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SENGKETA PELANGGARAN DIPLOMATIK

TERHADAP TINDAKAN SPIONASE OLEH
DIPLOMAT AMERIKA SERIKAT DI NEGARA
VENEZUELA

Sarah Farida Ainun (135120407121004)
Yoska Rini Dhara Anindhita (135120407121029)

terdapat sebuah kasus atase Angkatan Laut Kedutaan Besar Amerika Serikat di Venezuela yang dituduh melakukan praktik matamata atau spionase di Venezuela dengan berkedok misi diplomatik TOP N O I P SECRET S E ! ! E O F IN RMA !A G TION!! • Tindakan mata-mata atau spionase yang merupakan istilah dalam internasional yang merujuk pada tindakan-tindakan untuk memperoleh data atau hal-hal yang bersifat rahasia tanpa izin dari pemilik yang sah dari informasi tersebut. “Bagaimana Kasus Spionase yang merupakan pelanggaran diplomatik yang dilakukan oleh perwakilan diplomatik Amerika Serikat di negara Venezuela menurut Konvensi Wina tahun 1961 ?” .Pada tahun 2006.

Grata VENEZUEL A Atase AL John Correa Respon SPIONAS E Jenny Figueredo Frias Wakil Menlu Mari Pili Hernandez . Permasalahan Overview 2006 AS Persona non.

in : (a) representing the sending State in the receiving State.Konvensi Wina 1961  Tugas dan Fungsi perwakilan diplomatik dan konsuler Pasal 3 Konvensi Wina yang menjelaskan bahwa : “The functions of a diplomatic mission consist. within the limits permitted by international law. inter alia. andconditions reporting there (d) ascertaining by all lawful means and on to the Government the sending State. developments in the receiving State. (d) ascertaining by all lawful means conditions and (c) negotiating with the Government of the receiving State. and developing their economic. cultural and scientific relations. (b) protecting in the receiving State the interests of the sending State and of its nationals. (e) promoting friendly relations between the sending State and the receiving State.” . there on to developments in the receiving of State. and reporting the Government of the sending State.

either recall the person concerned or terminate his functions with the mission. notify the sending State that the head of the mission or any member of the diplomatic staff of the mission is persona non grata or that any other member of the staff of the mission is not acceptable.”  . as appropriate.Konvensi Wina 1961 Persona non-Grata Pasal 9 Ayat (1) “The receiving State may at any time and without having to explain its decision. the sending State shall. A person may be declared non grata or not acceptable before arriving in the territory of the receiving State. In any such case.

tetapi sebelum mengajukan ke ICJ pihak bersengketa dapat melakukan penyelesaian dengan cara arbitrase dan konsoliasi seperti yang diatur pada :  .Konvensi Wina 1961 Diluar Mekanisme Persona non-Grata Optional Protocol Concerning Compulsory Settlement of Disputes of Viena Convention on Diplomatic Relation 18 April 1961 Setiap pihak yang berselisih dapat mengajukan permohonan untuk penyelesaian sengketa ke International Court of Justice (ICJ).

within a period of two months after one party has notified its opinion to the other that a dispute exists. either party may bring the dispute before the Court by an Pasal 13 Ayat (1) : application.” . to resort not to the International Court of Justice but to an arbitral tribunal. either party may bring the dispute before the Court by an application. If its recommendations are not accepted by the parties to the dispute within two months after they have been delivered.Konvensi Wina 1961  Optional Protocol Pasal 2 : “The parties may agree.” “The conciliation commission shall make its recommendations within five months after its appointment. After the expiry of the said period.

and thereby they achieve great results .THANKYOU It is only the enlightened ruler and the wise general who will use the highest intelligence of the army for the purposes of spying.