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Homophones, Homonyms,

Homographs

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Some words seem designed


to mix you up
Twowordsmightsoundthesame,butbespelled
differently.
Twootherwordsmightbespelledthesame,but
meandifferentthings.
Anothertwowordsmayhavethesamespelling,
butdifferentpronunciations.

Let's sort out all of this gibberish!

Meet the three "H" Words!


1)Homophones:soundalike
2)Homonyms:soundalikeandarespelledalike
3)Homographs:havethesamespelling

Same sound

Same spelling

Same meaning

Homophones

YES

MAYBE

MAYBE

Homonyms

YES

YES

NO

Homographs

MAYBE

YES

MAYBE

Now lets look at the three H words one at a time

1) Homophones
Thesewordssoundalike.
Theymayormaynotbespelleddifferently.
(When they aren't, they are called homonyms! -- More on that later...)

Example:thewords"air"and"heir"
The prince is the queen's heir.
I love the fresh air.
Example:thewords"fire"and"fire"
The flames of the fire glowed
brightly.
The boss will fire the bad

Other Examples of Homophones:


Don't waste the remaining paper.
Tie a belt around your waist.
We need rain to end the drought.
The queen has had a long reign.
It was a starry night.
The knight never used his sword.
I ride the bus to school.
She does too!
It is two o'clock.

2) Homonyms
Theseareasubtypeofhomophones.That'sbecausethey
don'tjustsoundalike,theyalsohavethesamespelling.
Example:theword"bear"
The bear lived in the woods.
I can hardly bear the
excitement!
Example:theword"pen"
Pen the animals in the corral.
Write your name with a blue
pen.

3) Homographs
Thesewordshavethesamespelling.
Theymayormaynothavethesamesoundandmeaning.
Example:thewords"lead"and"lead"
Lead us through the dark woods.
The package was as heavy as lead.
Example:theword"been"
I have been [bin] tired lately. (U.S.
accent)
I have been [bean] tired lately.
(Canadian accent)

More Homographs
Please close the door.
We sat close to each other.
I want to live in Paris one
day.
He likes to fish
with live bait.
The wind blew the leaves
away.
Wind up the toy and watch it
go!
The white dove is a
beautiful bird.

Remember the three "H" Words!


1)Homophonessoundalike.
2)Homonymssoundalikeandarespelledalike.
3)Homographshavethesamespelling.

Homophone
s

Homonyms

Homographs

Same sound

Same spelling

Same meaning

YES

MAYBE

MAYBE

air, heir, err

No air, heir, err


Yes a tire, to tire

No air, heir, err


Yes gases, gasses

YES

YES

NO

a scale, to scale

a scale, to scale

a scale, to scale

MAYBE

YES

MAYBE

Yes a tire, to tire


No to lead, lead (metal)

a tire, to tire
to lead, lead (metal)

No a tire, to tire
Yes been (bin vs.
bean)

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