.He always wore
a sarong.

9.The man is a policeman.He sat next to


me on the train this morning.
10.Smoking is still popular.It is a good
habit.
Jawab:
1.Jakarta,which is the capital of
Indonesia is the largest city.
2.the bed had no matress where I sleep
on the bed(salah)
2.The bed, where I slept on had no
matress.(benar)
3.this is who,she has given some money
to the beggar the girl.

She whose given some money to the


beggar is the girl(salah)
This is the girl who has given some
money to the beggar .(benar)
Soal lanjutan:
1.The boys broke the window.They had
been playing football in the garden.
2.This is the trophy. I won it in a 100medtres relay.
3.Do you know anything about the
boy? The boy lives opposite you.

4.My uncle has a wonderful collection of stamps.They are


very valuable.
5.All the rubber estate belong to Mr.Tan.He is the richest
man in this town.
6.Do you remember the boy? His father become bankrupt
last month?
7.we found the house.The fortune teller lives in the house.
8.This part of the river is very shallow.It passess through
the town.
9.the lady is my sister -in-law.she is wearing a blu skirt.
10.The dress looks nice on her.She made it 3 days ago.
11.The games are soccer and rugby.Ali liked them best.
12.The dog was discovered to have rabies.The dog bit the
man.
13.The teacher told us a story about a boy.His father had
died when he was still young.
14.We saw the lady.Her husband is the chief Education
Officer of the state.

Pertemuan ke 7.Adjective and Adverb


Adjectives fall into two categories;
they are descriptive and limiting
adjectives.Descriptive adjectives are
those which describe the colour,size,or
quality of a person or thing,while
limiting adjectives are those which
restrict the words they modify;e.g
quantity,distance, possession.Adjective
normally modify nouns or
pronouns.e.g-He is a kind doctor.He is
kind to everyone else.

descriptive
Beautiful
Large
Red
Interesting
Important
colourful

limiting
Cardinal number(one,two)
Ordinal
number(first,second)
Possessive(my,your, his)
Demonstrative(this,that,thes
e,those)
Quantity(few,many,much)
Articles(a, an, the)

Adverbs
Adverbs modify
verbs,adjectives,or other
adverbs.
Many descriptive
adjectives can be changed
to adverbs by adding ly to
the adjective base.
Kinds of adverbs:
manner,place,time.
Suster Ani memandikan
patien itu dengan sabar.
Nurse Ani baths the
patient patiently.

Adjective
s
Bright
Careful
Quiet
patient

Adverbs
Brightly
Carefully
Quietly
patiently

Tony menjawab pertanyaan2 guru


dengan tidak sabar.
Tony answered the questions of the
teacher impatiently..
Perawat shinta menyuntik anak itu
dengan perlahan.
Nurse Shinta injected the child slowly.
The lecture explains the
lessons.a.clear b.clearly
c.clearful d.clearness e.clears.
Jawabnya adalah b(clearly)=adverb
,fungsinya menerangkan verb explains.

Contoh soal.
1. As a midwife you shoud ..in helping a
woman delivering her baby.
A.patient b.patiently c.impatient
d.impatiently e.be patient
2.Dr.Andre always speaks.to his
patients.
A.slow b.slowly c.be slowly d.be slow
e.slows
3.I need aexplanation about English
material.
A.clear b.unclear c.clearly d.claers
e.clearing

John is reading carefully.


Maria speaks Spanish fluintly.
Rita drank too much coffee.
I don`t play tennis very well.
Kinds of adverbs:
Manner:bravely,fast,happily,hard,quickly,well.
Place: by,down,here,near,there,up.
Time: now,soon,still,then,today,,yet.
Frequency:always,never,occasionally,often,twic
e.
Sentence:certainly,definitely,luckily,surely.
Degree:fairly,hardly,rather,qiute,too,very.
Interrogative:when?,where?,Why?
Relative:When,where,why.

Passive sentences.
Simple present tense.
The doctor checks his patients twice a day.(act )
The doctor =subject, Checks= predicate
his
patients=object ,twice a day=keterangan.
His patients are checked by the doctor twice a day.
The doctor does not check his patients 3 times a day.
(act)
-His patients are not checked by the doctor 3 times a
day.
Does the doctor check his patients 3 times a day?
Are his patients checked by the doctor 3 times a day?
How many times does the doctor check his patients in a
day?
How many times are his patients checked in a
day?

Present Continuous tense.


The lecturer is giving an explanation
about English now.(act)
An explanation about English is being
given by the lecturer now.
The lecturer is not giving an explanation
about English now.
An explanation about English is not being
given by the lecturer now.
Is the lecturer giving an explanation about
English now?
Is an explanation about English being
given by the lecturer now?
What is giving by the lecturer now?
What is being given by the lecturer now?

Change the following sentences into Passive ones.


1.Somebody calls the president every day.
2.Dr.John is calling his assistant now.
3.Ns.Shinta was bathing the patient yesterday.
4.His family had taken Mr.Rahmat to hospital
yesterday.
5.A patient should obey the doctor`s advice.
6.Mrs.Zainab will deliver her baby in hospital.
7.I have to accompany my mom to hospital.
8.The fire has caused uncountable damage.
9.John will have finished his duty tomorrow.
10.We will do some nursing practices in public
hospital.

7c.Causative verbs.
The causative verbs are used to indicate that one person
causes a second person to do something for the first
causative person.One can cause somebody to do
something for him or her by paying, asking, or forcing the
person.The verbs are: have,get,make.Pay attention to the
following examples.
1.have=menyuruh(s+have+obj 1+bare inf Verb+ obj 2
+complement)
-The doctor has the nurse inject the patient 3x a day
-The lecturer had us do the task at home yesteday.
-The gynecolgist often has the pregnant women have a
jogging when their pregnancies is over seven months.
-Bentuk2 kalimat diatas adalah bentuk aktif,namun
adakalanya dapat berbentuk kalimat passip
===================================
Havememiliki beberapa maksud,a.l
Have=mempunyai
I have a kind teacher.

Causative dalam bentuk passive.


-the doctor has the patient injected 3X a day.
(s+ have+obj+ Verb past participle+complement)
The lecturer had the task done at home
yesterday.
The gynecologist often has jogging done by the
pregnant women when their pregnancy is over 7
months.
My father had his car washed in laundry
yesterday.
2.Get.
The nurse got the patient to eat his meal
yesterday.
(s+ get+obj1+ to inf verb +obj 2 +complement.)

2.Andi got me to lend him some of my


money yest.
-Andi got some of my money lent to
him yesterday.
3.Make=memaksa
The lecturer made us do the task in
group of four.
(dosen memaksa kami mengerjakan
tugas dalam kelompok 4 org.)

2.have=sudah
We have practised about injecting a patient
3.have=makan/minum
We always have rice and curry for
breakfast
We always have sweet tea in the morning
4.have sebagai causative.
Penggunaan Let
1.My father let me drive his car.
2. The lecturer let us do the task at home .
3.The doctor let his assistant check the
patient.

Pertemuan 9. CONDITIONAL SENTENCES.


Dalam B.Inggris, ada 3(tiga) type Conditional(kalimat pengandaian)
yaitu:
Type 1.( Future Conditional) Yang sifatnya boleh terjadi apabila
syarat2 tertentu terpenuhi.
Rumus:If+ Simple Present Tense+Present Future Tense(sebaliknya)
contoh
1.You will be cleverer if you are deligent to study. Atau
If you are deligent to study, you will be cleverer.
2.If you get up early in the morning, you won`t be late to school.
3.If you do your work carefully,you will get good result.
4.If we are always in patience, we shall not get serious problems.

5.If you are always honest, the people will always


trust you
6.If you go to bed on time at night,It will be easy
for you to get up in the morning.
7.If you do your tasks well, you won`t be
punished by your seniors.
8.If you are clever in speaking English,you can
join the English Speech contest.

Type 2. Present Conditional.Sifatnya tak


mungkin terjadi(impossible events) karena
berlawanan dengan faktanya.
Rumus:If+Simple past Tense+ Past Future
Tense.(sebaliknya)
1.If I had enough money now, I would help
you.
2.If I were a bird, I would fly anywhere I
like.
3.If I were rich,I would have many friends.
4. If you took care with your health, you
wouldn`t be ill.
5.If you did`t have any work to do, we
would go picnic

Type 3(Past Conditional)terbentuk dari


Past Perfect Tense + Past Future Perfect
Tense. Sifatnya sangat tidak mungkin
(mustahil) terjadi,karena sudah berlalu dan
biasanya merupakan penyesalan.Contoh:
1.If you had brought your father to hospital
yesterday, he woldn`t have been so ill.
2.If you had come on time to class
yesterday, the teacher wouldn`t have been
angry with you.
3.If I had been at home yesterday,I would
have met my uncle.
4.If you had lent me some money
yesterday,I would have been in Nias now.

Pertemuan ke 10 dan 11.


Nursing Instructions.

A nurse or a midwife should be able to identify the


health condition of a patient.Before a through treatment
is carried out,a nurse must make a record of the signs
and symptoms of
the disease.Accordingly,the recording skills demands a
full knowledge of identifying in which part of the body
the illness is.In this unit,you`ll study some usefull
expressions how to ask your patients to do something in
Imperatives(commands/orders),Request, or Prohibitions.
Pay attention to the following expressions!
1.I`d like to check your body.
2.Sit down please!
3.Raise Your right arm,please!
4.We would like to make the bed,Please get up for a
moment.

5.Can you get up alone?


6.Move your hand please!
7.Could you stand up,please?
8.Now,lift your left leg,please!
9.Would you bend down your back, please?
10.Put your leg down,please!
11.Would you mind opening your
mouth,please?
12.All right,put your tongue out, please!
13.Now,say aaahh!
14.Could you touch your toes,please?
15.Wuold you mind wriggling your
finger,please?

16.Lie down,please! I`d like to check


over your condition
17.Roll your sleeve up,please!
18.Hold your breath,please!
19.Release your breath out,please!
20.Take your dress off, please!
21.Keep your eyes shut,please!
Kal Perintah boleh diubah menjadi
kalimat Permintaan atau kalimat
Larangan.
Contoh:

Kal.Perintah
Kal.Permintaan
Sit down !

-Will you sit


down,please?
-Do you mind sitting
down,please?
-Would you like to sit
down,please?
-Would you mind
sitting

down,please?
- Why don`t you
have a

sit,please?

-Have a sit,please!

Command Request
-Lye down on bed -Will you lie down on
bed,please?

down on

bed,please?

bed,please?

-Would you mind lying


bed,please?
-Please lye down on bed!
-Can you lye down on
-Could you lye down on
-Will you lye down on

bed,please
Prohibition=kalimat Larangan
-Dont lye down on bed!
-You may not lye down on bed
- You are prohibited to lye down on bed
-You should not lye down on bed

Pertemuan 12 dan 13.PASSIVE VOICE.


Contoh:
1.Active:People speaks English all over the world.
Passive: English is spoken all the world(by
people)
2.Act:The students are doing their tasks now.
Pass:Their tasks are being
done(bythestudents)now
3.Act:Somebody has stolen my instrument box.
Pass:My instrument box has been stolen (by
somebody)
4.The doctor has been interviewing the patient
for 10 minutes(act)
The patient has been being interviewed for 10
`(p)

Simple Past Tense


1.The doctor gave me a prescription to cure my
cough
I am given a prescription to cure my cough by doctor
A prescription is given to me by the doctor to cure
my cough.
2.Past Cont Tense
The nurse was preparing the bed for the new patient
The bed was being prepared for the new patient by
the nurse
3.Past Perfect Tense
The researchers had made a new researh about the
strange disease.
A new research had been made by the researchers
about the strange disease.or a new research had
been made about the strange disease.

Past Perfect Cont Tense


The lectuter had been explaining the
lesson for 10` yesterday
the lesson had been being explained
by the lecturer for 10` yesterday.
Present Future Tense
The Health Minister will make a visit
to our campus next month.
A visit will be made by the Health
Minister to our campus next month.
Continuous pakai being, perfect pakai
been, Future pakai be.

Pertemuan 18 ,Rabu 23 Nop 2011.


Indirect Speech(Kalimat Tak Langsung)
A.No Change of Tenses
Contoh:
1.(direct)He said,Metals expand when
heatedct
(Indirect):He said that metals expand
when
heated.
2.direct:Ali is taking a bath
Indirect: He said that Ali is taking a bath
3.He says,I am sorry

He says that he is sorry.

B.Change of Tenses
Contoh:
1.Direct:Ali said,I shall come home tomorrow
Indirect: Ali said that he would come home the
next day.
2.Direct:Andi said,My appendix was operated
by
the Surgeon yesterday.
Indirect:Andi said that his appendix had been
operated the day before.
3.My brother told me, I have put the key in its
usual place.
My brother told me that he had put the key in
its usual place.

Exercises.Change into Indirect Speech!


1.She told me,I`ll be free this morning.I`ll do it for you
2.Muthu said,I didn`t buy a single thing from Singapore
because I didn`t have enough money with me
Muthu said that he had not bought a single thing from
S.pore because he had not had enough money with him
3.She said,I checked over the sum but I can`t find
where I went wrong
She said that, she had checked over the sum but she could
not find where she had gone wrong.
4.He said, I dropped the key around here but I can`t find
it.
He said that he had dropped the key around there but he
could not find it.
5.The mechanic said,I can repair your car in half an
hour.
The mechanic said that he could repair my car in half an
hour
She told me that she would be free that morning. She
would do it for me.

Letter writing.

A Family Letter
25,Horas Street
Sibolga
12th January 2012
My dear Father and mother,
Thank you very much for the long letter which came from you last week.I
was very glad to get it and to hear all the news. I hope you are both well.
How is my little brother Freddy?
I have not written to you for a long time because I have had such a lot to
do.
Our semester examination has been over, and I am sure that you both will
be glad to know that everything I did, well in all the subjects.The
headmaster told me that he was very pleased with my develpoment in
following all the subjects at school.I will send you my report book to make
you sure that I am your good son.Moreover,the headmaster said that my
character and conduct are good.I am very glad seeing the marks in my
report.
I have been quite good at school, I have met some good friends among the
boys, and in the evenings, when school works have been over, we have
jolly times.I am one of the member of our football in our school. So far, our
team has done well and won most of the matches against other schools.
I do hope God will always bless us,and I will write again next month.
Your Loving son,
Dedy

Surat Lamaran(Application Letter )


Vacancy (Lowongan Pekerjaan )
We are the personils of PEDIATRIC HOSPITAL in Jakarta, seeking a qualified
nurse and midwife.

The position requires:


1.
Academy graduates at least 2 or 3 years of working experience
2.
Male or female at least 21 years of age on 28 th February 2012
3.
Good spoken and written English
4.
Familiar with PC and software application
5.
Knowledge of Windows 2005 Spreadsheet,etc
6.
The photocopy of diploma legalised by the Dean.
7.
The photocopy of identity card
8.
Photograph 3x4 (four pieces )
9.
Filling the curriculum vitae
10.
Good attitude and personality
The salary will be offered as much as five million rupiahs at the beginning,
including the accomodation service.
Please submit an application in writing ,not later than 2 weeks from now to;
PEDIATRIC HOSPITAL
Jln. Sunda Kelapa No.34 Central
Jakarta 10222

Jakarta,

Jl. Cendrawasih 35
Semarang
Februari 01, 2012
The Director of Pediatric Hospital
JL.Sunda Kelapa No. 34 Central Jakarta
Jakarta 10220
Dear Sir.
I am writing to apply for the job as a midwife, which you advertised recently in
Kompas newspaper. I am 22 years old. I was graduated from Winda Nauli
Midwifery Academy in Sibolga.
I took an English course for active
communication in Cambridge English Course.
Since I graduated from college, I have worked for a Private Hospital in
Semarang for 2 years.
I am interested in working as a midwife in your hospital as I want to expand my
experience and learn more in Jakarta.
I have enclosed 4 photographs, my complete curriculum vitae,the copy of my diploma
and also the copy of my identity card. I would be very pleased to send any further
details you may require. I would be available for an interview at anytime.
Thank you very much for your consideration and I look forward to hearing
from you soon.
Yours faithfully.
Vimi Apprillia.

INFORMATION SERVICE
Part 1.A conversation
Situation:
Mr.Harun,a new comer in Jakarta
came to
a hospital and asked for some information

Receptionist :Good morning,sir Can I help you?


Mr.Harun
: Yes, please.I need some
information.
My wife has any problems with her
prenancy.She has seven months of pregnancy
now.
Receptionist :okay,where is she now Mr.Harun
: She is still at the hotel now.Can I to get some
treatment sooner?

Receptionist: Ofcourse,we offer a


special care for a pegnant woman.Let
me fill out a form.Is this your first
baby?
Mr.Harun :Yes
Receptionist :What`s your cmplete
name sir?