 You

will be able to identify the different elements of poetry.  You will become familiar with different types of poetry.  You will be able to identify the different parts of a poem.

 Alliteration

• When two or more words (close together) have

the same initial sound • Peter Piper picked a peck of pickles
 Assonance

• When the middle vowel sound of two words

rhymes • "Old age should burn and rave at close of day; Rage, rage, against the dying of the light." (Dylan Thomas)

 Metaphor

• Used to compare two things but does NOT use

the words like or as. • The man was a mountain in our path.
 Onomatopoeia

• These are words that sound like their meaning

(think of sound effects) • Buzz, moo, woosh, bang

 Repetitions

• The repetition of the same word over and over

again to emphasize meaning.
 Rhyme

• The repetition of sounds in words (either

beginning, middle, or end) • The cat in the hat.

 Rhythm

• The flow of words in each meter and stanza
 Simile

• When you compare two things and use the words

like or as. • The room was as black as night. • The cat was like a statue in the window.

 Style

• The way the poem is written. • Free-style, ballad, haiku, quatrain, etc. • Includes length of meters, number of stanzas

along with rhyme techniques and rhythm.
 Symbol

• Something that represents something else

through association, resemblance or convention.

 Form

• The structure of a poem (number of lines,

syllables, or specific rhyming scheme).
 Theme

• The message, point of view and idea of the poem.

• Usually at the top or beginning of the poem. • It tells what or who the poem is about.

• Every poem is made up of lines. A line of poetry is not

always a whole sentence, nor does it have to be just a single word—unless you choose a traditional form of verse, you are not limited in any way as to how long or how short your lines should be. • Most formal types of poetry dictate that you use a specific number of lines in a specific grouping pattern; however, before choosing a verse form, you should begin by understanding your purpose, what you hope to achieve in writing your poem.

• This is the space left blank in between lines or stanza. • Used to help create a pattern in poetry.

• A stanza is a division of a poem made by arranging the

lines into units separated by a space. • The stanza is another way to group and to place emphasis upon certain thoughts or words. • When writing any poem, you must decide how you want to group each line. Some poems will have a single stanza. Other poems may have many breaks, creating multiple stanzas that are groups of a few lines

 Quatrain:

• A stanza or poem consisting of four lines. In the basic

form, lines 2 and 4 must rhyme while having a similar number of syllables.

The sense of danger must not disappear: (A) The way is certainly both short and steep, (B) However gradual it looks from here; (A) Look if you like, but you will have to leap. (B)  - W.H. Auden

A cinquain is a five line poem.

Line 1: One word (subject or noun)
Line 2: Two words (adjectives) that describe line 1

triangles pointy edges revolving, rotating, angling Triangles are all different. 180o

Line 3: Three words (action verbs) that relate to line 1
Line 4: Four words (feelings or a complete sentence) that relates to line 1

Line 5: One word (synonym of line 1 or a word that sums it up)

Limericks consist of five lines.
• Lines 1, 2, and 5 of Limericks have seven to ten syllables and rhyme with

one another. • Lines 3 and 4 of Limericks have five to seven syllables and also rhyme with each other

Limericks are meant to be funny. They often contain hyperbole, onomatopoeia, idioms, puns, and other figurative devices. The last line of a good limerick contains the PUNCH LINE or "heart of the joke."

A Clumsy Young Fellow Named Tim There once was a fellow named Tim (A) whose dad never taught him to swim. (A) He fell off a dock (B) and sunk like a rock. (B) And that was the end of him. (A)

 Haiku • The 300-year old Haiku Poem has its own distinct

discipline: Each complete poem has only three lines, totaling 17 syllables.
 the first line must be five syllables  the second line must be seven syllables  the third line must be five syllables

Born, we quickly age. but wisdom comes so slowly, young minds never die.

An acrostic poem is very easy to write. It can be about any subject.  Put the letters that spell your subject down the side of your page. When you have done this then you go back to each letter and think of a word, phrase or sentence that starts with that letter and describes your subject.

H ockey is my favorite sport O n the ice or street C ool and fun K eep on playing E xercise and stronger Y ou should try

Bio Poem
• Suggested Bio-Poem Form

Line 1: Your first name Line 2: Who is... (Descriptive words that describe you) Line 3: Who is brother or sister (son or daughter) of... Line 4: Who loves...(three ideas or people) Line 5: Who feels...(three ideas ) Line 6: Who needs...(three ideas) Line 7: Who gives...(three ideas) Line 8: Who fears...(three ideas) Line 9: Who would like to see... Line 10: Who is a resident of... Line 11: Your last name