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RGMO test on 5th April 2010

A K KAUL
NAGENDRA

Fundamentals
It is desired that the operating frequency is
maintained in Grid at 50Hz.
From Grid point of view
If frequency is less than 50 Hz

Generation < Connected Load


If frequency is greater than 50 Hz

Generation > Connected Load

Droop Calculation
5% Droop means, 5% of rated frequency
corresponds to full load of the machine.
For 250 MW unit
5% of 50 Hz = 2.5 Hz.
2.5 Hz ~ 250 MW.
Thus a machine of 250 MW size will drop
load of 250 MW if frequency is 52.5 Hz

Droop Characteristics
Machine with 5% droop characteristics for 500 MW Unit
MW
+500 MW

frequency

50 HZ
47.5 HZ

-500 MW

52.5 HZ

Various Frequency Influence Modes


We can have three different mode of
Frequency Influence
Primary Frequency Influence
Free Governing Mode of operation (FGMO)
Restricted Governing Mode of operation
(RGMO)

Primary Frequency Influence


To maintain Grid frequency at 50 Hz, all Generating
stations should have primary frequency influence On
and do correction as below: If frequency is less than 50 Hz

then all generating units should pickup load


automatically as per the droop set for that machine.
If frequency is greater than 50 Hz

then all generating units should drop load automatically


as per the droop set for that machine.

FGMO
Reference Center Frequency is floating in
49.0 to 50.5 Hz band, depending upon
previous stable frequency.
The load correction are based on this
frequency set point, hence it is possible to
have load drop even at 49.5 Hz if there is
sudden frequency increase.

FGMO

FGMO

RGMO
Try to maintain Grid frequency at 50 Hz in power deficit
environment, all Generating stations should have load
correction based on frequency as follows: If frequency is less than 50 Hz

no correction to be applied.
If frequency is greater than 50 Hz

generating units should drop load automatically as per


the droop set for that machine.

Frequency Influence at Trombay


In the present power deficient scenario in
India, it is not possible to maintain the grid
frequency exactly at 50Hz.
So the primary frequency influence is
normally kept OFF.
However for Tata Grid we have made
special provision to have controlled
frequency correction during ISLANDING.

Frequency Influence in Unit 5 & 6


MW
Time delay of 30 secs
in Positive quadrant
+100 MW
50 HZ
49.5 HZ

-500 MW

51.5 HZ

frequency
54 HZ

Frequency Influence in Unit 8


MW
Time delay of 15 secs
in Positive quadrant
+50 MW
50 HZ
49.5 HZ

-250 MW

51.5 HZ

frequency
54 HZ

Implementation in Unit 6

FGMO Circuit in U5 & U8

FGMO Circuit in U5 & U8

ISLANDING Circuit in Unit 5 & 8

EHTC Blocks

Implementation in Unit 5 & 8


Frequency influence can be switched on
whenever required.
Automatically gets OFF if GCB opens or
load less than 15MW (Unit 5) / 5MW
(Unit 8).
Protection ON in case of islanding.

CERC Recommendation for


RGMO
39. In the present scenario of deficit, it is not desirable to
have any frequency response from generators by
reducing generation when frequency is rising towards 50
HZ from a lower level. Reduction of generation would be
necessary when frequency is already above 50 Hz and
tends to rise further. Therefore, suitable control logic
would have to be developed to limit the governor
response to situations when frequency is rising and
the grid frequency is below 50 Hz. Such a situation
could be called a restricted governor mode
operation and not total FGMO. However, this does not
exempt the generators from getting the free governor
mode into operational state for use when required.

WRLDC RGMO Test Guidelines

WRLDC RGMO Test Guidelines

WRLDC RGMO Test Guidelines

WRLDC RGMO Test Guidelines

RGMO test on 5th April 2010


As per WRLDC Order Generators above
250 MW were to switch on the frequency
influence in order to test the unloading of
generators when the frequency goes above
50 Hz. Below 50 Hz there should be no load
correction applied by frequency Influence
circuit.

Changes done in Unit 6 for


RGMO
BL075 R3 Pot adjusted to
change Ref voltage from -5 to
0 VDC

BL075 R4 Pot adjusted to


change Ref voltage from 0 to
1.7 VDC

Island
Condition
initiated in
CCA04 L073
(1A)

Changes done in Unit 5 & 8 for


RGMO

Function Generator - 51 modified


to have +100 MW to -100 MW (+50
to -50 MW in U8) correction for
+30 RPM (Sp-Act) to -30 RPM (SpAct) Error

ATAG 55 Range Limit Changes


Original 0 to +100 MW (0 to +50 U8)
Revised -100 to 0 (-50 to 0 U8)
Correction above 50 Hz only applied.
Integrator - 54 Integration limits
increased to +/- 100 MW (+/-50 U8)
and Integration Time Constant T set
to 1 sec. (Original 15 Sec)

RGMO test on 5th April 2010


P correction on load set point was limited to
2MW(from 10MW) Unit 5.
Switched on the frequency influence in Unit 5
& 8.
Switched on frequency influence by
simulating ISLANDING Contact in Unit 6.

Test result of Unit 6

Test result in Unit 6

Test result in Unit 5

Test result in Unit 5

Test result in Unit 8

Test result in Unit 8