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BRUSH-LESS DC MOTOR




• Group Members
SYED AHMED SHAH SP12-BCE-052
M.UMAR IFTIKHAR
SP12-BCE-034
FAREEHA AZAM
SP12-BCE-033
AHSAN RAZA
SP12-BCE-009

INTRODUCTION:

• What is Brushless DC motor?
• Why we use brushless DC motor?

• Structure




Components of BLDC
Working of BLDC
Uses
Advantages
Disadvantages

• Brushes and commutator are removed in BLDC motor. . it runs on DC power source but don’t have commutator and Brushes.WHAT IS BLDC MOTOR? • As its name indicates.

long life. • For e.g. smooth torque delivery. on high altitude. we experience low air pressure.WHY WE USE BLDC? • When our power source is DC like that of automobiles and aircraft we use DC motor. • superior efficiency. in aircraft. which cause brush wear that is very bad which results in maintenance of brushes even after less than one hour. and high speed operation .

• No brushes in BLDC so no Sparking and no brush wear and no replacement of brushes . • High speed DC motors causes increased brush wear. .DIFFERENCE B/W BLDC AND DC • Excessive sparking and brush wear. • Small in size so compensating poles cannot be placed to minimize armature reaction which causes sparking which is dangerous.

An electronic circuit to control the phases of the rotor winding. A stator with a three-four or more phase windings. . A rotor position sensor.COMPONENTS OF BLDC • • • • A permanent magnet rotor.

STRUCTURE OF BRUSHLESS MOTOR .

DIAGRAM: .

The stator magnetic field Br points up producing a counter clockwise torque on the rotor. . • When a coil is turned on it produces a stator magnetic field Bs and a torque is produced on the rotor given by • T(ind)=kBr x Bs • Which tends to align the rotor with the stator magnetic field. As a result the rotor will turn to the left.WORKING OF BLDC • A BLDC motor functions by energizing one stator coil at a time with a constant dc voltage.

WORKING PRINCIPLE: .

WORKING PRINCIPLE .

WORKING PRINCIPLE: .

WORKING OF BLDC • If the coil a remained energized all the time . • The key to the operation of a brushless dc motor is that it includes a position sensor . then it would stop . . so that the control will know when rotor is almost aligned with the stator magnetic field. just like a stepper motor. the rotor would turn until the two magnetic field were aligned.

.WORKING OF BLDC • The position sensor is used to switch the energized stator coil whenever the rotor is almost aligned with it . keeping the rotor rotating a speed set by the control electronics.  Electronic control controls speed and direction of the motor.

1500rpm and above. . They are alternative known as "projected pole" type of rotors. • Non-salient pole rotors are generally used in application which operate at higher speeds.WORKING OF BLDC • Salient pole rotors are used in application with speeds from 100 to 1500rpm. The prime movers in these • applications are generally gas or steam turbines.

• With the electromagnets on the stator. they are very easy to cool. it's more precise. The computer can also factor the speed of the motor.USES • Because a computer controls the motor instead of mechanical brushes. • There is no sparking and much less electrical noise. • You can have a lot of electromagnets on the stator for more precise control. . • There are no brushes to wear out. This makes brushless motors more efficient.

Less RF noise as compare with the dc motor.ADVANTAGES • • • • • Relatively high efficiency.000 rpm) . Very high speeds are possible (greater than 50. Little or no maintenance . Long life and high reliability.

DISADVANTAGES • The only disadvantage of a brushless motor is its higher initial cost as compare with the brush dc motor but you can often recover that cost through the greater efficiency over the life of the motor • Blushless DC motor are available only in small size . .up to 20W.

RELATION B/W SPEED AND TORQUE .