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# Presentation on

## EARTHQUAKE RESISTANT DESIGN OF LOW-RISE OPEN

GROUND STOREY FRAMED BUILDING

Introduction
Classification of Buildings.
Aim and Objective
Seismic Behaviour of Open ground
storey building

Methodology
Multiplication Factor
Conclusion from research papers
Work I do

Refrence

Introduction
Due to increasing population since the past few
years car parking space for residential apartments
in populated cities is a matter of major concern.
Hence the trend has been to utilize the ground
storey of the building itself for parking.
These types of buildings (Fig. 1.1) having no infill
masonry walls in ground storey, but infilled in all
upper storeys, are called Open Ground Storey
(OGS) buildings.

## Fig 1.1 EXAMPLE OF OGS

Classification of building
Acc to storey
Low Rise building :Upto 3 Stories
Medium Rise Building: 4 to 7 Medium Rise
Building
High Rise Building :Above 7

## Aim and Objective

To study the effect of infill strength .
To check the applicability of the multiplication
factor of 2.5 as given in the Indian Standard IS
1893:2002 for design of low rise open ground
storey building.

## Seismic Behavior of OG/S

Methodology
(i) Review the existing literature and Indian design
code provision for designing the OGS building .
(ii) Select an existing building model for the case
study.
(iii) Model the selected building with and without
considering infill strength/ stiffness.
(iv) Linear analysis of the selected building model and
a comparative study on the results obtained from the
analyses.
(v) Nonlinear analysis of the selected building model
and a comparative study on the results obtained from
the analyses.
(vi) Observations of results and discussions

Analysis
Linear Analysis
Non linear Analysis
Linear Analysis = 1 Seismic Coefficient Method
2 The Response Spectrum Approach
3 Response History Method or
Time History
Method
Non Linear Analysis =Pushover analysis

Linear analysis

## Push over analysis

Magnification Factor
Magnification Factor: It is the ratio of Bending
Moment/Sheer Force of building with infill to
corresponding value of bare frame

## Conclusion from research

papers
From analysis it is clear that there is no effect of
zone on magnification factor.
IS 1893 (2002) recommend magnification factor of
2.5 to be applied on calculated shear force and
bending moment is very high.
The magnification factor (MF) for bending
moment is in the range of 1.06-1.98 for columns
and for beam is in range of 0.92-1.06 of ground
storey. Magnification factor (MF)) for shear force is
in range of 1.42-1.52 for column and for beam is
in range of 0.97-1.07 of ground storey.

Work I do
Validate the magnification factor
Analysis its effect ,if higher values are chosen
Taking provision for opening like door and window
in upper stories.
Make a arithmetic model for response history
analysis.

refrences
[1] Dharmesh Vijaywargoya ,Dr Abhay Sharma and Dr.Vivek
Garg, Seismic response of a mid-rise rcc building with soft
storey at ground floor, International Journal of Science
Engineering and Technology, 2(6), pp. 1065 - 1076. (2014).
[2] Prerna Nautiyal, Saleem Akhtar and Geeta Batham, Seismic
response evaluation of rc frame building with floating column
considering different soil conditions, International Journal of
Current Engineering and Technology, 4(1), pp. 132 - 138.
(2014).
[3] IS 1893 (Part I): 2002 Criteria for earthquake design of
structures part i: general provisions and buildings (fifth
revision), Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi, pp .28
[4] Bhagavathula Lohitha and S.V.Narsi Reddy, Earthquake
resistant design of low-rise open ground storey frame building,
International Journal of Modern Engineering Research.vol.6, pp
79-89.