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CHAPTER I

History of Language Teaching


DR. Syafrizal, M.Pd.

Adopted from Mackey, Richards and

Rodgers = the Development of language


teaching
Before the Nineteenth Century
from the Roman Empire when the
Romans studied Greek as their second
language
Finally European learn FL and think about
language teaching method= teaching of
Latin and it became international
language

Teaching Latin grammar Di Marinis

(1953)
Teaching FL suggested by Czech
Educator, Jan Comenius(1631), used
imitation, repetition, plenty of practice
(reading and speaking)
The school was to translate from SL into
M
The coming of GTM providing LL with
texts based on simple sentences,
grammatical features

Karl Plots (1819-81). 2 parts of

methods:
1. rules and paradigms
2. Sentences for translation into and
out of the SL

After the Nineteenth


Claude Marcel advocated the abolition of

translation and grammar rules and the


teaching first through comprehension of
texts
He suggested that abundant listening,
reading simple and familiar material,
speaking and writing.
Natural approach, Heness (1866), LL learns
a FL in the same a child learn FL

Phonetics Method or Reform Method, Gouin and


Vietor: using spoken language, providing
descriprive phonetics, thorugh gestrures and
pictures

The methods might have risen to the Direct

Method
DM developed in Germany and took a form of
Eclectic Method, the combination between DM
and GTM
In England, DM forms into GT Approach
In Belgium, DM forms into Natural Method

Current Method
ALM
Silent Way, Gotegno
CLL, Curran
TPR, Asher
Suggestopedia, Lozanov
CLT

APPROACH, METHOD AND


TECHNIQUE

Anthony: Approach is the level of


theories, method is the plan of
language teaching which is
consistent with the theories,
techniques carry out a method

An approach is a set of correlative

assumption dealing with the nature


of language and teaching:
Structural view, functional view,
interactional view

Writing Articles Assignment:


1.Teaching Grammar for children class
2.Teaching Writing by using
communicative approach
3.Using games to improve speaking skill
4.Teaching listening for Teenagers
5.Concept of application of English
Curriculum 2013
6.Designing materials for teaching
speaking skill

7. Developing teachers competencies in 4


language skills
8. 4 competencies for enhancing teachers
professionalism
9. Other suggested title should be consulted

HOW TO WRITE THE ARTICLE


THE REPORT WILL BE LIKE THIS:
1.IT CONSISTS OF 4 CHAPTERS: INTRODUCTION,
SUPPORTING THEORIES, DISCUSSION, CONCLUSION,
AT LEAST 5 R
2.THE FIRST CHAPTER (1-2 papers): IT DEALS WITH
THE RATIONALE OR SOME JUSTIFICATION OF WHY
THE TOPIC IS NECESSARY TO BE DISCUSSED,
PROBLEMS (GAPS BETWEEN THE REAL AND THE
THEORIES), PERSONAL ASSUMPTIONS, BRING THE
REAL EXAMPLES, STATE THE PROBLEMS YOU WOULD
DISCUSS AND DISCOVER

Second chapter (3-4): it discuses about the

theories related to the title or topics or the


questions you are asking in the 1 st chapter:
concept of teaching, concept of grammar,
Teaching English 4 children, procedures for
teaching.
3rd chapter: Discussion (2-3), in this part, you
need to discuss a lot of problems deal with the
questions: you have to connect with the
theories youve been discussed before.

Conclusion: 1-2 papers, you conclude


based on the questions you have,

Quotation:
1.Direct Quotation ( 1 space)
e.g: Setiadi (2001; p.19) (not more than
20 sentences: when a language
teacher is very dominant, language
learners will be less dominant...
1.Indirect Quotation

Output
Indirect Quotation:
paraphrasing, concluding, narrating,
describing, evaluating, discussing, etc.
Send through my email:

sharpresult2005@yahoo.co
m

REPORTING PAPER

Chapter I. Introduction
Chapter II. Content of Discussion
Chapter III. Conclusion
Chapter IV. Personal remarks

~ Thank you ~