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Internet as a

Knowledge Repository

Internet as a Knowledge Repository


A Knowledge repository is something which captures,
packs & stores relevant knowledge.
In other words, it means a place to store knowledge and
retrieve knowledge. Hence internet is truly a knowledge
repository.
Intranets & Internets offer new ways to manage &
communicate data, information & Knowledge.
Knowledge repository formation involves
1. Identifing knowledge resources
2. Capturing identified knowledge
3. Organizing captured knowledge.
4. Transferring the captured knowledge.

Internet as a Knowledge Repository


In this internet world, we can search any kind of
information.
Typing of a keyword in the search engine provides a
lot of information about it.
Internet is recognized as a rich source of information.
Development of ICT has yielded an unlimited variety
of databases & multimedia platform.
It supply multifarious needs including knowledge,
edutainment, entertainment, leisure activities,
consumer facilities, interpersonal interaction, etc.

Internet as a Knowledge Repository


With development of ICT, there is an ever-increasing no.
of New users who yearly join & many millions who are
already familiar with on line www activity.
Many of the online users are students who utilize the www
as a portal to the world of knowledge both formal &
informal.
The educational system understands unlimited learning
possibilities presented by ICT and integrates the use of
ICT in learning in general & in online learning in particular.

Academic Search
Techniques

Search Engine
A search engine is a tool or a program
designed to search for information on the
www on the basis of specified keywords and
returns a list of the documents where the
keywords were found.
The search results are usually presented
in a list and are commonly called hits.
The information may consist of
WebPages, images, information and other
types of files.

Quotation Marks and Truncation


In library catalogs and article
databases, the two most helpful
advanced search techniques are:
1) Quotation Marks
2) Truncation or Wild Card

Quotation Marks
Quotation marks are used around phrases.
By using quotations marks, you are telling
the computer to only bring back pages with
the terms you typed in the exact order you
typed them.
Example:
health care reform
instead of
health AND care AND reform

For example, if you are interested in finding


information on social networking, it is best to
search for social networking in quotation
marks. Otherwise, the computer might
search for social AND networking and find
many more irrelevant results.

Truncation
Truncation means to chop
off. When you truncate you
chop off the end of the
word, so the computer can
search for multiple endings.
For example, your research
question includes the
keyword education. You can
truncate education, so that
the computer will find all of
the word ending variations.

Educat* will find:


Education
Educate
Educated
Educating

Be careful where you place the truncation


symbol. Educate* will not find education or
educating, although it will find educate and
educated.
Truncation will not find synonyms (i.e. scien*
will not find the words botany, biology, or
astronomy), although it may bring up articles
on those topics IF they include the words
science, scientific, or scientist.

BOOLEAN
SEARCHING
How it can help you do effective
database and Internet searching

Tara Guthrie, 2010

What is Boolean searching?


It is based on a method of logic
developed by George Boole, a 19th
century English mathematician.
Most online databases and Internet
search engines support Boolean
searches.
It allows you to do effective
searches by cutting out many
unrelated documents.

Basic Boolean Operators:


AND
OR
NOT

AND
Using AND narrows your search.
It retrieves documents that contain
both of the search terms or
keywords that you specify.
The more terms you connect with
AND, the fewer search results you
will find.

Example Using AND:


Poverty AND
Crime
Documents are
retrieved
containing both
search terms.
Blue shaded area
represents search
results.

OR
Using OR broadens your search.
It retrieves documents that contain
either of the search terms or
keywords that you specify, but not
necessarily both.
The more terms you connect with OR,
the more search results you will find.
(Remember: OR gives you more!)
Use it to search for similar terms.

Example Using OR:


College OR
University
Documents are
retrieved containing
either search term.
Gold shaded area
represents search
results.
Tara Guthrie, 2010

NOT
Using NOT narrows your search.
It retrieves documents that do not
contain a search term in your search.
Use NOT to exclude a term from your
search and to find fewer results.

Example Using NOT:


Cats NOT Dogs
Documents are
retrieved containing
only information on
cats, and nothing on
dogs.
Purple shaded area
represents search
results.

Advanced Boolean
Search Techniques
Quotation
Marks
(Parentheses)

Tara Guthrie, 2010

Quotation Marks
Using quotation marks narrows your
search.
It requires words to be searched as
a phrase in the exact order that you
type them within the quotation
marks.
Helpful for searching multiple-word
terms, places, or a persons
name.

Examples Using

global warming
New York City
Sachin Tendulkar
Note: Using quotation marks will
give you different search results
than if you use the AND operator
between each word without quotes.

(Parentheses)
(Parentheses) allow you to combine
any of the Boolean operators
together in combination.
Use NOT and OR together to limit
your search.
Use AND and OR together to expand
your search.
Using ( ) allows you to combine two
possible searches into one,
and it saves you time.

Example using ( )
alternative energy NOT (wind OR
solar)
Using this search string would allow
you to find documents about
alternative energy, but not wind or
solar methods it would only give you
other methods.
Your search is narrowed by using NOT,
and you exclude more by using OR.
How could this be divided into 2 searches?

How do I know which


Boolean Operators to use?

AND
OR
NOT

( )

Sample Question #1
I want to find information about
cloning humans.
You may want to try a couple of search
strings for more varied results.
Possible searches:
cloning AND human
human cloning

Sample Question #2
I want to find information about
either Abishek Bachan or his wife,
Aiswarya Rai.
Suggested search:
Abishek Bachan OR Aiswarya Rai

Sample Question #3
I want to find information about
mummies, but not mummies in
Egypt.
Suggested search:
mummies NOT Egypt

Tara Guthrie, 2010

Sample Question #4
I want to find information about
behavior in cats.
Consider: is there more than one
term used for a cat?
Possible search:
behavior AND (cats OR felines)

Sample Question #5
I want information on designing web
sites, but not on specific web design
software programs.
Consider: which software programs help
you create web sites?
Possible searches:
web site design NOT (Dreamweaver OR
Front Page)
web site design NOT software

Boolean Search Tips


If you find too many search results,
you may need to narrow your search.
Revise your search by adding
additional terms using AND, or
excluding a term using NOT.
If you do not find enough search
results, you may need to expand your
search. Try using synonyms for your
search term using OR.
Tara Guthrie, 2010

Google
Advanced
Searching
By Callie, Yerin, and Chloe

Introduction

Spiderweb
Google is a website that uses the spider web method in order to accurately find
websites that you are interested in...............
http://www.spiderweb.com (Sending out a spider which searches the web for
information to fetch as many documents as possible)

Advanced Search
Techniques
We will be talking about tips and shortcuts as well as searches for carried file
types............................
http://www.advancedsearching.com

Multimedia Searching
Multimedia Searching such as videos, pictures, and how to use someones
media legally..........
http://www.multimedia.com

How Google Works

QuickTime and a
decompressor
are needed to see this picture.

Basic Searching

Narrowing Searches

only use words that are key words to help narrow the number of
searches......................
http://www.narrowedsearches.com

Dont type long


Sentences
USE KEY WORDS....................
http://www.keywordsearching.com

Use sites based upon what you are


looking for
If you are looking for videos, use YouTube, if you are looking for images use
images.google.com
http://www.specific sites.com

Advanced Searching Techniques (tips and


Shortcuts)

Quotation Marks
Quotation marks will search for the exact phrase that was typed..............
http://www.quotationmarks.com

Adding a Minus
Adding minuses to a specific word tells the search engine to not search
for sites related to that word. ..........................
http://www.addinaminus.com

Boolean Words
AND, OR, AND NOT are all Boolean words that allow someone to refine
their search and are powerful words for searching...................
http://www.booleanwords.com

AND
OR
NOT

Advanced Searching Techniques (File Types)

.doc
file extension .doc will take you to all websites that come from or are
documents............................
http://www.doc.com

.pdf
file extension .pdf will take you to all websites that are portable document format
(PDF)...........................
http://www.pdf.com

.ppt
file extension .ppt will take you to all websites that are or contain a Power
Point...........................
http://www.ppt.com

.gov
file extension .gov will take you to all websites that are government websites.......
http://www.mp3.com

gov

Advanced Searching File Types

QuickTime and a
decompressor
are needed to see this picture.

Multi Media Search Techniques

Searching Specific File Types


searching specific file types such as .png, .gif, .jpg will allow you to find the type
of picture you want effectively........
http://www.filetype.com

Google Images
http://www.images.google.com

Legally Using Pictures or


Videos
People who own multi media have creative commons licenses, and it allows them to
let us use their media or not. All Rights Reserved, meaning we must get
permission from the owners to use the Media................
http://www.legalpictureusage.com

http://www.google.co.th/imgres?
imgurl=http://www.seriouseats.com/images/20070401istockpbjbeau
ty.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.seriouseats.com/2007/04/pbj-aserious-eats-specialrep.html&h=345&w=620&sz=48&tbnid=PtdFEg55KUxd8M:&tbnh=76
&tbnw=136&prev=/search%3Fq%3Dpeanut%2Bbutter%2Band
%2Bjelly%26tbm%3Disch%26tbo
%3Du&zoom=1&q=peanut+butter+and+jelly&hl=en&usg=__SwsWL2YZ
TEHTf7Fs1uZG1h5xSH8=&sa=X&ei=HaS0T9rnPMK8rAfwnICZDA&v

Conclusion

More Reliable Searching


narrowing searches can get better more reliable sites when working on projects
or papers..............
http://www.reliablesearches.com

Less Time Wasted


narrowing searches can take time away from searching when working on
projects or papers...........................
http://www.timewasted.com

Thanks For
Watching Presentation
about Searching
Techniques!

Happy Searching!