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BIOCLIMATIC

CHARTS
GIVONIS
BIOCLIMATIC
CHART
OLGYAYS BIOCLIMATIC
CHART

BIOCLIMATIC ANALYSIS
Bioclimatic is the study of the effects of climatic
conditions on living organisms.
Bioclimatic Analysis is a systematic procedure for
the assessment of thermal comfort in relation to the
external climate. It has the purpose of identifying the
desirable adaptations of the structure to meet human
comfort needs under specific climatological conditions.
Currently, there are two charts or methods for
assessing thermal conditions bioclimatologically:
1.Givoni Method (Ar. Baruch Givoni)
2.Olgyay Method (Ar. Victor Olgyay)

These two methods plot the climatological data


(Temperature and Humidity) on some sort of a
Psychrometric Chart, showing temperature and
humidity and boundaries of human comfort.
The actual climatic conditions are then compared
with the comfort requirements for bioclimatic
analysis.
Minimum climatic data required for bioclimatic
analysis:
a. Outdoor Air Temperatures monthly values
- Monthly Maximum Average
- Monthly Minimum Average
b. Relative Humidity or Vapor Pressure monthly
average
- Monthly Maximum Average

Prof. Emeritus
Baruch Givoni
BSc(Architect)

MSc (Hygiene)
PhD

Department of Architecture and Urban Design , School


of Arts and Architecture
University of California , UCLA , Los Angeles, USA

Prof. Givoni earned a BSc (Architect) at the Faculty of


Architecture, Technion (Israel Institute of Technology),
Haifa in 1953; a MSc (Hygiene) in the Graduate
School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh in
1959; and a PhD (Public Health) in the School of
Medicine, University of Jerusalem in 1963. He served
as head of the Department of Building Climatology,
Building Research Station at Technion, from 1970 to
1977, and taught Architecture and Urban Design at
Technion (1973-1977), and UCLA (1977-1997). In
addition he held a chair at the Ben Gurion University,
Beer Sheva, Israel (977-1984). Dr. Givoni has been a
He is the inventor of theGivoni-diagramfor
visiting professor at a number of Universities in North
bioclimatic control in buildings.
and South America, Australia and Europe.
Dr. Givoni has published a number of books, journal
articles and conference presentations. He wrote
the book: Man, Climate and Architecture

Givonis method uses a psychrometric


chart, showing wet bulb and dry bulb
temperatures and relative humidity

A PARTIAL PSYCHROMETRIC CHART

THE GIVONI DIAGRAM: BIOCLIMATIC CHART WITH

Combinations of air
temperature and relative
humidity marked by dashed
lines can produce
comfortable conditions
given sufficient ventilation.

In the zone marked "high


mass," these outside conditions
can still produce comfort if
highly massive construction is
skillfully employed.

In the zone marked "evaporation,"


hot, dry outside conditions can
produce comfort if evaporative
cooling is available.
Image: John S. Reynolds, based on
a diagram by Murray Milne and
Baruch Givoni

Givonis method uses a


psychrometric chart,
showing wet bulb and dry
bulb temperatures and
relative humidity
Plotting of monthly
temperature and relative
humidity monthly data.

Victor Olgyay

Victor Olgyay(September 1, 1910Hungary,


died 1970) Architect, city planner and pioneer of
the bioclimatism.[1]
He was professor of the School of Architecture
andUrbanismof the University of Princeton until
1970 and a leading researcher in the
investigation on the relation between
architecture and energy.
He also an author of various books, one of which
is the Architecture and Climate where he
emphasize in Bio-architecture and climate. This
is a book where Victor Olgyay writes about the
relationship between buildings and nature
surrounds it. The book is separated into three
parts concerning the climate and their
relationship to human being, the interpretation
of the affect on climatearchitectonickey and to
its application in Architecture and Urbanism. [2]
Altogether "Architecture and Climate", develops
into one complete theory of the architectonic
design, supported by logical and theoretical
justifications with coherent explanation of

Olgyays method is based on a chart


where outdoor dry bulb temperature,
humidity, radiation and air movement
are shown.

OLGYAYS BIOCLIMATIC
CHART
Olgyays method is based on a chart where outdoor
dry bulb temperature, humidity, radiation and air
movement are shown.

OLGYAYS BIOCLIMATIC CHART WITH


DESIGN STRATEGIES

Temperature and Relative Humidity Range for Cebu City


Month

Temperature in C

Relative Humidity (%)

Minimu
m

Average

Maximu
m

Minimu
m

Average

Maximu
m

23.00

26.30

29.70

79.80

87.20

94.80

February 23.10

26.40

30.00

79.40

85.60

93.20

March

23.70

27.20

30.90

75.40

82.60

90.40

April

24.70

28.20

31.90

73.40

81.20

88.00

May

25.10

28.40

32.10

76.00

82.80

91.00

June

24.60

28.00

31.60

74.20

83.60

91.60

July

24.40

27.60

31.00

74.20

79.60

92.80

August

24.50

27.70

31.00

75.20

83.80

92.00

Septemb 24.30
er

27.60

31.00

77.20

85.00

93.20

October

24.10

27.50

31.00

79.80

84.80

93.40

Novemb
er

23.90

27.10

30.70

76.80

84.00

94.20

January

End of presentation