Space S ace Syntax

A method for describin and analyzing the scribing relationships between spa n spaces of urban areas and buildings. buildin

Object of a ct analysis
Configured space, voids be ids between walls, fences, ... 

rooms Building floorplans - room ric streets, squares, fields Plans of urban fabric ± s

Method Metho 

Redescribed in an abstra abstracted format - Graph Focuses on its topology ology Sociologically relevant as ant aspects can be captured at the topological level vel

Creating a graph ting

Conce oncepts 


Spaces are represented b dots Nodes nted by Relationships of premeab meability by lines Links 

Syntactic step ± direct co rect connection between spaces Depth between two spac ± least number of spaces syntactic steps needed to reach one from the ded other structured so that a specific Justified graph ± restruct space is placed at the bo bottom The root space  

What is a s t space? 

Convex space is a spac where no line betspace ween any two of its point crosses the perimepoints ter. A concave space has to be divided into the ce least possible number of convex spaces. ber Axial space or an axial l line is a straight line (³sight line´), possible to follow on foot. ble Isovist space is the total area that can be e tota viewed from a point. t.  

Convex s nvex space

Axial Space xial Sp

Isovist S vist Space

Syntactic M ctic Measures
Syntactic Measures that ca be calculated from can Space Syntax Graphs phs 

Connectivity Integration Control value Global choice

Connec onnectivity 

Measures the number of immediate neighbors ber that are directly connecte to a space. nnected

Integra tegration 

Measures the average de age depth of a space to all other spaces in the syste system.

Control V ntrol Value 

The degree to which a sp h space controls access to its immediate neighbors bors Takes into account the n t number of alternative ach connections that each of these neighbors has 

Global C bal Choice 

Measure of flow through a space rough A space has a strong cho ng choice value when many of the shortest paths, con s, connecting all spaces to all spaces of a system, p tem, pass through it

Using the m measures 

The spaces of a layout c be ranked according yout can to each of these measure . easures Mapping the rank order b rder back onto the syntactic map gives a picture of sy e syntactic structure. Core set is the most inte st integrating or controlling spaces of a system. Inte . Integration core is the 10% most integrated spaces. aces. Encounter rate is a meas measure of use density, i.e. rrelates pedestrian flow. Correlat to integration measure.   

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