Related to the attitude, attitude it͛s one of the important
factors that encourage the students succeed in learning
English. As a teacher will be, we should concern to this
phenomena. By having positive attitude, it can appear
positive influence in their learning in classroom. The lesson
will be well accepted, easy to understand and appear good
comprehension. Therefore, we need discuss this case further
and looking for the method or appropriate ways to increase
the positive attitude of the students toward English learning.
Problem Statement
‡ Does the students positive attitude
nurture their foreign language learning
in the classroom context of MA Pondok
Madinah Makassar?
Objective of The Research
‡ The objective of the research is to find
out the students have positive attitudes
toward foreign language learning in the
classroom context of MA Pondok
Madinah Makassar.
Significance of The Research
‡ The result of this research is
expected to be useful information
for the students to nurturing their
positive attitudes toward foreign
language learning in the classroom
Scope of The Reseaich
‡ The scope of the research was
restricted to giving information
about positive attitude and foreign
language learning in the classroom
context especially the first grade
students of MA Pondok Madinah
‡ Previous Related Researches :
- Amahoru (2003) stated that the students
of Sports Science Department of FIK
UNM had positive attitude toward learning
- Hamsiah (2000) stated that the students
had positive attitudes toward learning
English by using students· worksheet, as
the aggregate percentage of the students
got from strongly agree and agree.
Pievious Relateu Reseaiches
‡ Waziruddin Djafar (1994) the students will
have positive attitude toward reading
comprehension lesson in English if the
materials are based on the students
programmers of study and the teachers
have good pedagogue and expertise in
teaching English. The students are
interested in reading comprehension in
English. If the materials are given and the
teachers· performance can engage their
interest to learnt it.
Some Pertinent Ideas
‡ Definition of attitude
Attitude is a hypothetical construction
that represents an individual's degree of
like or dislike for an item. Attitudes are
generally positive or negative views of a
person, place, thing, or event.
Chaiacteiistic of Attituue
‡ Alports and Kertenfield list several important
characteristic of attitude as follows :
± They have an object, that is they tried to do
something, probably because of asset of beliefs we
have about it or we dislike something because we
have different set of beliefs about it.
± Attitude has direction, degree, and commitment.
Direction indicates whether the attitude is positive
or negative.
± Attitude, like beliefs, are learned. We are not born
with attitude toward anything, but we organize them
through direct or indirect experience with the
objects of our attitudes.
Components of Attitudes
‡ Accoiuing to Boinby ሺͳͻͻͶǣʹ͵ሻǡ the attituue can be
uiviueu into two components baseu on the key
woiuǡ thinking anu behavingǤ
± ThinkingǤ
The woiu think has often been consiueieu in
teim of the cognitive component which iefeis to oui
beliefs about objectǡ the amount of positive oi
negative feeling one has towaiu the objectǤ
± Behaving
Behaving is conuucting oneself in the specific
wayǡ way of acting anu functioningǤ
The Measurement of Attitude
‡ Morgan, et al. ( 1979:451-453) the most common way of
measuring attitudes are the self-report method, attitude
scale, public opinion polls and behavioral measures.
‡ Self-Report Method
Self report method includes elaborate attitude
questionnaires or attitude scale, in which a person answer
many questions as well as public opinion polls, in which
many attitudes are sampled by only a few questions on
each issues.
‡ Attitude scale
One way to measure the attitude is called attitude scale.
Attitude scale attempt to determine what an individual
believes, perceives, or feels.
The Measurement of Attitude
‡ Public opinion (attitudes) Polls
In public opinion polling, many people are asked only
of few questions each in order to obtain a rough
indication of attitudes in a large sample of the
population. The question are chosen so that a
person͛s attitudes can be quickly classified whether
favorable, unfavorable or undecided.
‡ Behavioral Measures
Researchers sometimes use behavioral measures of
attitude, especially when there is reason to believe
that people may be either unwilling or unable to
report their own attitudes.
Definition of Learning
‡ Accoiuing to vǤuoouǡሺͳͻͷͻǣ͵ͳ͵ሻ leaining is change
in iesponse oi behavioi ሺsuch as innovationǡ
eliminationǡ oi mouification of iesponsesǡ involving
sounu uegiee of peimanenceሻǡ causeu paitly oi
wholly by expeiienceǡ such expeiience being in the
main consciousǡ but sometimesǡ as is common in
motoi leaining oi in ieaction to uniecognizeu oi
subliminal stimuliǡ incluues behavioi changes in the
emotional shaieǡ but moie commonly iefei to the
acquisition of symbol knowleuge oi motoi skillǡ uoes
not incluue psychologicalǡ changesǡ such as fatigue
oi tempoiaiy sensoiy iesistance oi non functioning
aftei continueu stimulationǤ
Befinition of Classioom
‡ Classroom is meant as a place where the
four perennial factors of teaching and
learning process : teacher, students,
material, and method collectively gather
to get teaching and learning to take place
‡ Attitude is a hypothetical construction
used to explain the direction and
persistence of human behavior. We all
explain behavior by reference to
relatively stable and enduring
disposition in people. Attitude is a way
of thinking and behaving toward
Theoretical Framework
‡ Theoretical framework
‡ Method of the Research
This research used a descriptive method.
‡ Variable and Research Design
This research will use three variables namely students͛
positive attitude, learning English language, and
‡ Research Design
This research applied a descriptive method to find out
the description of the students positive attitude toward
foreign language learning in the classroomcontext.
Chapter iii
‡ Population
The population of this research was the students
of MA Pondok Madinah Makassar.
‡ Sample
This research used census sampling technique,
that is taking the total population: class A and
class B as the sample. The researcher had given
questioner to all samples totaling 40 students.
‡ Instrument of the Research
The instrument of this research was
questionnaire. It consisted 20 questions.
‡ Procedure of Collecting Data
The researcher distributed the questionnaire to the
students and asked them to answer the question given.
The researcher allowed 20 minutes for them to answer
the questions after the researcher gave them
‡ Techniques of Data Analysis
The data were collected through the questionnaire and
analyzed by applyied the following formula :
P = x 100%
( Hatch and Farhady, 1982 : 9 )