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PPT Series for Technology Principle

HSDPA Principle

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E-mail :×××
WCDMA Product Planning Dept.
ZTE Marketing System

© 2007 ZTE Corporation

HSDPA - High Speed Downlink Packet Access
 HSDPA is a new technology introduced in R5

 Goal: To provide a packet-oriented wireless

broadband access service with high performance
price ratio, high downlink bandwidth and short delay

 3GPP R5 standards are frozen in June, 2006

HSDPA High Performance Price Ratio
 Downlink peak rate of single cell: 14.4Mbps
 Multi-user share of single cell, with 230
users in theory
 Low cost : Small modification to R99


 Small modification to R99/R4 structure

HSDPA insists on the concept of smooth


evolution. HSDPA is the enhancement of R99
structure with the newly added MAC-hs layer to


achieve HARQ, scheduling and AMC. It also adds
three dedicated channels on the physical layer.

 Improve the system capacity by applying new


Share channel transmission-Fast Scheduling

Shorter TTI - Fast retransmission and soft

Link Adaptive - Permitting High order modulation



Good technical
evolution of WCDMA !

M*10*2 bits (k=4) Slot #0 Slot#1 Slot #2 1 HS-PDSCH subframe: T f = 2 ms Physical Channel Slot Format Channel Channel BitRate Symbol Rate 0(QPSK) 480kbps 240kbps 16 1(16QAM) 960kbps 240kbps 16 Slot format #1 SF Bit/HS-DSCH Sub- Bits/Slot Ndata 960 320 320 1920 640 640 frame  HS-PDSCH can use QPSK or 16QAM modulation. For example. HS-PDSCH doesn’t carry any layer 1 signaling. M is the bit represented by each modulation symbol.HS-PDSCH Physical Channel Structure Data Ndata 1 bits HS-PDSCH Frame Format k Tslot = 2560 chips. 3 . M=2 stands for QPSK and M=4 stands for 16QAM.  All layer1 signaling are transmitted by affiliated HS-SCCH.

Agenda  HSDPA Theory  HSDPA Physical Layer  HSDPA Key Technologies  HSDPA RRM  HSDPA Evolution .

providing higher 16QAM Fixed SF16.HSDPA Introduced Key Technologies 1 ① Adopt 2ms short frame. ⑤ HARQ quickly adjust the channel rate Fast Scheduling AMC 5 according to the status of radio link and achieve the error correction and 6 retransmission of the data. HARQ Shared channel 5 . 2ms short frame 3 modulation efficiency ③ AMC makes the data transport well 4 adaptive to the changes of radio channels ④ Fast scheduling makes multi-user share the radio resource. ⑥ Shared channel makes the number of access users not limited by the code resources. fixed SF. TDM 2 and CDM between the users at the same time ② Introduce 16QAM high order modulation.

3Slots) Earlier releases 10 ms 20 ms 40 ms 80 ms  Share channel resources are dynamically assigned in every 2ms TTI  HARQ fast feedback retransmission based on 2ms TTI  2ms TTI makes scheduling response much faster and in time Decrease the loop time effectively.5 Slots ) Continuous feedback supported. HS-DPCCH) 2 ms “sub-frames” (2560 chips/slot.Key Technology 1 - 2ms radio frame Rel 5 (HS-PDSCH. improve the link adaptive ability highly Standard Frame length Channel feedback delay R99 10ms >100ms Scheduling feedback is in RNC 5ms ( 7. R5 still support the 10ms frame of R99 HSDPA 2ms Remark 6 . HS-SCCH.

Key Technology 2 - 16QAM  HSDPA Modulation  QPSK  16QAM 7 .

long delay Node B Node B UE Packet A UE Packet A1 Drop Full Retransmission CK A N Wrong Packet A Packet A Reserved Only retransmit redundant info CK A N Wrong Packet A1 Packet A2 Packet A1 K AC Packet B Packet A K AC Packet B Packet A2 Soft Combination 8 . short delay Low efficency. retransmission HARQ.Key Technology 5 - HARQ Traditional ARQ. retransmission mechanism in Node B mechanism inRNC High efficency.

Key Technology 6 - Shared Channel 10ms Dedicated UMTS R99 DCH1 DCH2 DCH3 Code Multiplexing “Shared fat-pipe” HSDPA Shared HS-DSCH Time Multiplexing TTI = 2ms User1 User2 User3 Saved for Other Users TTI: Transmission Time Interval 9 .

4 537.Comparison of HSDPA and R99/R4 Item R99 HSDPA Capacity ( Mbps ) 2.6 2795.2 Frequency spectrum efficiency (kbit/(MHz*Cell)) Hard handover / Soft handover / Handover Softer handover / Intersystem handover (to GSM) Hard handover in HS-PDSCH Open loop / Close loop / external loop Low speed power control or no power Fast speed/ Low speed control in HS-PDSCH Modulation QPSK QPSK ; 16QAM Link Adaptive Fast power control/ soft handover Bit Scramble and Descramble N/A Only used in HS-PDSCH MAC-hs N/A Used for fast scheduling Power Control AMC 、 HARQ 、 short frame and fast channel feedback HSDPA R99/R4 HSDPA is to adjust data rate according to channel condition when ensuring the power ( Constant power , Changing data rate ) R99/R4 is to adjust power according to channel condition when ensuring service rate ( Constant data rate.688 14. changing power ) 10 .

RNC Radio Resource Management Summary Assignment of HSDPA resource for each cell Service amount measurement/ Dedicated measurement Dynamic radio carrier control Code resource management HSDPA HSDPA channelization scrambling code code Channel Assignment Channel Handover DPCH Channel Handover Power control HSDPA total power resource management Load balance Access control channelization code Power resource management User resource assignment and management Physical channel power control Mobile management R4 Dedicated measurement Handover measurement Common Measurement HSDPA Common Measurement Congestion control Load control 11 .

configuration Measurement Power Offset HS-SCCH Power control Support open loop and internal loop power control HS-SCCH Power Offset can be dynamically adjusted HS-DPCCH Power control Support open loop and internal loop power control. UE determine the transmission power of HS-DPCCH according to gain factor HS. configuration ACK . HS-SCCH and HS-DPCCH : HS-PDSCH Power control Support open loop power control.Power Control HSDPA Physical control includes: HS-PDSCH. its transmission power is determined by DPCCH.  For HS-DPCCH.NACK and CQI , and can be dynamically adjusted according to link status  HS-PDSCH and HS-SCCH dynamically adjust HS-PDSCH and HS-SCCH total power according to the resource occupancy of system excluding HS-PDSCH and HS-SCCH. 12 .

access control of HSDPA is different than the access control of dedicated channel. 13 . interactive. background services and the working feature of HS-DSCH must be fully considered.  During the access control.Access Control Node B support HSDPA UE support HSDPA Power resource Access Decision HSDPA Access control Number of HSDPA user Data throughput carried by HSDPA DPCH channelization code resource  Because HS-PDSCH physical channel is shared resource. The high speed feature of HS-DSCH shared channel must be fully developed during the access control. the characteristics of streaming.

Dynamic Radio Carrier CS real time service Choose DCH Cell support HSDPA Channel Assignment Prefer FACH and HS-DSCH PS non-real time service Choose FACH and DCH Cell does not support HSDPA PS real time service Choose DCH and HS-DSCH 14 .

When the reassignment of Same frequency service cell change inside Node B  Similar with the change of same frequency service cell inside Node B  The difference is that only one Node B are controlling. MAC-hs entity of UE needs to be reset and UE MAC-hs entity of Node B does doesn’t receive HSDPA service channel. The HS-DSCH transport channel and radio carrier parameter do not change during the handover procedure. then establish the same HS-DSCH resource as old cell in the new cell of Target Node B. time of radio link reassignment of Node B. instantaneously during the reassignment time. Thus physical channel is valid.HSDPA Channel Handover HSDPA handover includes service cell change and channel handover of HS-DSCH Same frequency service cell change between Node B  First release the HS-DSCH resource of the old cell of source Node B.  UE execute reassignment of physical channels.  Correspond to perform hard handover for HS-DSCH. 15 . the valid time of physical channel The two Node Bs are not transmitting at this time. At the valid time. the MAC-hs entity But the service is interrupted at of Source Node B releases and the MAC-hs entity of Target Node B establish. So the service is interrupted reassignment. not change and MAC-hs entity of  The valid time of physical channel reassignment of UE corresponds to the valid UE does not need to be reset.

Load Trigger 3. Congestion Trigger HS-DSCH  PCH DCH  DCH 1. Traffic Trigger 2. Congestion Trigger 1. Traffic Trigger 16 .Channel Handover Transfer Figure HS-DSCH  DCH HS-DSCH  FACH 1. gg er 1. Transmission Power Trigger 3. Movement Trigger DCH DCH  FACH 1. Traffic Trigger 2. Traffic Trigger 2. f 2 T Tr af Tr ad af . o fic 1 L Tr 2. Traffic Trigger 1. Traffic Trigger 2. Traffic Trigger 2. Congestion Trigger FACH r ge PCH 1. Traffic Trigger ig Tr on c i ti f r af ges r ge T n g i er Tr 1. fic af Tr 1. Movement Trigger HS-DSCH FACH  PCH 1. i 1. Co c rigg i . Traffic Trigger r ge g i Tr r ge ig Tr 1.

 The resource of HSDPA is shared and utilized in the maximum.  Decrease load : The policy of decreasing load is decreasing the speed. It guarantees high-priority user can be always assigned resources.HSDPA Congestion Control  HSDPA congestion control means how to mitigate resource congestion under the condition of HSDPA system resource congestion. HS-DSCH resource congestion includes:  Limited HS-DSCH traffic  Data through congestion  Code resource congestion of accompanying DPCH channelization code Congestion control method of HSDPA  Occupy in advance Queue Decrease load HSDPA resource adjustment Improve call success rate. Increase system capacity Power resource congestion Resource congestion  Occupy in advance : When resource is congested. Thus the method of congestion control is slightly different from R99 cell. the high-priority user can occupy the resource in advance from the low-priority user.  Queue : The users who has no ability to occupy in advance but has the queue ability can be put into the queue and try to access the resource again. That is to decrease the rate of users who has high background or interactive services for spare resources  HSDPA resource adjustment : Adjust the code resource or power resource of HSDPA to meet the requirements of users 17 .

the difference between HSDPA and R99 is only at the downlink.HSDPA Load Control The goal of load control is to guarantee the system stability. Decrease overall power of HSDPA and packet scheduling can avoid the overload of the resources induced by suddenly user power increasing when the wireless Overload but can not avoid the situation that the system is overload Decrease PS data throughput environment is deteriorated. The policy of decreasing load includes :  Decrease usable power of HSDPA : Its ultimate goal is decreasing the PS data throughput. then the access control needs to adopt load control to let the system to be stable. Thus radio resource management Delete macro diversity link Ensure the system stability If the system is appropriately planned. 18 .  Force some low-priority users to drop their calls.  Forced handover to another carrier or GSM system : Inter-frequency handover and intersystem handover can be used as the method for load transfer to decrease the load of overload cell. Thus only the downlink load control method is described here. Forced handover For the load control.  Delete macro diversity link : Decrease the radio link of overload cell to decrease the load.  Decrease PS data throughput : Decrease the PS data rate on DCH.

accompanying the transfer between HS-DSCH and DCH  Update in congestion control  Update in load control 19 . Affect the selection of load balanced destination cell and later handling. the related HSDPA physical channels are added.  Add load balancing characteristics for cells.Influence of HSDPA to R99 RRM Algorithm  By introducing HSDPA.. eg. Thus R99 RMM algorithm is needed to be upgrade :  Add special handling of HS-PDSCH and HS-SCCH code resource management  Add access control method of HS-DSCH  Add power control method of HSDPA  Add dynamic radio carrier control policy after introducing HS-DSCH  The introducing of HSDPA cell and handover characteristics of HSDPA physical channel affect the mobile handover decision policy and handling.

Agenda  HSDPA Theory  HSDPA Physical Layer  HSDPA Key Technologies  HSDPA RRM  HSDPA Evolution .

It is developed from mobile voice service to high speed data service.5G. commercial R5 version and trial R6 version can be provided now. For WCDMA. 21 . It is estimated that R7 will be finalized on 2007 and R8 will be finalized on 2008.  3GPP is working on the standards of R7/HSPA+ and R8/LTE.Mobile Communication Development  Mobile communication is developed from 2G→3G→3.  The development of radio technology pays more attention to the requirement of operator — NGMN organization proposed the system development goal.  Currently it is developed to 3.9G.

5G 2. 75G 3G WCDMA R99 GPRS 3.Mobile Communication Technology Evolution 2G GSM 2.9G LTE HSPA+ CDMA2000 1X EV-DO EV-DO Rev.5G HSDPA 3. 75 G HSUPA EDGE IS-95 CDMA 2000 1X 3. B AIE CDMA2000 1X EV-DV 22 . A EV-DO Rev.

… …) ) Broadband radio Broadband radio IP based wideband IP based wideband Peer to Peer Peer to Peer NGMN NGMN Optimized OptimizedUMTS UMTS Enhanced EnhancedUMTS UMTS 3G 3G GSM(GPRS/EDGE) GSM(GPRS/EDGE) 23 .WCDMA Roadmap Year 2002-3 64-144kbps 2003-4 2005-6 64-384kbps After 2009 2007-9 384kbps-4Mbps 384kbps-7Mbps 20-50Mbps DL throughput GSM GSM GPRS/EDGE GPRS/EDGE 3G 3G R99 R99 3G+HSDPA 3G+HSDPA Downlink Downlink Enhanced Enhanced 3G 3G HSDPA/HSUP HSDPA/HSUP AA Downlink/Uplink Downlink/Uplink Enhanced Enhanced NGMN NGMN( (LTE. LTE.