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HP LP BYPASS SYSTEM

HP-LP BY PASS SYSTEM

For matching of live steam and turbine


metal temp. for a quick start up, bypass stations have been provided,
which dump the steam to the
condenser through pressure reducing
station and de-super heaters, during
the period steam parameters at the
boiler are being raised. These stations,
in addition to the quick start of turbine
and low noise level, also economize
the consumption of DM water.

ADVANTAGE

With the use of turbine by pass station it


is possible to buildup the matching
steam parameters at the boiler outlet
during any regime of starting,
independent of the steam flow through
turbine, the steam generated by boiler,
and not utilized by turbine during
startup or shutdown, is conserved with
in the power cycle and thus losses of
steam into the atm. is cut down to
barest minimum.
Shorten the start up time

HP BY PASS SYSTEM

To establish flow at the outlet sh for raising


boiler parameters during start-up

To maintain or control steam pressure at per


set value in main steam line during start-up

To warm up steam lines

To control steam temp down stream of hp


bypass at the preset value

To dump steam from boiler to condenser in


case the generator circuit breaker opens

LP BY PASS SYSTEM
CONTROL OF STEAM PRESSURE AFTER
RE-HEATER
ESTBALISH FLOW OF STEAM FROM
REHEAT LINES TO CONDENSER BY ITS
OPENING, PROPORTIONAL TO THE
OPENING OF HP BY PASS VALVES
RELEASED OF STEAM ENTRAPPED IN
HPT AND REHEATER CIRCUIT IN CASE
GENERATOR CIRCUIT BREAKER OPENS

OIL UNIT SUPPLY


THE

OIL SUPPLY UNIT FOR HP BYPASS


AND THE LP BYPASS ARE
CONNECTED IN PARALLEL

START UP PROCEDURE
OPERATION
With the start up of the boiler, the
pressure set point has to be
adjusted manually. If too large a
deviation between the measured
pressure and the set-point shall
occure, the alarms will be given.
Deviation will be given for a
positive as wall as a negative
difference.

CONTINUE

The hp bypass station controls and


maintains the upstream pressure at the
desired preset value when in operation.
As soon as the entire steam available
from sh oulet is swallowed by hp
turbine, the hp bypass station shall get
closed under automatic controller action
The hp bypass, once closed shall cut in
under pressure impulse only if the
generated ckt breaker opens

INTERLOCKS
GENERATOR

CKT BREAKER
CONDENSER VACUUM TO LOW
HP-VALVE-POSITION(<2%)

HP VALVE POSITION <2%

When turbine is running or not running and the


control of hp bypass valve is on manual, the
memory will get closing signal through AND
logic , if the valve position is <2%.

When turbine is running and control of hp


bypass valve is on auto, the memory will get
closing signal through AND logic , if the valve
position is <2%

When the turbine is not running and control of


hp bypass valve are on auto, there is no closing
signal to memory whatever is the position of
the valve and thus pressure control loop will
actuate valve

THANK YOU