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Solid Waste Management

Waste- Definition & Classification
Any material which is not needed by the
owner, producer or processor.

Domestic waste
Factory waste
Waste from oil factory
Construction waste
Agricultural waste
Food processing waste
Bio-medical waste
Nuclear waste

Solid Waste .

Classification of Wastes • Solid waste. • Metal waste. TV. • Liquid waste. music systems etc. metal scraps etc. • Nuclear waste. household waste etc.unused metal sheet.plastic bags. buckets etc.unused materials from nuclear power plants . thermal power plants • Plastic waste.vegetable waste. kitchen waste.water used for different industries eg tanneries. bottles. distillaries.discarded electronic devices like computer. • E-waste.

2 million tonnes of hazardous waste • One Sq km of additional landfill area every-year • Rs 1600 crore for treatment & disposal of these wastes • In addition to this industries discharge about 150 million tonnes of high volume low hazard waste every year. which is mostly dumped on open low lying land areas.Solid Waste in India • 7. Source: Estimate of Ministry of Environment & Forest .

New Delhi .Growth of Solid Waste In India • Waste is growing by leaps & bounds • In 1981-91. an increase of 67% • Waste collection is very low for all Indian cities • City like Bangalore produces 2000 tonnes of waste per annum.3 million • During the same period.2 million to 12. the ever increasing waste has put pressure on hygienic condition of the city Source: The Energy & Resources Institute. municipal solid waste has grown from 3200 tonnes to 5355 tonne. population of Mumbai increased from 8.

glasses.Waste Collection in India • Primarily by the city municipality -No gradation of waste product eg bio-degradable. polybags.Sophisticated DWM (Delhi Waste Management) vehicle . paper shreds etc -Dumps these wastes to the city outskirts • Local raddiwala / kabadiwala (Rag pickers) -Collecting small iron pieces by magnets -Collecting glass bottles -Collecting paper for recycling • MCD.

How solid waste affected us in recent years? • Cloudburst in Mumbai (2005) clogged the sewage line due to large no. which blocks the food movement in their stomach . of plastic bags • Blast in the Bhusan Steel factory at Noida. caused due to imported scrap from Iran • Reduction in the number of migratory birds due to consumption of contaminated foods • Stray animals dying on streets and farmland due to consumption of plastic bags.

to dump into developing countries .Hazardous / Toxic Waste & Dumping Site • Industrialised countries have waste management problems • Developed countries have strict environment regulation norms • Most attractive option for them.

Cargo ship returned back to US .Philadelphia’s Municipal Waste • 16 years journey for the cargo ship to eleven countries and four continents • 25.000 tonnes of flyash came back to Philadelphia’s garbage dump • Several government refused cargo ships • In 2002.

00.Major Polluting Industries in India • Around 2500 tanneries discharge 24 million cu m of waste water containing high level of dissolved solids and 4.000 tonnes of hazardous solid waste • 300 distilleries discharge 26 million kilolitres of spend wash per year containing several pollutants • Thermal power plants discharge huge waste materials .

Collection & Recycling of Waste Materials .

Managing Waste Recycling: Processing of a waste item into usable forms.considerable saving in cost -Making paper from waste saves 50% energy -Every tonne of recycled glass saves energy equivalent to 100 litres of oil . Benefits of recycling: -Reduce environmental degradation -Making money out of waste -Save energy that would have gone into waste handling & product manufacture Saving through recycling: -When Al is resmelted.

cost of recycling is too high. .Recycling not a solution to all problems! Recycling is not a solution to managing every kind of waste material For many items recycling technologies are unavailable or unsafe In some cases.

matter & energy circulate within • System was not designed to be so • The system of exchange evolved in 10 years .Solution: More Profit With Zero Waste • Exchanging output that are considered waste • Waste of one could be input or raw material for others • Evolving a closed system.

Problems in Dealing With Solid Waste • Education & voluntary compliance • Collection of waste • Technological interventions • Institutions & regulatory framework • Absence of mandatory standards for waste reduction • Market action for waste reduction Source: The Energy & Resources Institute .

TERI Projections on Waste Generation In India .

org/international/news/ghost-ship-121205 French aircraft carrier Clemenceau .http://www.greenpeace.

2005. a place where environmental regulations are lax and workers' rights are practically nonexistant • In most shipbreaking nations proper waste management is absent. Ghost ship nobody wants • 27. And where rules exist. • Basel Convention (1989) is an international treaty which prohibits the export of hazardous waste from rich to poor countries • Greenpeace raised awareness campaigned against the ship in India as well as in France • French President Chirac has announced a dramatic recall of the asbestos-laden warship Clemenceau . and other toxic chemicals • Indian scrapyard of Alang (Bhavnagar district. Clemenceau. PCBs.000-ton warship full of asbestos. There are no rules and regulations.French aircraft carrier Clemenceau • December 12. they're unlikely to be enforced. Gujarat) . lead. mercury. • .greenpeace.References • Environmental Studies -R Rajagopalan • www.teri.

Presentation By Group 13 • • • • Praful Ranjan Rajat Kumar Rakesh Panda Rohit Arya Roll No.-28 Roll No.-33 Roll No.-34 Roll No.-40 .