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Defining
Marketing
for the 21st
Century

What is Marketing?
Marketing is an organizational function
and a set of processes for creating,
communicating, and delivering value
to customers and for managing
customer relationships in ways that
benefit the organization and its
stakeholders.

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What is Marketing Management?


Marketing management is the
art and science
of choosing target markets
and getting, keeping, and growing
customers through
creating, delivering, and communicating
superior customer value.

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What is Marketed?

Goods (products)

Services

Events

Experiences

Persons

Places

Properties

Organizations

Information

Ideas

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Marketing Can Promote Ideas

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Selling is only the tip of the iceberg


There will always be a need for
some selling. But the aim of marketing is to
make selling superfluous. The aim of
marketing is to know and understand the
customer so well that the product or
service fits him and sells itself. Ideally,
marketing should result in a customer who
is ready to buy. All that should be needed
is to make the product or service
available.
Peter Drucker
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The Basic Profit Equation

Profit =

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The Basic Profit Equation

Profit = Revenues Costs

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Figure 1.1 Structure of Flows in


Modern Exchange Economy

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Figure 1.2
A Simple Marketing System
A.K.A. The Exchange Process

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Core Concepts

Needs, wants, and


demands
Target markets,
positioning,
segmentation
Offerings and
brands
Value and
satisfaction

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Marketing channels
Supply chain
Competition
Marketing
environment
Marketing planning

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Needs. Wants. Demands.


Needs - states of felt deprivation including physical needs
for food, social needs for belonging and individual needs
for self-expression.
i.e. I am thirsty.
Wants - form that a human need takes as
shaped by culture and individual personality.
i.e. I want a Coca-Cola.
Demands - human wants backed by buying power. i.e. I
have money to buy a Coca-Cola.

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Target Markets,
Positioning & Segmentation

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Offerings and Brands

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Value and Satisfaction

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Marketing Channels
Communication
Distribution
Service

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Broad Marketing Environment


Demographic

Economic

Political-legal

Technological

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Socio-cultural

Natural

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Company Orientations
Production
Product
Selling
Marketing

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Holistic Marketing

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Performance Marketing

Financial
Accountability

Social Responsibility
Marketing

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The Marketing Mix


The Four Ps

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The New Four Ps


People
Processes
Programs
Performance

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Marketing Management Tasks

Develop market strategies and plans


Capture marketing insights
Connect with customers
Build strong brands
Shape market offerings
Deliver value
Communicate value
Create long-term growth

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