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Chapter 14 | Cabral Callos Mangala Estanislao Jose Garcia Gines Perez | BF 2Y

AGRICULTURE AND
LAND REFORM

Agriculture Sector
in the Philippines

It provides necessary human & natural


resources which gives potential to
government.
Philippine agriculture plays a vital role
in the economy.
Philippine crops are palay, corn,
coconut, sugarcane, banana,
pineapple, coffee, mango, tobacco and
abaca.
Other crops which help to diversify
agriculture are peanuts, cassava,
camote, tomato, garlic, onion,
cabbage, eggplant, calamansi, rubber,

Livestock, poultry and fishery make up


the rest of components in agriculture.
The country is predominantly rural
(70%) and 2/3 of the population
depends on farming for their livelihood.
33% encompass agriculture
employment.

Agriculture and
Fishery
Modernization Act
Republic(AFMA)
Act 8435 or Agriculture
and Fishery Modernization Act of
1997
To modernize the agriculture and
fishery sectors to make them
competitive in the market.
Modernizing agriculture is the
way by which farmers can have
better income.

Technology-based,
advance and
competitive
industry
Equal
assets,

resources and
services
Guarantee food
security
Farmer & fisher
folk groups to
bond together
for more
bargaining
power
Strengthen
organization by
enhancing
participation in
decision-making
Pursue an
aggressive
market-driven
approach

INTENDS
TO
ACHIEVE

Stimulate further
processing of
agriculture
products and
make it more
marketable
Invite more
investors to
establish
business in the
country

PRINCIPLES
Poverty
alleviation &
social equality
Food security
Global
competitiveness
Rational use of
resources
Sustainable
development
People
empowerment
Protection from
unfair
competition

Importance of
Agriculture
1. Main source of employment
2. Sources of food supply and
raw materials
3. As a market for the products
of industry
4. As a source of foreign
earnings
5. As an additional resource to
other sectors in the economy

Agrarian Reform
Changes that are sought in the
land tenure system, but goes
beyond the question of land
rights
Agrarian reform covers:
*Distribution of land to
cultivators
*Security of tenure and fair
system of rental
payments

Land Reform
Land redistribution is an aspect
of agrarian reform.
Features of Land Reform
*Redistribution of land
*Provision of land to landless
tillers
*Provision of greater security for
land tenants on the lands
they
cultivate.
*Reduction of exorbitant rents,
when
they are present.
*Provision of a land size ceiling

Comprehensive
Agrarian Reform
Program
RA 6657 signed (
byCARP)
Pres.

Corazon Aquino on June 10,


1988
Purposes:
*to alleviate the welfare of the
landless farmers/ farm workers
who will receive the highest
consideration
*to promote social justice
*to move the country toward
sound rural development and

Coverage of
1. All alienable and disposable
CARP
lands of the public domain
devoted to or suitable for
agriculture.
2. All lands of the public domain in
excess of the specific limits as
determined by Congress.
3. All other lands owned by the
government devoted to or
suitable for agriculture
4. All private lands devoted to or
suitable for agriculture
regardless of the agricultural

Land
1. Agricultural
lessees
and
share
Distribution
tenants
2.
3.
4.
5.

Regular farmworkers
Seasonal farmworkers
Other farmworkers
Actual tillers or occupants of
public lands
6. Collectives or cooperatives of
the above beneficiaries
7. Others directly working on the
land

Beneficiaries of the
Program
o Willingness
o aptitude
o ability to cultivate and
make the land as
productive as possible.

Payment by
Beneficiaries
o Paid to the Land Bank of
the Philippines in 30
annual amortizations at
6% interest rate per
annum

Transferability of
Awarded Lands
o No beneficiaries shall sell,
transfer or convey the land
awarded to him within the
period of 10 years, except
to his heirs, to the
government or to the LBP.
Any transfer in violation of
said provision is

Funding Sources
o Agrarian Reform Fund under Sec
20 & 21 of Executive Order No.
229
o Proceeds of sales of assets
Privatization Trust
o Assets recovered and from sales of
ill-gotten wealth
o Proceeds of disposition of the
properties of the government in
foreign countries
o Portion of amounts accruing to the
Philippines from all sources of
official foreign aid grants and

Support Services to
the Beneficiaries
1. Land surveys and titling
2. Liberalized terms on credit
facilities and production loans
3. Extension services way of
planting, cropping, production and
post-harvest technology transfer
4. Infrastructure
5. Research, production and use of
organic fertilizers

Functions of Barangay
Agrarian Reform
Participate
and give(BARC)
support
Committee

1.
2. Mediate and reconcile or arbitrate
between parties
3. Assist in the identification of
qualified beneficiaries
4. Attest to the accuracy of the initial
parcellary mapping of the
beneficiary's tillage
5. Assist in the initial determination of
the value of the land
6. Assist DAR representatives
7. Coordinate the delivery of support
services to beneficiaries

BARC is Composed
1. Representative/farmer/farm
Of
worker beneficiaries
2. Non-beneficiaries
3. Agricultural cooperatives
4. Other farmers organization
5. Barangay council
6. Non-government organization
7. Landowners
8. Land bank of the Philippines
9. DA official assigned to barangay
10.DENR official assigned to
barangay
11.DAR agrarian reform technologist

Government
Agencies Involved
1. Land Management
Bureau
(LMB)
in
CARP
2. Dept. of Agrarian Reform (DAR)
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.

Dept. of Agriculture (DA)


Land bank of the Phil. (LBP)
Register of Deeds
Board of Investment (BOI)
Regional Trial Court (RTC)
Environmental Management Bureau (EMB)
Dept. of Justice (DOJ)
Dept. of Envi. and Natural Resources (DENR)
Pres. Com. On Good Government (PCGG)
Agrarian reform Committee (ARC)
Executive Committee (ExCom)
BARC
Provincial Agrarian Reform Coordinating Com.
(PARCCom)