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Katipunan Before the

Revolution
Prepared by:
Ernest Nathan L. Nogales
I-OPAL

Establishment
of the

Katipunan

On July 7, 1892, the


same date Rizal was exiled
to Dapitan, Andres
Bonifacio, Valentin Diaz,
Teodoro Plata, Ladislao
Diwa, Deodato Arellano,
and a few others, met
secretly at a house on
Azcarraga (now Claro M.
Recto avenue).

Establishment
of the

Katipunan

They founded an
association called
Kataastaasan
Kagalang-galang na
Katipunan ng mga
Anak ng Bayan
(KKK), or Katipunan
for short

Aims of
Katipunan
To unite the Filipinos into a solid nation
To win Philippine independence by
means of revolution

Recruitment
B
They first used the triangle method on
recruiting members
Later on, since the triangle method was
slow, Bonifacio allowed them to recruit as
many members as possible
The First Edition of Kalayaan (the
Katipunan newspaper) also helped a lot in
recruiting more members.

Membership
There were 3 grades of members:
Katipon lowest class
Recruitment of more members will turn
him into a Kawal
Kawal middle class
If elected as an officer, he becomes a
Bayani
Bayani highest class
Officer

Membership
The 2 factions of the Katipunan are
Magdalo and Magdiwang.
When the war broke out they made flags
different from each other.
They also had an argument that led to
the Tejeros Convention.

Membership
Gregoria de Jesus
Josefa Rizal

Womens Chapter of the Katipunan


They were limited to only the wives, daughters, or
relatives of the members of the Katipunan. They
served as the watch during meetings of the
Katipunan.
Prominent women were Josefa Rizal: President,
Gregoria de Jesus: Vice President, Marina Dizon:
Secretary, Angelica Rizal Lopez: Fiscal.

Secrecy

In order to remain secret, they made different codes


and countersigns
Codes
Countersigns: When two members meet on the
road, one member will put his right palm on his
chest and the other member will close his hand such
that the index finger and thumb touch each other.

First Code
of the
Katipunan

J
K
L
LL
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y

L
K
J
N
V
I
C
P
E
R
S
S
X
M
W
U
Y

Last code
used during
the Tejeros
convention

Spanish
Alphabet

R
S

O
V

A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
LL
M
N

Katipunan
Alphabet
D
C
B
A
H
G
F
E
L
K
J
I

N
M
LL
R

Flags of the
Katipunan
Official Katipunan
Flags

Official Flags
Personal Flags

Flags of the
Katipunan

Official Flags
Personal Flags

Official Flags

Magdalo Factions Flag

Magdiwang Factions flag

Naik_Mil Agreement Flag

Flags of the
Katipunan

Official Flags
Personal Flags

Personal Flags

Bonifacios Flag

Gregorio Del Pilars Flag

Flags of the
Katipunan

Official Flags
Personal Flags

Personal Flags

Pio Del Pilars Flag

Llaneras Skull

Rizal and
the
Katipunan

Rizal and the


Revolution

The Katipunan was founded on the day


Dr. Rizal was exiled
Bonifacio sent Dr. Pio Valenzuela to
Dapitan to ask for Dr. Rizals opinion about
the Revolution

Dr. Pio Valenzuela

Rizals
answer

Rizal and the


Revolution

Rizal said that a revolution without


sufficient arms should not be started
against an armed nation. He suggested
that they should find a way so that the elite
of those times will join the Katipunan.
But Dr. Pio Valenzuela reasoned out that
it would be difficult to make the elites join
the poor. This was one problem Rizal was
not able to find a solution.

Katipunan
led the
Revolution

Sources and References:


1. Agoncillo, Teodoro A. and Guerrero,
Milagros C., History of the Filipino People
2. Zaide, Gregorio F, Philippine History and
Government