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THE ROMANTIC AGE

(1789-1832)
Group 8 Class XZ
Citra Prihatini (2012-1250-1371)
Rama Rajesatya (2012-1250-1168)
Endah Widiyanti (2012-1250-1157)
Rina Anindita (2013-1257-0068)
Lystiaria (2014-1257-0012)

THE ROMANTIC AGE


(1789-1832)
The romantic period last about 40 years, from the French
Revolution in 1789 to the Reform Act of 1832. It is
sometimes called the Age of Revolution: the American
Revolution of 1776, and the spirit of liberty, equality and
fraternity of the French Revolution made it a time of hope
and change. So, the poetry of romantics, from Wordsworth
and Coleridges Lyrical Ballads (1789), is in many ways
poetry of war.
In literature, Romantic writing is mostly poetry: Wordsworth
and Coleridge wanted a revolution too, in poetic language
and in themes which contrasted with the earlier Augustan
age. for Augustans, feelings and imagination were
dangerous; for romantics, reason and the intellect were
dangerous.

William Blake
Blakes best-known
collection of poetry Songs
of Innocence and
Experience was published
in 1794. His poems are
simple but symbolic, the
lamb is the symbol of
innocence, the tiger the
symbol of mystery.

William Blake collections

Blake saw the dangers of an industrial


society in which individuals were lost, and in
his famous poem London he calls the
system of society mind-forged manacles.

William Wordsworth
His poetry looks inward
rather than outward, and in
The Prelude, his long
autobiographical poem, we
read how an individuals
thoughts and feelings are
formed. Wordsworth is the
main character in most of
his poems. He wants to
see into the heart of
things, as he says in Lines
Written
Above
Tintern
Abbey. He considers, in
Daffodils, for instance,
how the past relates to the

The Prelude is an extremely personal and revealing


work on the details of Wordsworth's life. Wordsworth
began The Prelude in 1798 at the age of 28 and
continued to work on it throughout his life.

Coleridge
Wordsworth worked closely
with the poet Samuel
Taylor
Coleridge.
They
were both responsible for
Lyrical Ballads and for the
influential Prefaces to the
second edition (1800), but
they are very different
poets. Coleridges poetry is
more about extraordinary
and supernatural world.
There are only four poems
by Samuel Taylor Coleridge
in Lyrical Ballads, but one
of them is his best-known

Coleridge poem collections

John Keats
He was an English Romantic
poet. He was one of the
main figures of the second
generation
of
Romantic
poets. Keats wrote about
the nature of literature, the
imagination and poetry, and
his Letters are important
critical works.
Many of Keatss poems are
incomplete fragments, but
they make a lasting pattern.
Keats wrote much of his
poetry, both long narrative
poems and the famous

Some of John Keats works

Percy Bysshe Shelley


Shelley was one of the
major
English
Romantic
poets, and is regarded by
some as among the finest
lyric, as well as epic, poets
in the English language.
Shelley felt the death of
Keats particularly deeply,
and wrote about it in his
poem
Adonais
(1821).
Shelleys poetry is similar to
Keatss poetry in some way;
they both wanted to capture
deep personal experience.
But Percys writing is like

Shelleys collection :

Byron

George Gordon Byron or


famously known as Lord Byron
was one of the most influential
and, far many, is one of the
most typical Romantic poets.
He was a great influence
across Europe in the
nineteenth century.
His hero, Childe Harold, in the
long poem Childe Harolds
Pilgrimage, made Byron
famous, the first popular
bestselling poet, in 1812, when
he was 24.
In Don Juan (1819 1824),
Byron is more satirical. He
invites his readers to be
involved in the poem, to laugh

Other Romantic Writers


The Romantics were poets
of change. They found
constants in nature and in
art, but they could also see
the new dangers of the
modern world, and in many
of their writings the security
of the individual is
threatened.
The Romantic Period was
also a time in which prose
writing developed rapidly

Robert
Burns

Thomas de
Quincey

Mary Shelley
Frankenstein is a
novel written by the
English author Mary
Wollstonecraft Shelley
about the young
science student Victor
Frankenstein, who
creates a living being
which becomes a
monster.
Frankenstein is the
first modern science
fiction novels

Jane Austen
Jane

Austen

is

different

from other writers of her


time,

because

her

main

interest is in the moral,


social,

and

psychological

behavior of her characters.


She

writes

young

mainly

heroines

as

about
they

grow up and search for


personal happiness.

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