You are on page 1of 28

NATO SfP-983828

SEISMIC UPGRADING OF BRIDGES IN SOUTH-EAST EUROPE BY INNOVATIVE


TECHNOLOGIES

Serbian partners:
Prof. dr R. Folic, dr Z. Brujic, M. Boskovic
Macedonian partners: Prof. dr D. Ristic, J. Ristic

Experimental Testing of Large Scale Bridge Model


Incorporating Innovative Energy Dissipation Device
of Space Bars
FINAL WORKSHOP
NEUM, BOSNIA & HERZEGOVINA : SEPTEMBER 12TH TO 14TH, 2013

BRIDGE MODEL
GEOMETRY

Rigid lower RC structure (two


parts)
Separate upper slab, 30 cm
depth
Model length:
830 cm
Supported length:
520 cm
Model width:
150 cm
Approximate scale:
1:9

Lower structure weight: 122.3


kN
65.5 kN + 56.8 kN = 122.3
kN
Upper slab weight: 82.5 kN
Two mid-columns:
Steel
Different height
RC slab above

BRIDGE MODEL
GEOMETRY

BRIDGE MODEL

DEVICE
OVERVIEW

Energy dissipation device


8 curved bars (components) fixed at their ends
Relative horizontal displacement of top and bottom plates
Bending, shear, torsion
Equal behavior in all horizontal directions
Employs plastic behavior along curved bars

TESTING PROGRAM
CONTENTS

Part 1 Quasi-static tests


Part 1-A Components
Different orientation
Different bar diameters
Part 1-B Devices
Different bar diameters
Part 2 Shaking table tests
Different excitations
Different records
Compressed/uncompresse
d
Different intensities
Different devices

All tests have been carried out


during first 3 months of this year
Part of much more extensive
experimental program, which had
involved several different
innovative energy dissipation
devices

QUASI-STATIC TESTS
TESTING PROGRAM
COMPONENTS
Bar diameters:
14
16
Bar orientations ():
= 000
5001-E1
= 045 & = -045 5001-E2
= 090 & = -090 5001-E3
= 135 & = -135 5001-E4
= 180
5001-E5

DEVICES
Bar diameters:
8 x 14 5002-E1
8 x 16 5002-E2

QUASI-STATIC TESTS
SETUP

bridge model was used


4 double spherical rolling bearings
1 device
device does not carry any vertical load

QUASI-STATIC TESTS
LOADING PROTOCOL

displacement controlled, increasingly cyclic


displacement increase/decrease: ~1.3 mm/s
driven by one hydraulic jack, centric
displacement applied to upper slab
load applying system was supported by lower structure
duration of protocol: about 11 min

QUASI-STATIC TESTS
LOADING PROTOCOL

QUASI-STATIC TESTS
DOUBLE SPHERICAL ROLLING BEARINGS

QUASI-STATIC TESTS
DOUBLE SPHERICAL ROLLING BEARINGS - MEASUREMENTS

QUASI-STATIC TESTS
Component testing: 5001-E1 - MEASUREMENTS

1 component
ALPHA = 000
welded

QUASI-STATIC TESTS
Component testing: 5001-E5 - MEASUREMENTS

1 component
ALPHA = 180
Not welded

QUASI-STATIC TESTS
Component testing: 5001-E2 - MEASUREMENTS

2 components
ALPHA = 045
Not welded

QUASI-STATIC TESTS
Component testing: 5001-E4 - MEASUREMENTS

2 components
ALPHA = 135
Not welded

QUASI-STATIC TESTS
Component testing: 5001-E3 - MEASUREMENTS

2 components
ALPHA = 90
Not welded

QUASI-STATIC TESTS
Device testing: 5002-E1 - MEASUREMENTS

16 components
Not welded

QUASI-STATIC TESTS
Device testing: 5002-E2 - MEASUREMENTS

14 components
Not welded

SHAKING-TABLE TESTS
TESTING PROGRAM

2 devices
One at each end support
4 double spherical rolling bearings
Two at each end support
Excitation orientation: 45

SHAKING-TABLE TESTS
TEST SETUP

SHAKING-TABLE TESTS

SHAKING-TABLE TESTS
EXCITATIONS

Functions:
Sine sweep
El-Centro Record
Landers Record
Northridge Record
Petrovac Record

Time Scale:
Compressed:
Uncompressed:

Intensities (PGA):
0.30 G
0.75 G

0.333
1.0

Shaking table:
Size:
5.0 x 5.0 m
Payload:
40 t
Max. frequency: 80Hz
Deg. of freedom: 5

SHAKING-TABLE TESTS
DATA ACQUISITION POINTS

SHAKING-TABLE TESTS
50002 - MEASUREMENTS

NUMERICAL ANALYSIS PROGRAM


CONTENTS

Part 1 MICRO-MODELING
Part 2 MACRO-MODELING

MICRO MODELING
Why?
Separate device behavior
Define analytical model of device
Problems:
Device is complex
Connections behavior
Nonlinear
Multi parametric
Result:
Nonlinear link element for macro
modeling

MACRO MODELING

Mach with shaking table test


results
Link element verification
Modeling