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S U M M A RY O F F I R S T Q UA RT E R L E SS O N S

ARCE REYESVARONA

HISTORY

ORIGIN AND SCIENTISTS

TRIGONOMETRY

Greek

words

ORIGIN:

Trignon = "triangle"

Metron = "measure

branch of

Mathematics that

studies

relationships

involving lengths

and angles of

emerged in the

Hellenistic world during

the 3rd century BC from

applications of

geometry to

HIPPARCHU

S

Father of Trigonometry

first person of whose

systematic use of

trigonometry we have

documentary evidence

made astronomical

observations from 161

to 127 BC.

REN

DESCARTES

Father of Modern

Philosophy

Cartesian Coordinate

System

Cartesian Plane

CONCEPTS

FORMULAE, SAMPLE

PROBLEMS

CARTESIAN PLANE

DISTANCE FORMULA

The distance between two

points,

(x1, y1) and (x2, y2),

is given by the formula

MIDPOINT FORMULA

The midpoint between two

points,

(x1, y1) and (x2, y2)

is given by the formula:

UNIT CIRCLE

a circle in the Cartesian

plane whose center is the

origin, (0,0), and whose

radii are equal to one.

ANGLES

An angle is in its standard

position if its vertex is located

at the origin and one ray is on

the positive x-axis.

REFERENCE ANGLE

smallest angle that the

terminal side of a given

angle makes with the xaxis. Reference angles are

less than 90 degrees

POSITION IS IN

QUADRANT 1

Angle in Standard

Position

Reference Angle

POSITION IS IN

QUADRANT 2

Reference Angle

180 - Angle in

Standard

Position

POSITION IS IN

QUADRANT 3

Reference Angle

Angle in Standard Position

180

POSITION IS IN

QUADRANT 4

Reference Angle

Angle in Standard Position 360

COTERMINAL ANGLES

two angles are coterminal if

they have the same position in

the Cartesian plane

DECIMAL DEGREES

DECIMAL MINUTES SECONDS

1= 60 (minutes) = 3600

(seconds)

1/60= 1 (minute)

1/3600= 1 (second)

Vise versa

EXAMPLE:

RADIAN DEGREE

Radian x 180

DEGREE RADIAN

Degree x

180

EXAMPLE:

CENTRAL ANGLE

Central Angle= (s/r)

s=length of arc

r=radius

ANGULAR SPEED

the distance travelled by

the body in terms of

rotations or revolutions to

the time taken

ROATATION)

2= 360 degrees or

one complete

rotation/revolution

The relation between Linear

speed and Angular speed is

EXAMPLE:

complete a revolution around the sun.

Calculate its Angular speed?

Question 1:

Solution:

Where D = Rotational distance

traveled = 2 and

T = 365 24 60 60

= 31536000 S.

Angular Speed () = 2/31536000

=

1.9923 10-7 rad/s.

EXAMPLE:

Question2:

The wheel of bullock cart of radius 1m

is moving with the speed of 5m per

second. Calculate its Angular speed.

Solution:

Radius of Circular path r = 1m

The Angular Speed=V/r

=(5m/s)/1m

= 5 rad/s.

LINEAR SPEED

simple words, it is the distance traveled for linear path in

given time

ws == angular

distancespeed

rt == raidus

time

EXAMPLE:

of 15 in has 3 revolutions per second.

Convert to miles per hour.

Question 1:

Solution:

EXAMPLE:

of 10 ft makes 6 revolutions in 1 sec.

Convert to inches per min.

Question 2:

Solution:

Asector=1(r2 )

2

Asegment=Asec=A

Arc Length= r

TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS

r=(x2+y2)

sin =y/r

tan =y/x

sec = r/x (x 0)

cos =x/r

csc =r/y (y 0) cot = x/y (y 0)

END

S U M M A RY O F F I R S T Q UA RT E R L E SS O N S

ARCE REYESVARONA

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