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CALCULATOR TECHNIQUES

SEMINAR

BY:
ENGR. JOSE LORENZO D.
BUCTON

CALCULATOR TECHNIQUES
-IS THE MAXIMUM UTILIZATION OF A
CALCULATOR TO SOLVE
ENGINEERING PROBLEMS WITH
SPEED AND EXACTNESS
-ENGR. ROMEO TOLENTINO

MODES IN USE

STAT
VECTOR
COMPLEX
EQUATIONS
TABLE
MATRIX

APPLICATIONS
ALGEBRA
LINEAR REGRESSION
TRIGONOMETRY
REGRESSION ANALYSIS
ANALYTIC AND SOLID GEOMETRY MATRIX ALGEBRA
CALCULUS
STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS
VECTOR ANALYSIS
DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS
LATERAL EARTH PRESSURE
CENTROIDS
HYDROSTATIC FORCE
THREE MOMENT
EQUATION
BEAM DEFLECTIONS
MOMENTS OF INERTIA
SHEAR AND MOMENT DIAGRAMS
DESIGN OF STEEL CONNECTIONS
AND MANY MORE

ALGEBRA
AT WHAT TIME BETWEEN 4 AND 5 O
CLOCK ARE THE HANDS OF THE
CLOCK
A.) OPPOSITE TO EACH OTHER
B.) COINCIDENT
C.) AT RIGHT ANGLES

OPPOSITE TO EACH OTHER

SOLUTION (CONVENTIONAL)
x
180 x ( 120)
12
x
180 x 120
12
3600 60 min s
600
x
(
)
11
360
11
x 54.545 min s
time : 4 : 54 : 32.73

COINCIDENT

SOLUTION (CONVENTIONAL)
x
120 x
12
1440 60 min s 240
x
(
)
11
360
11
x 21.818 min s
time : 4 : 21 : 49.09

RIGHT ANGLE (1

ST

TIME)

SOLUTION (CONVENTIONAL)
x
120 x 90
12
360 60 min s
60
x
(
)
11
360
11
x 5.4545 min s
time : 4 : 05 : 27.27

RIGHT ANGLE (2

ND

TIME)

SOLUTION (CONVENTIONAL)
x
90 x (120 )
12
2520 60 min s 420
x(
)(
)
11
360
11
x 38.18 min s
time : 4 : 38 : 10.91

CALCULATOR TECHNIQUE
INITIAL CONDITION (4:00)

FINAL CONDITION (5:00)

MODE STAT
A+BX
DATA INPUT:
X (HOUR)

Y
(MINUTE
S)

-120

210

A.)OPPOSITE TO EACH
OTHER:

C.)RIGHT ANGLE (1ST


TIME):

ENTER: 180X
TIME:45432.73
4:54:32.73
B.)COINCIDENT:

ENTER: -90X
TIME:4527.27
4:05:27.27
D.)RIGHT ANGLE (2ND
TIME):

ENTER: 0X
TIME:42149.09
4:21:49.09

ENTER: 90X
TIME:43810.91
4:38:10.91

ALGEBRA
FIND THE TERM IN THE ARITHMETIC
PROGRESSION 4,7,10:
A.)30TH TERM
B.)56TH TERM

SOLUTION (CONVENTIONAL)
GIVEN:

SOLVING FOR d:

a1 4

d an a1

a2 7

d 74
d 3

a3 10
an a1 ( n 1)( d )
a30 4 (30 1)(3)
a56 4 (56 1)(3)
a56 169

CALCULATOR TECHNIQUE
MODE STAT:(A+BX)
X

3
10

A.)FOR 30TH TERM:


ENTER: 30Y
=91

B.)FOR 56TH TERM:


ENTER: 56Y
=169

TRIGONOMETRY:

a2 b2 c2
cos A
COSINE LAW:
2bc
a b A c;a c Ab
CALTECH VARIATION:

TRIGONOMETRY:

SINE LAW:

a
b
c

sin A sin B sin C

SINE LAW TECHNIQUE:


MODE 5:1:
a

c
c

Cos(B)
Sin(B)

Cos(A)
0

TRIGONOMETRY
FIND THE SIDES OF a
AND b:

SOLUTION (CONVENTIONAL)
C 180 A B
C 180 92 53
C 35
5.1466
a
5.1466
b

sin(35) sin(53) sin(35) sin(92)


a 7.166
b 8.967

CALCULATOR TECHNIQUE
SINE LAW TECHNIQUE:
MODE 5:1:
a
Cos(92)

b
Cos(53)

c
5.1466
0

Sin(92)

-Sin(53)

a=7.166
b=8.976

TRIGONOMETRY
FIND SIDE c:

SOLUTION (CONVENTIONAL)

c 2 a 2 b 2 2ab cos(C )
c 7.26 2 9.03932 2(7.26)(9.0393) cos(35)
c 5.1867

CALCULATOR TECHNIQUE

c 7.2635 9.0393 5.1867


or
c 9.039335 7.26 5.1867

PRISMATOID TECHNIQUE

h2

v ( A Bx Cx 2 )dx
h1

NOTE: COEFFICIENTS OF A, B AND C


ARE DERIVED FROM STAT MODE:_+Cx

FIND THE VOLUME OF THE SHADED


SECTION INDICATED IN THE FIGURE:
USING
STAT MODE:_+Cx^2
X

1.8214
10.4222
2
3.6428

h2

( A Bx Cx

) dx

h1

1.8214

2
(
A

Bx

Cx
) dx 3.83714

1.4480

A=0; STORE TO A
B=11.44419;STORE TO B
C=-3.14159;STORE TO C

AREA OF CIRCULAR
SEGMENT
A 2 Dx x 2 dx,0, h,0.001
NOTE: PROGRAM CALCULATOR TO
MODE LINE 10

FIND THE AREA OF THE CIRCULAR


SEGMENT INDICATED IN THE FIGURE:

A 2 Dx x 2 dx,0, h,0.001
A 2 3.6428 x x 2 dx,0,0.7323,0.001
A 1.49484

LATERAL EARTH PRESSURE


A RETAINING WALL 8M HIGH SUPPORTS A COHESIONLESS SOIL AS SHOWN IN THE
PROFILE WITH A SHEAR RESISTANCE OF 33. THE SURFACE OF THE SOIL IS
HORIZONTAL AND LEVEL WITH THE TOP OF THE WALL. NEGLECT WALL FRICTION
AND USE RANKINES FORMULA FOR ACTIVE EARTH PRESSURE ON A COHESIONLESS
SOIL.
A.)DETERMINE THE TOTAL EARTH THRUST ON THE WALL IN Kn/m IF SOIL IS DRY.
B.) DETERMINE THE TOTAL EARTH THRUST ON THE WALL IN Kn/m IF SOIL IS
WATERLOGGED 3.5m BELOW SURFACE.
C.)DETERMINE LOCATION OF LATERAL THRUST DURING WATERLOGGED CONDITION.
D.)DETERMINE MOMENT GENERATED FROM LATERAL THRUST.

SOLUTION (CONVENTIONAL)
1 sin 1 sin 33
Ka

0.2948
1 sin 1 sin 33
1
1
2
Fa K aH (0.2948)(15.696)(8) 2
2
2
Fa 148.1kN

SOLUTION (CONVENTIONAL)
PRESSURES :
P1 K aH
P1 (0.2948)(15.696)(3.5)
P1 16.195 Kpa
P2 K aH
P2 (0.2948)(9.857)(4.5)
P2 13.076 Kpa
P3 H 2O H
P3 (9.81)(4.5)
P3 44.145Kpa

SOLUTION (CONVENTIONAL)
Y COORDINATE :
Y1 4.5

3.5
5.667 m
3

1
( 4.5) 2.25m
2
4.5
Y3
1.5m
3
4.5
Y4
1.5m
3
Y2

FORCES :
1
F1 (16.195)(3.5)(1) 28.34 KN
2
F2 16.195( 4.5)(1) 72.88 KN
1
(13.076)(4.5)(1) 29.421KN
2
1
F4 (9.81)(4.5) 2 99.33KN
2
F3

SOLUTION (CONVENTIONAL)
VARIGNON ' S THEOREM :
FT F1 F2 F3 ...
FT 28.43 72.88 29.421 99.33
FT 229.97 KN
FT Y T F1Y 1 F2Y 2 F3Y 3...
229.97Y T (28.43)(5.667) (72.88)(2.25) (29.421)(1.5) (99.33)(1.5)
YT 2.251m
M 517.70928 KN .m

CALCULATOR TECHNIQUE
PRESSURES :
P1 K aH
P1 (0.2948)(15.696)(3.5)
P1 16.195 Kpa
P2 K aH
P2 (0.2948)(9.857)(4.5)
P2 13.076 Kpa
P3 H 2O H
P3 (9.81)(4.5)
P3 44.145Kpa

CALCULATOR TECHNIQUE
X(YCOORDINATE)

FREQUENCY
(AREA)

DATA :
N 229.971KN

5.667

28.34

2.25

72.88

X 2.25119 m

1.5

29.421

1.5

99.33

X 517.70928KN .m

___

LIQUID LIMIT
THE FOLLOWING RESULTS WERE
OBTAINED FROM A LIQUID LIMIT TEST
ON A CLAY USING THE CASAGRANDE
CUP DEVICE. FIND THE LIQUID LIMIT:
NUMBER OF BLOWS

12

20

28

32

WATER CONTENT %

52.
5

47.
1

42.
3

38.
6

37.
5

SOLUTION (CONVENTIONAL)

CALCULATOR TECHNIQUE
STAT MODE: A+BX:
X-(NUMBER OF
BLOWS)

Y-(WATER CONTENT
%)

20

42.3

28

38.6

INPUT:
25Y
=39.9875%
=40%

3D TRUSS
IF THE CAPACITY OF EACH LEG IS
15KN, WHAT IS THE SAFE VALUE OF
W?
EQUATIONS OF EQUILIBRIUM:

FX 0 MX 0
FY 0 MY 0
FZ 0 MZ 0

CALCULATOR TECHNIQUE:
COORDINATES:
X

POINT
A

0
2.4

0.9

0
1.8

C
0
MEMBER VECTORS:
1.8
D
MEMBE
X
0.9
R

Y
-1.
8
AD 0.9 1.8

Z0

AB

2.4

0.9
1.8

AC

2.4

CALCULATOR TECHNIQUE:

0.9
matA 1.8
2.4

MEMBE LENGT
R
H
AD

3.132

AB

3.132

AC

matAmatB 1

3.132
matB
0

0
0
matC 0
1
0.2873
0.574
0.766

0.2873
0.5747
0.766

0.435
ENTER : matAns 1matC 0.435
0.416

0.6
0
0.8

0.9
1.8
2.4
0
3.132
0

1.8
0

2.4
0
0
3

CENTROIDS AND MOMENTS OF


INERTIA
FROM THE GIVEN
FIGURE,
DETERMINE THE
FOLLOWING:
A.)CENTROID FROM
BOTTOM
AREA AREA
X B.)TOTAL
(CENTROID)
C.)MOMENT OF INERTIA
50+210+20=2
PARALLEL TO X-AXIS
80
80x40=3200
50+0.5(210)=1
55

210x30=630
0

0.5(50)=25

50x200=100
00

CALCULATOR TECHNIQUE
n 19500 AREA
__

X 108.846 CENTROID
n( x ) 177461538.5 STORE ( A)
2

I NA
I NA

80( 40) 3 30(210) 3 200(50) 3


A

12
12
12
203124038.5

CALCULUS
FIND THE DERIVATIVE OF THE GIVEN
FUNCTION:
e
x

y x

SOLUTION :

CHOICES :
A.) x

e x 1

B.)e x x e

(e x ln( x))
x

(e x ln( x ))

C.) x 2 e (1 e x ln( x ))
D.) x e

e x (1 ln( x x ))

y xe

ln( y ) e x ln( x )
y'
1
e x ( ln( x ))
y
x
x
1 x ln( x)
y' e x xe (
)
x
x
dy
x e 1e x (1 ln( x x ))
dx

DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS
THE POPULATION OF THE TOWN GROWS AT THE RATE
PROPORTIONAL TO THE POPULATION PRESENT AT ANY TIME
T. THE INITIAL POPULATION OF 500 INCREASED BY 15% IN
10 YEARS. WHAT WILL BE THE POPULATION IN 30 YEARS?
BOUNDARY CONDITIONS:
P=500;T=0
P=575;T=10

SOLUTION :
dP
kp
dt
dP
p k dt
ln( p ) kt c
e ln p e kt c
p ce kt

A.) p 500; t 0
500 ce 0 k
c 500
B.) p 575; t 10
575 ce10 k
k 0.01397
C.) p 500e 0.01397 t
@ t 30
p 760.4375

STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS

KEY EQUATION:

x2

x1

ya (3L a )da
6 EI
2

KEY EQUATION:
__

6A a

x2

x1

ya( L2 a 2 )
da
L

CANTILEVER BEAM
SOLVE FOR THE DEFLECTION AT C:

x2

x1
10

ya 2 (3L a )da
6 EI

( A Bx) x 2 (30 x)dx



6 EI
0

FOR A+Bx: STATMODE(A+Bx

40000
3EI

40

10

CONTINUOUS BEAM

FOR SPAN AB:


OR THE CONTINUOUS BEAM SHOWN IN THE FIGURE,
ETERMINE THE MOMENT AT B:
X

600

600

FOR SPAN CB:


X

1200

THREE MOMENT EQUATION:


MOMENT AREA AB:
2

MOMENT AREA CB:

( A Bx)( x)(4 x )dx


4200
0
4
2

900(3)(4 3 )
4725
4
4200 4725 8925 store
C
2

( A Bx)( x)(32 x 2 )dx


3780
0
3
3780 store
D

2(4 3)( M B ) (C D )
M B 907.5KN .m

RESULTANT OF FORCES

ND THE RESULTANT OF THE SYSTEM OF FORCES DESCRIBED IN THE FIGURE


D THE ANGLE IT MAKES WITH THE HORIZONTAL:

SOLUTION :
R 4000 200150 300240 300300
R 226.7949192 419.6152423i
R 476.9831097 61.6095305

WELDED CONNECTIONS
FIND THE MAXIMUM
SHEARING STRESS IN
THE WELDED
CONNECTION:

MASTER EQUATION:

T P
R( x, y ) i ( x yi)( )
J
L

J n x y
2

L3

12

WHERE:
T-TORSIONAL FORCE
J-POLAR MOMENT OF INERTIA
P-AXIAL LOAD
-ANGLE WITH X AXIS
L-LENGTH OF WELD

WELDED CONNECTIONS
T
P
R ( x, y ) i ( x yi )( )
J
L

L3
J n x y
12
1503
J 4750000 (3)(
) 5593750
12
T 90( 233.33) 21000kn.mm
2

L n 450mm
P 90kn

270
21000
90270
)
5593750
450
R max 755.0237 kn / mm
R ( x, y ) i ( x yi )(

SOURCES AND
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS:

Mega Review
Review Innovations
Gillesania Review
XU College of Engineering
PICE-XUSC
Tolentino and Associates
Review

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