10 views

Uploaded by andrewsource1

hello world

- Pythagorean Proof Project
- proof in mathematics education
- Dialectics of the fable
- Alan Musgrave - Logicism Revisited
- 136 Lecture Slides 1 Post
- C. Pickover - The Math Book
- Jaakko Hintikka - A Revolution in the Foundations of Mathematics 1997
- Model pemikiran Geometri Van Hiele
- Chapter 1 Fundamentals of Algorithmics
- 02_eddy_mind
- Schliesser, (Ed.)-Sympathy_ a History-Oxford University Press (2015)
- Freemasonry and the Transmission of Geometry
- Article Mathematics(WHOLE NUMBERS)
- math and logic
- Russell_and_Godel.pdf
- (Perspectives in Logic) Henk Barendregt, Wil Dekkers, Richard Statman-Lambda Calculus With Types-Cambridge University Press (2013)
- What not to do
- Vasco_sFundamentals+11-02-2011
- Toward Methodological Foundation of the Dialogue Between the Tecnosicietigfics and Spiritual Cultures -2004
- FregeAndKant

You are on page 1of 45

motions are observed at

different places?

(

)

conditions?

XX (

)

Archimedes (

; 287 B.C. - 212 B.C.)

(1654 - 1722)

Gauss ( ;

1777-1855), German

mathematician

Lincoln ( ;

18091865)

The Mathematical

Universe

Text 11b: Euclid, Elements

Core Question:

science so unique?

science emerge in

Western civilization?

science was not as advanced as

Needham believed.

2. Two of the factors that led to the

emergence of modern science in

Western civilization were

the close relationship between

science and religion.

the two revolutions that led to

ancient Greek science and Newtonian

physics.

1.

This lecture

Principia

and Elements

Nature of western science

1. Mathematical

2. Axiomatic

Text 11a

Newton: Principia

(1687)

Text 3a

Remember?

Newtons Principia, and

one of the translators: Cohen,

(The Birth of a New Physics)

Text 3b

I. Bernard Cohen (1914-2003)

Principia

(Text 3b)

Definitions

I. Quantity of mass

II. Quantity of motion

III. Inertia

IV. Impressed force

V. Centripetal force

VI.

Principia

(Text 3b)

Axioms ( )

1. Law 1 (First Law of Motion)

2. Law 2 (Second Law of Motion)

3. Law 3 (Third Law of Motion)

conceived, an axiom is a premise so evident as to be accepted as

true without controversy.

Wikipedia, axiom (24 November 2012 at 21:47)

Principia

(Text 3b)

Corollary ( ) 1:

A body acted on by [two] forces acting jointly

describes the diagonal of a parallelogram in the

same time in which it would describe the sides

if the forces were acting separately.

axio

m

It is given that

(Eq. 1)

where A is a constant. By putting Eq. 1 into Newtons Laws

Corollary;

compare with

observations

(Text 11b)

Elements

(Text 11b)

they were simply to be accept.

Para. 12 (Text 11a)

Definitions

Postulates

A system of

mathematics

Principia (1687)

Definitions

Axioms

A system of mechanics

-- by Raffaello Sanzio in 15091510

Socrates

Pythagoras

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_School_of_Athens

Raphael

Euclid

( 14831520),

an Italian painter

Ptolemy?

19

1. Mathematical

Elements

Euclid:

Born: unknown. Died: unknown.

Elements: 13 books, 465

propositions.

~300 BC, the oldest

mathematics book.

Text 11a

Pythagoras

not

in history. In fact, Aristotle talked

about Pythagorians but not

Pythagoras.

The entire universe is governed by

integers and their ratios.

All things are built up from atoms,

which are countable and indivisible.

Pythagoras difficulty

irrational numbers (those cannot be

expressed as ratios of integers). The

concept of atom was undeveloped for

Platonic solids

According to geometry, there are only

five regular polyhedrons ( ).

They perhaps corresponded to

different elements.

astronomer and astrologer

(1596)

27

2. Axiomatic

What is a proof?

Axioms

Logical

steps

A proposition ( ) is

correct if it can be

proved.

An example of proof

Are these numbers: 1110,

7890, 3417 divisible by 9?

Proposition:

Any 4-digit integer is divisible by 9 if the

sum of the 4 digits is divisible by 9.

An example of proof

Proof:

Rewrite X in terms of its digit values, i.e.,

d

divisible by 9

digits is divisible

by 9, then X is

divisible by 9

Another example

Different

of different polygons.

Memorize all?

Basic: Triangle

All

triangles.

Know how to calculate the area

of a triangle can prove other

formulae.

Text 11a

(Dunham)

A compass (but

collapsible)

line to construct an equilateral triangle.

Given a length as the radius, can I

draw two identical circles?

Wai

t

er

b

em

m

Re

Elements

(Text 11b)

another place.

Draw a

circle

(Postulate 3)

Transfer a length to

another place.

But how to transfer

a length? Read Text

11a, Para. 19-28

Draw a circle

(Postulate 3)

Easier or Unnecessary

Further assumption: the

compass stays open after

drawing a circle.

axio

m

It is given that

(Eq. 1)

where A is a constant. By putting Eq. 1 into Newtons Laws

assume the Earths orbit is elliptical?

Corollary;

compare with

observations

Why?

Text 11a

Accept as facts:

- Earth is

spherical

- Earth is rotating

rises

Explain different

stellar motions are

observed at different

places.

(

)

XX (

)

43

Think about it

Do

important? Why or why not?

What

unique?

Is

imagination by humans?

Enjoy reading

45

- Pythagorean Proof ProjectUploaded byNicholas Yates
- proof in mathematics educationUploaded byMOLINA
- Dialectics of the fableUploaded byGabrielGauny
- Alan Musgrave - Logicism RevisitedUploaded byKarl Andersson
- 136 Lecture Slides 1 PostUploaded byMrApex
- C. Pickover - The Math BookUploaded byGiulia
- Jaakko Hintikka - A Revolution in the Foundations of Mathematics 1997Uploaded byTietri Santos Clemente Filho
- Model pemikiran Geometri Van HieleUploaded byNurul Ain
- Chapter 1 Fundamentals of AlgorithmicsUploaded bypeterbill
- 02_eddy_mindUploaded byRahul Arora
- Schliesser, (Ed.)-Sympathy_ a History-Oxford University Press (2015)Uploaded byKrisztián Pete
- Freemasonry and the Transmission of GeometryUploaded byQuincy Robinson
- Article Mathematics(WHOLE NUMBERS)Uploaded byMohamad Zulhilmi Hussin
- math and logicUploaded byPablo Oscar Cayuela
- Russell_and_Godel.pdfUploaded byNarasimma Pallava Dudesim
- (Perspectives in Logic) Henk Barendregt, Wil Dekkers, Richard Statman-Lambda Calculus With Types-Cambridge University Press (2013)Uploaded byjanellekwan
- What not to doUploaded byRaluca Muresan
- Vasco_sFundamentals+11-02-2011Uploaded byNomvelo
- Toward Methodological Foundation of the Dialogue Between the Tecnosicietigfics and Spiritual Cultures -2004Uploaded byAndrés Hernández Hernández
- FregeAndKantUploaded byNarasimma Pallava Dudesim
- Incompleteness Theorems HT 2012Uploaded byneotonian
- Lecture 23Uploaded byJames Yang
- GeomUploaded byInactiveAccount
- Concentration of Measure and Isoperimetric Inequalities InUploaded byapi-24646577
- teaching experiments lesson plan templateUploaded byapi-282906321
- Discrete StructuresUploaded byQASIDU
- 2663-7224-2-PBUploaded byLuminous Hallow
- Bernoulli Elemente PreprintUploaded byregect
- McpainUploaded byVivek Parmar

- F5Math1011E1P1 SolUploaded byandrewsource1
- Assignment 1. QusetionUploaded byandrewsource1
- AppI ReplySlip Non-localUploaded byandrewsource1
- 20160907103639477Uploaded byandrewsource1
- Maths Ex 123!@#abcUploaded byandrewsource1
- DSE12 Compulsory P1E Set2Uploaded byandrewsource1
- Hw2 Suggested Solution(1)Uploaded byandrewsource1
- 00-2098CUploaded byandrewsource1
- PlainUploaded byandrewsource1
- 1347_s12_ms_1Uploaded byandrewsource1
- SylUploaded byandrewsource1
- 15.5 Intersection of a Straight Line and a CircleUploaded byandrewsource1
- 1345014045_MIA2E_QB_1BCh11_FS_eng_Uploaded byandrewsource1
- Japan Maths ExamUploaded byandrewsource1
- Chapter 9 CommentsUploaded byandrewsource1
- OutputUploaded byandrewsource1
- Finance Chapter 12Uploaded byandrewsource1
- Chapter 0Uploaded byandrewsource1
- Finance Chapter 18 (Suited)Uploaded byandrewsource1
- Finance Chapter 13 (Suited)Uploaded byandrewsource1
- Finance Chapter 12 (Suited)Uploaded byandrewsource1
- F.1 Estimation and Measurment Drilling ExUploaded byandrewsource1
- hw1Uploaded byandrewsource1
- 20160126134328558Uploaded byandrewsource1
- Congruence and SimilarityUploaded byandrewsource1
- note2Uploaded byandrewsource1
- Ch4 suppl2 (1)Uploaded byandrewsource1
- Finance Chapter 13Uploaded byandrewsource1
- Ch4 suppl0Uploaded byandrewsource1

- BiodiversityUploaded byRaslia
- Soldaduras CarrilesUploaded byjavier
- sharpen the sawUploaded byapi-250074062
- Syllabus Inxhinieri e WebitUploaded byenco123enco
- Teach Yourself Unix System Administration in 24 HoursUploaded byraam030
- 10th_achiever Jsunil TutorialUploaded bymukesh_2009
- 16320270 TIBCO EMS Guidelines and Standards v1Uploaded bysubashreddi
- Aqa Mfp4 Qp Jun14.UnlockedUploaded bywill bell
- ppt on embedded systemUploaded byashish
- Essential DrugsUploaded byZarish Iftikhar
- Triola Formula SheetUploaded bytempundergrad
- 39587hg2309290fnvjnwy200909Uploaded byOrockjo
- Geosphere ReportUploaded byKenneth Navia Guillermo
- air_safety_investigation_2018-nov.pdfUploaded byDaniel Anibal Gomez
- H7800 ENGUploaded byDawn Lumbas
- An Extended Privacy Calculus Model for E-Commerce Transactions.,_ISR,_2006Uploaded bydburnama
- C088 Settlement Prod Cost Collector CollectiveUploaded bysharadapurv
- ch4595Uploaded byMohammad Ali Nekooie
- All Files Section 7 Quiz Database Design OracleUploaded byNistor Andreea Maria
- Cárdenas Mejía, Juan Pablo (pp. 79-109)Uploaded byRicardo Cabrera
- Programming Guide - Zelio Soft 2Uploaded byBahru Din
- The Merciad, April 16, 2008Uploaded byTheMerciad
- Radiation Protection Bushong Study GuideUploaded byAsha6842
- Hand Test PDFUploaded byRachelle Correa Espela
- BSI Annex SL WhitepaperUploaded byFarhan Shariff
- Communication Research PaperUploaded byMs. Elle May
- UF Sparse Matrix Collection - HB GroupUploaded bythecodefactory
- McKinsey Quarterly Q3 2014Uploaded bykaltsturm
- lansiaUploaded byeko anggoro
- The 100 Failure Modes of Lubrication and Lubrication Programs, Pt. 1 - UE SystemsUploaded byAH S