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TRIGONOMETRY

S U M M A RY O F F I R S T Q UA RT E R L E SS O N S

ARCE REYESVARONA

HISTORY
ORIGIN AND SCIENTISTS

TRIGONOMETRY
Greek
words
ORIGIN:
Trignon = "triangle"
Metron = "measure
branch of
Mathematics that
studies
relationships
involving lengths
and angles of

emerged in the
Hellenistic world during
the 3rd century BC from
applications of
geometry to

HIPPARCHU
S
Father of Trigonometry
first person of whose
systematic use of
trigonometry we have
documentary evidence
made astronomical
observations from 161
to 127 BC.

REN
DESCARTES
Father of Modern
Philosophy
Cartesian Coordinate
System
Cartesian Plane

CONCEPTS
FORMULAE, SAMPLE
PROBLEMS

CARTESIAN PLANE

DISTANCE FORMULA
The distance between two
points,
(x1, y1) and (x2, y2),
is given by the formula

MIDPOINT FORMULA
The midpoint between two
points,
(x1, y1) and (x2, y2)
is given by the formula:

UNIT CIRCLE
a circle in the Cartesian
plane whose center is the
origin, (0,0), and whose
radii are equal to one.

ANGLES
An angle is in its standard
position if its vertex is located
at the origin and one ray is on
the positive x-axis.

REFERENCE ANGLE
smallest angle that the
terminal side of a given
angle makes with the xaxis. Reference angles are
less than 90 degrees

IF THE ANGLE IN STANDARD


POSITION IS IN

QUADRANT 1
Angle in Standard
Position
Reference Angle

IF THE ANGLE IN STANDARD


POSITION IS IN

QUADRANT 2
Reference Angle
180 - Angle in
Standard
Position

IF THE ANGLE IN STANDARD


POSITION IS IN

QUADRANT 3
Reference Angle
Angle in Standard Position
180

IF THE ANGLE IN STANDARD


POSITION IS IN

QUADRANT 4
Reference Angle
Angle in Standard Position 360

COTERMINAL ANGLES
two angles are coterminal if
they have the same position in
the Cartesian plane

DECIMAL DEGREES
DECIMAL MINUTES SECONDS
1= 60 (minutes) = 3600
(seconds)
1/60= 1 (minute)
1/3600= 1 (second)

Vise versa

EXAMPLE:

RADIAN DEGREE
Radian x 180

DEGREE RADIAN
Degree x
180

EXAMPLE:

CENTRAL ANGLE
Central Angle= (s/r)
s=length of arc
r=radius

ANGULAR SPEED
the distance travelled by
the body in terms of
rotations or revolutions to
the time taken

Angular speed (w) =

ANGULAR SPEED (COMPLETE

ROATATION)

2= 360 degrees or
one complete
rotation/revolution
The relation between Linear
speed and Angular speed is

EXAMPLE:

Earth takes 365 days to


complete a revolution around the sun.
Calculate its Angular speed?
Question 1:

Solution:

Angular Speed is given by = D/T


Where D = Rotational distance
traveled = 2 and
T = 365 24 60 60
= 31536000 S.
Angular Speed () = 2/31536000
=
1.9923 10-7 rad/s.

EXAMPLE:
Question2:
The wheel of bullock cart of radius 1m
is moving with the speed of 5m per
second. Calculate its Angular speed.
Solution:

Given: Linear speed V = 5m/s,


Radius of Circular path r = 1m
The Angular Speed=V/r

=(5m/s)/1m
= 5 rad/s.

LINEAR SPEED

speed with which the body moves in the linear path. In


simple words, it is the distance traveled for linear path in
given time

ws == angular
distancespeed
rt == raidus
time

EXAMPLE:

A ferris wheel with a radius


of 15 in has 3 revolutions per second.
Convert to miles per hour.
Question 1:

Solution:

EXAMPLE:

A ferris wheel with a radius


of 10 ft makes 6 revolutions in 1 sec.
Convert to inches per min.
Question 2:

Solution:

Asector=1(r2 )
2

Asegment=Asec=A

Arc Length= r

TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS

r= distance of (x,y) from the origin


r=(x2+y2)

sin =y/r
tan =y/x
sec = r/x (x 0)
cos =x/r
csc =r/y (y 0) cot = x/y (y 0)

END
S U M M A RY O F F I R S T Q UA RT E R L E SS O N S

ARCE REYESVARONA