You are on page 1of 287

VALVE TECHNOLOGY

INCENTIVE COURSE
COLLECTION BY
ENGINEER : IBRAHIM AMIN IBRAHIM
CAIRO SAKANAT ELMADDY 2 CANAL
RELEVANT EXPERIENCE
TOTAL 32 YEARS IN GAS OIL FILED / REFINERIES AND
PETROCHEMICAL INDUSTRIES AT GULF COUNTRY /
ITALIA AND EGYPT AS
1- HEAT TRANSFER AND MECHANICAL DESIGN
AT FOSTER WHEELER ITALIAN
2- CONSTRUCTION SUPERINTENDENT.AT EGYPT
3-MAINTENANCE & MAINTENANCE PLANNING
AT KUWAIT NATIONAL PETROLEUM CO.
4-EXPERTS CONSULTANT ENG. AT AL-FURAT
PETROLEUM CO.SYRIA
5- INSTRUCTOR ENG. AT ABU DHABI GAS
LIQUEFACTION CO. (ADGAS)/JOINT OPERATION
KUWAIT WAFRA/ U.A.E WATER& ELECTRICITY
MINISTRY AND OMAN WATER& ELECTRICITY
MINISTRY

December 18,

COLLECTED BY EN

1

Valves Glossary And Technical Term

Valve
Considered as advice which stop
starts or changes direction or
magnitude of fluid flows or its
pressure and temperature
or
A device used to control the flow
of fluid contained in a pipe line.

December 18,

COLLECTED BY EN

2

VALVE TECHNOLOGY Classifying Valves According To
Function

basis for classifying valves according to
function:
VALVE ACTION
EXPLANTION
1

ON/OFF

2

REGULATING

3

CHECKING

4

SWITCHING

5

DISCHARGING

December 18,

STOPPING OR
STARTING FLOW
VARYING THE RATE
OF FLOW
PERMITTING FLOW IN
ONE DIRECTION ONLY
SWITCHING FLOW
ALONG DIFFERENT
ROUTES
DISCHARGING FLUID
FROM A SYSTEM

COLLECTED BY EN

3

Valve Selection Guide

December 18,

COLLECTED BY EN

4

Valve Selection Guide

December 18,

COLLECTED BY EN

5

COLLECTED BY EN 6 .Valve Selection Guide December 18.

FLUIDE CONTROL ELEMENTS December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 7 .

Valve Selection Guide FLUIDE CONTROL ELEMENTS

December 18,

COLLECTED BY EN

8

Valve Selection Guide FLUIDE CONTROL ELEMENTS

December 18,

COLLECTED BY EN

9

Valve Selection Guide FLUIDE CONTROL ELEMENTS

December 18,

COLLECTED BY EN

10

VALVE SELECTION GUIDE

December 18,

COLLECTED BY EN

11

VALVE SELECTION GUIDE

December 18,

COLLECTED BY EN

12

VALVE SELECTION GUIDE December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 13 .

DESIGN & MANUFACTURING: In today's unpredictable economy. especially when there are so many types to choose from .This article will help facilitate the basics of valve selection and give some insight into what might be expected in future valve selection. This description in itself is perhaps sufficient to explain some of the reasons that make valve selection such an arduous task. For many. the selection of valves can become monumental task. but let's ask ourselves five basic question December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 14 . a valve considered as advice which stop starts or changes direction or magnitude of fluid flows or its pressure and temperature.Valve Technology  VALVE SELECTION. It was never easy to begin with. For all practical purposed.

Globe and angle valve disc construction permits closer regulation of flow.THE PRINCIPAL FUNCTIONS OF VALVES STARTING AND STOPPING FLOW This is the service for which valves are most generally used—starting and stopping flow. These valves are seldom used in sizes above 12 inches. December 18.REGULATING OR THROTTLING FLOW Regulating or throttling flow is done most efficiently with globe or angle valves. Their seating design causes a change in direction of flow through the valve body. COLLECTED BY EN 15 . Their seating design. owing to the difficulty of opening and closing the larger valves against pressure. 2. permits fluid to move through the valve in a straight line with minimum restriction of flow and loss of pressure at the valve. thereby increasing resistance to flow at the valve. Gate valves are excellently suited for such service.Valve Technology    1. when open.

COLLECTED BY EN 16 .Component Standards Developers December 18.

Component Standards Versus piping code December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 17 .

Materials & pressure rating December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 18 .

Valve Selection By Valve Types December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 19 .

Gate Valve December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 20 .

GATE VALVE BONNETS December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 21 .

COLLECTED BY EN 22 .GATE VALVE BONNETS December 18.

December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 23 .

COLLECTED BY EN 24 .December 18.

EXTENDED BODY GATE VALVE December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 25 .

COLLECTED BY EN 26 .KNIFE GATE VALVES December 18.

COLLECTED BY EN 27 .Knife gate valves December 18.

COLLECTED BY EN 28 .Valve Attributes December 18.

COLLECTED BY EN 29 .Globe valve December 18.

Globe valve pattern December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 30 .

Needle valve December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 31 .

COLLECTED BY EN 32 .Globe Valve Attributes December 18.

CHECK VALVE December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 33 .

Dual plate wafer check valves December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 34 .

COLLECTED BY EN 35 .Check Valve Attributes December 18.

Check Valve Attributes December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 36 .

P/T RATINGS December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 37 .TYPES VS.

MANUFACTURERS December 18.TYPES VS. COLLECTED BY EN 38 .

BATTERFLY VALVE LOW PRESSURE December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 39 .

BATTERFLY VALVE LOW PRESSURE December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 40 .

BATTERFLY VALVE HIGH PRESSURE December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 41 .

BATTERFLY VALVE HIGH PRESSURE December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 42 .

COLLECTED BY EN 43 .BATTERFLY VALVE HIGH PRESSURE December 18.

BATTERFLY VALVE HIGH PRESSURE December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 44 .

BALL VALVE December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 45 .

COLLECTED BY EN 46 .BALL VALVE December 18.

COLLECTED BY EN 47 .BALL VALVE December 18.

BALL VALVE December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 48 .

BALL VALVE ATTRIBUTES December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 49 .

COLLECTED BY EN 50 .PLUG VALVE December 18.

System temperature: 140deg. COLLECTED BY EN 51 .Page 1 1.butterfly valve chemical seat failure   Page 1 . F December 18.Butterfly Valve Chemical Seat Valve subjected to an unknown cleaning solution.

COLLECTED BY EN 52 . some acids and alkalines.butterfly valve chemical seat failure  Valve Materials: Body-Cast Iron Seat-EPDM (hydrocarbon elastomer) with good resistance to some solvents. Disc-316 Stainless Steel December 18.Page 1 1. alcohol.

December 18. The Stainless disc is unaffected.Page 1 1.butterfly valve chemical seat failure  The valve body displays surface rust. The seat has deteriorated and completely separated from the corrosive solution. COLLECTED BY EN 53 .

Gate Valve Failure Due to Thermal Expa nsion (HEAT)  Photo #1 2 ½" gate valve. COLLECTED BY EN 54 .2 . December 18. The valves gate has bulged from thermal expansion.

COLLECTED BY EN 55 .Gate Valve Failure Due to Thermal Expa nsion (HEAT)  Photo #2 Close up of the bulged gate reveals an attempt to open valve leaving the shiny surface area. December 18.2 .

December 18.2 . COLLECTED BY EN 56 .Gate Valve Failure Due to Thermal Expa nsion (HEAT)  Photo #3 Magnification of the thermally expanded gate reveals a stress crack.

COLLECTED BY EN 57 . December 18.3 . Air loss is observed discharging from the test ball valve (red handle). The test reveals excessive valve seat leakage.Swing Check Valve Leakage in Test Envi ronment  Photos of a 1 1/2" swing check valve mounted in a pneumatic test stand and submerged under water.

Swing Check Valve Leakage in Test Env ironment  Check valve seat tested by applying 80 psi air pressure to the outlet side of the valve and measuring the inlet side of the valve for leakage. The maximum acceptable air loss in an 1 1/2" check valve is 320ml in 60sec.3 . COLLECTED BY EN 58 . December 18.

This directly caused the valve seat to distort.4 .Over-tightened Pipe Nipple  Interior wall of valve thread chamber.Globe Valve Seat Failure . December 18. Deep scoring indicates threaded nipple over tightened into valve. COLLECTED BY EN 59 .

4 .Globe Valve Seat Failure .Over-tightened Pipe Nipple  Distorted valve seat accessed by removing valve bonnet. COLLECTED BY EN 60 . December 18.

4 .Over-tightened Pipe Nipple  The valve disc shows excessive wear from being tightened into the distorted seat.Globe Valve Seat Failure . December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 61 .

The valve was in the closed position. December 18.Ball Valve Body Thermally Expanded (COLD)  Photographs are an example of a ball valve that burst while subject to freezing temperatures. COLLECTED BY EN 62 .5 .

December 18.5 .Ball Valve Body Thermally Expanded (COLD)  The expansion took place from inside of the valve's ball and expanded outward. COLLECTED BY EN 63 . causing the metal to sheer.

Photo #2 (right) Close up view of nipple against thread chamber.Gate Valve Failure . December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 64 .Over-tightened Pipe Nipple  Photo #1 (left) 2"Gate Valve with Schedule 80 PVC nipple tightened to far into thread chamber. Side of valve gate stuck in closed position.6 .

COLLECTED BY EN 65 . Photo #4 (right) Valve gate trapped in valve body by the two valve chambers compressing inward from nipples on each side.6 . December 18.Gate Valve Failure .Over-tightened Pipe Nipple  Photo #3 (left) Valve bonnet removed from valve body.

Photo #6 (right) Valve stem threads strip and material begins to fatigue causing a coiling or twisting of the stem material. COLLECTED BY EN 66 .Over-tightened Pipe Nipple  Photo #5 (left) Valve bonnet displays material stress. December 18.6 .Gate Valve Failure .

Over-tightened Pipe Nipple  Photo #1 (Left) Subject ball valve Photo #2 (right) Close up of valve's thread chamber.7 .Ball Valve Seat Failure . COLLECTED BY EN 67 . Seat. and ball. Shiny brass color on thread chamber indicates contact between pipe nipple and thread chamber. December 18.

COLLECTED BY EN 68 . This caused the thread chamber to push against the valve seat resulting in total seat failure.7 . December 18.Over-tightened Pipe Nipple  This failure is due to pipe nipple threaded too far into valve thread chamber.Ball Valve Seat Failure .

Page 8 . The valve was subjected to an abrassive sludge causing excessive wear to the valve's ball causing it to leak. COLLECTED BY EN 69 . December 18.Ball Valve Failure Due To Extreme Operating Conditions  Photo 1 This 4" Ball Valve was used on a vacuum truck in an oil field.

Page 8 . COLLECTED BY EN 70 .Ball Valve Failure Due To Extreme Operating Conditions  Photo 2 begins to reveal the scratched and pitted surface area. December 18.

Ball Valve Failure Due To Extreme Operating Conditions  Photo 3 clearly indicates excessive ball wear and tear caused from improper use. The application was extremly abrasive. COLLECTED BY EN 71 .Page 8 . December 18.

9 . COLLECTED BY EN 72 .Ball Valve Improper Forging Surface  Specifications .Size 2" 600lb. Solder type Ball Valve. Forged Brass. December 18.

The fracture extends below the surface. COLLECTED BY EN 73 . December 18.9 .Ball Valve Improper Forging Surface  Photographs indicate a series of fractures in the valve body.

December 18.Ball Valve Improper Forging Surface  Magnification of exposed fracture on valve body next to end piece connection. COLLECTED BY EN 74 .9 .

Valve stem displays corrosion above packing nut and minor rusting at location of valve handle. COLLECTED BY EN 75 .Rated at 200lb (WOG) Water Oil or Gas. December 18.10 .Gate Valve Packing Nut Leaked/Over-tightened  Gate Valve 3/4" .

Gate Valve Packing Nut Leaked/Over-tightened  The corrosion noted on the stem indicates that a packing leak existed for an extended period of time. An attempt to repair the leak resulted in an overtightend nut. This caused the top of the nut to separate in a lateral direction and the body of the nut to separate vertically.10 . COLLECTED BY EN 76 . December 18.

Right.Ball Valve Overheated Left. The valve was silver soldered into the system.11. valve body side view. December 18. The valve leaked and was removed. COLLECTED BY EN 77 . over-heated solder type two piece ball valve size 3".

close-up of valve body side indicates silver soldering workmanship. December 18. Right.Ball Valve Overheated  Left.11. COLLECTED BY EN 78 . end piece side of valve.

Right.Ball Valve Overheated  Left. December 18. valve ball displays blue color indicitive of overheating. COLLECTED BY EN 79 . end piece side still has white teflon seat intact. body side of valve seat has been completely distroyed.11.

11. COLLECTED BY EN 80 .Ball Valve Overheated  Left. December 18. Close-up of valve ball on valve body side of valve.

Ball Valve Forging Defect  Photo 1 Forged brass 2 piece solder type ball valve size 1 1/2". December 18.12. COLLECTED BY EN 81 .

Ball Valve Forging Defect  Photo 2 Forging defect on end-piece of valve's fitting cup. December 18.The defective area is concaved in relation to the machined surface. COLLECTED BY EN 82 .12.

Ball Valve Forging Defect  Photo 3 close-up view December 18.12. COLLECTED BY EN 83 .

COLLECTED BY EN 84 .Ball Valve Forging Defect  Photo 5 Magnification view of the outer end of fitting cup reveals a normal smooth machined surface next to a coarse unmachined surface defect.12. December 18.

The valve has been subjected to an accumulation of deleterious materials. It has Stem damage.Ball valve failure accumulated deleterious materials  This is a typical 600lb.13 . COLLECTED BY EN 85 . December 18. handle stop has been cut off to allow reverse throttling.WOG forged brass ball valve.

13 . December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 86 . Photo 4 deep groove on ball surface indication of abrasives.Ball valve failure accumulated deleterious materials  Photo 3 close up of stem damage and a cut/removed handle stop.

Ball valve failure accumulated deleterious materials  Photo 5 displays an unknown organic deleterious material from a food processing plant covering the ball surface. COLLECTED BY EN 87 . Photo 6 close up of ball and valve body. Due to non operation the material has bridged across.13 . This deposit may explain or contribute to why the valve is locked into its partially closed position. December 18.

13 . COLLECTED BY EN 88 . December 18.Ball valve failure accumulated deleterious materials  Photo 7 close up reveals a fiber content in the material deposit.

COLLECTED BY EN 89 .14 . 600 pound Water Oil or Gas/150 pound working steam pressure rated valve.Ball Valve Forging Defect  This ball valve is a typical 1/2". December 18. was detected during a routine inspection. The forging defect located on valve body at end piece connection.

14 . COLLECTED BY EN 90 .Ball Valve Forging Defect December 18.

15. COLLECTED BY EN 91 .Gate Valve Unsuitable Operating Conditions  Apparently this 4" 125 pound gate valve failed to completely close off. December 18. Photo 2 and 3) Indicate the valve had been struck with an object probably an attempt to clear the flow path of an obstruction.

Gate Valve Unsuitable Operating Conditions  Photo 4 right)The valve gate is in a closed position. December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 92 .15. The external gate surface is covered with green algae or moss.

15. COLLECTED BY EN 93 .Gate Valve Unsuitable Operating Conditions  Photo 5 left) The gate has been retracted to reveal debris in bottom of the valve body. Photo 6 right) Close up clearly identifies seashells. rock and sand. December 18.

The valve was stuck in a closed position due to an excessive amount of rust deposited from the handle and its nut.16. As the corrosion deposited on the external surface of the handle it eventually eliminated the required handle clearance.Ball Valve Handle Corrosion  This is a 600 pound two piece brass ball valve with a plated handle(may have been Dacromet)with a rubber coated handle grip. making the valve inoperable. Age: about 15 years. COLLECTED BY EN 94 . December 18.

December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 95 .Ball Valve Handle Corrosion  Top view of excessive corrosion at ball valve handle connecton.16.

COLLECTED BY EN 96 .Ball Valve Handle Corrosion  Side view magnification underside handle connection at handle stop. December 18.16.

December 18.Ball Valve Handle Corrosion  The valve was apparently installed in an extremely moist/corrosive environment.16. COLLECTED BY EN 97 . The condition of the valve also suggests that the valve had been neglected for many years.

17-Ball Valve Failure Due to Excessive Mineral Deposits  Photo 1 A typical 3/4" two piece solder type ball valve had been removed from a domestic water distribution system. COLLECTED BY EN 98 . December 18.

December 18.17-Ball Valve Failure Due to Excessive Mineral Deposits  Photo 2 indicates severe mineral depositing on interior wall of pipe and valve. COLLECTED BY EN 99 .

17-Ball Valve Failure Due to Excessive Mineral Deposits

Photo 3 right Close up of valve reveals extent of
mineral build-up. The interior diameter of valve
has significantly been reduced. See photo 4 left
This reduction in diameter has created turbulence
in the flow and contributes to the erosion
downstream side of valve.

December 18,

COLLECTED BY EN

100

17-Ball Valve Failure Due to Excessive Mineral Deposits

Photo 5 right Magnification view. The valve will
not close off due to the build up around the valve
seats.

December 18,

COLLECTED BY EN

101

18 - Butterfly Valve Flange Installation Failure

Photo 1 A typical butterfly valve, lug style, cast
iron body, aluminum bronze disc, EPDM seat and a
lever handle.

December 18,

COLLECTED BY EN

102

18 - Butterfly Valve Flange Installation Failure

Photo 2 Depicts the flanges bolt holes. One of
eight bolt holes never received a bolt during
system installation.

December 18,

COLLECTED BY EN

103

18 - Butterfly Valve Flange Installation Failure

Photo 3 Valve separated into 3 sections

December 18,

COLLECTED BY EN

104

There is grease on all flange ears but the one on the left. at the seat retainer stud (center of photo) resulting in complete material separation.18 . There are no signs of this ear. December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 105 .Butterfly Valve Flange Installation Failure  Photo 4 Close up detail. ever receiving a bolt. This caused excessive stress during installation when flange was torque.

December 18. Moisture leaks through to the surface of the brass material.19 .Gate Valve Body Leakage  This 3/4" gate valve was the coldwater shutoff valve to the water heater. corrode and seal. COLLECTED BY EN 106 . corrodes and seals. This is a typical pattern and may repeat itself many times before total failure. The valve has been weeping moisture through the brass body material for an unknown period of time. The corrosion formed is from the minerals in the water depositing on the valve body. This explains the ongoing build up of corrosion on the material surface. The moisture will again leak.

19 .Gate Valve Body Leakage December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 107 .

A droplet continues to form at bottom of valve body.19 .Gate Valve Body Leakage  Close-up view of corrosion. December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 108 .

20 . COLLECTED BY EN 109 .1/4 turn. This is evidenced by the buildup of corrosion. December 18. To correct this problem would have required tightening the packing nut below handle +/.Gate Valve Packing Leak  This valve has been leaking at the packing nut for an extended period of time.

globe valves). COLLECTED BY EN 110 . it's easy to get lost in the terminology.  We'll use valve control to refer to how the valve travel or stroke (openness) relates to the flow: 1.  Valve types are used to describe the mechanical characteristics and geometry (Ex/ gate.  Linear:  valve travel is directly proportional to the valve stoke 3.  Quick opening:  large increase in flow with a small change in valve stroke So how do you decide which valve control to use?  Here are some rules of thumb for each one: December 18. ball.SELECTING A VALVE TYPE  When speaking of valves.  Equal Percentage:  equal increments of valve travel produce an equal percentage in flow change 2.

  Linear a.  Used in processes where large changes in pressure drop are expected b.  Used for frequent on-off service b. steady state systems) 3.  Used in liquid level or flow loops b.SELECTING A VALVE TYPE    1.  Equal Percentage (most commonly used valve control) a. December 18.  Used for processes where "instantly" large flow is needed (ie. we'll take a look at the most common valve types. COLLECTED BY EN 111 .  Used in temperature and pressure control loops 2.  Used in processes where a small percentage of the total pressure drop is permitted by the valve c.  Quick Opening a.  Used in systems where the pressure drop across the valve is expected to remain fairly constant (ie. safety systems or cooling water systems) Now that we've covered the various types of valve control.

SELECTING A VALVE TYPE December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 112 .

  Infrequent operation 3.  Fully open/closed. COLLECTED BY EN 113 .  Minimal fluid trapping in line December 18. non-throttling 2.SELECTING A VALVE TYPE   Gate Valves Best Suited Control:  Quick Opening Recommended Uses: 1.

  Tight shutoff                           2.  Little resistance to flow December 18.  High capacity                         1.   Cavitate at low pressure drops 3. air. steam.SELECTING A VALVE TYPE   Applications:  Oil.  Low cost                               3.   Cannot be used for throttling 4. heavy liquids.   Poor control 2. slurries. gas. and corrosive liquids Advantages:                             Disadvantages: 1. COLLECTED BY EN 114 . noncondensing gases.

vapors.SELECTING A VALVE TYPE     Globe Valves Best Suited Control:  Linear and Equal percentage Recommended Uses: 1.   High pressure drop 2. COLLECTED BY EN 115 .  Available in multiple ports December 18.  More expensive than other valves 3.  Accurate flow control        2.  Frequent operation Applications:  Liquids.  Throttling service/flow regulation 2. gases. corrosive substances.  Efficient throttling               1. slurries Advantages:                         Disadvantages: 1.

SELECTING A VALVE TYPE December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 116 .

  Low cost                           1.SELECTING A VALVE TYPE    Ball Valves Best Suited Control: Quick opening.   Poor throttling characteristics 2.  High capacity                     2. 4. slurries Advantages:                         Disadvantages: 1.   Prone to cavitation 3.  Tight sealing with low torque  December 18. limited-throttling 2.  Fully open/closed. COLLECTED BY EN 117 .  Low leakage and maint. linear Recommended Uses: 1.  Higher temperature fluids Applications: Most liquids. high temperatures.

COLLECTED BY EN 118 .SELECTING A VALVE TYPE December 18.

slurries.  Fully open/closed or throttling services 2. Equal percentage Recommended Uses:  1.        1.  Low cost and maint.  Good flow control 4.  Minimal fluid trapping in line Applications:  Liquids.  Frequent operation 3. liquids with suspended solids Advantages:                        Disadvantages: 1.SELECTING A VALVE TYPE     Butterfly Valves Best Suited Control:  Linear.  High torque required for control 2. COLLECTED BY EN 119 .  High capacity                  2.   Prone to cavitation at lower flows 3. gases.  Low pressure drop December 18.

COLLECTED BY EN 120 .SELECTING A VALVE TYPE December 18.

SELECTING A VALVE TYPE  Other Valves     Another type of valve commonly used in conjunction with other valves is called a check valve. the check valve closes.   Relief valves are used to regulate the operating pressure of incompressible flow. December 18.  Check valves are designed to restrict the flow to one direction. COLLECTED BY EN 121 .  If the flow reverses direction.  Safety valves are used to release excess pressure in gases or compressible fluids.

plug valve December 18. ball valve butterfly valve COLLECTED BY EN gate valve 122 .

December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 123 .

December 18. The disk in the valve rotates about the stem through an angle of 90°. •gate valves In the OPEN position the flow runs through the valve body. •ball valves In the OPEN position the flow runs through the ball. The ball in the body rotates 90° about axial shafts. COLLECTED BY EN 124 . The gate moves in a linear direction across the flow. In the OPEN position the flow is over or against the disk. •butterfly valves In the OPEN position the flow runs around the control body.•plug valve A linear movement of the disk with or against the flow.

COLLECTED BY EN 125 .December 18.

December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 126 .

COLLECTED BY EN 127 .December 18.

December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 128 .

December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 129 .

December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 130 .

COLLECTED BY EN 131 .December 18.

December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 132 .

December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 133 .

COLLECTED BY EN 134 .December 18.

COLLECTED BY EN 135 .December 18.

December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 136 .

December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 137 .

December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 138 .

December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 139 .

COLLECTED BY EN 140 .December 18.

December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 141 .

December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 142 .

Gate Valve Routine maintenance December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 143 .

Gate Valve Trouble Shooting December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 144 .

Gate Valve Trouble Shooting December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 145 .

Gate Valve Trouble Shooting December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 146 .

COLLECTED BY EN 147 .December 18.

December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 148 .

December 18,

COLLECTED BY EN

149

Gate Valve Disassemble & Reassemble

December 18,

COLLECTED BY EN

150

December 18,

COLLECTED BY EN

151

December 18,

COLLECTED BY EN

152

Gate Valve Disassemble

December 18,

COLLECTED BY EN

153

Gate Valve Reassemble December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 154 .

COLLECTED BY EN 155 .Gate Valve inspection December 18.

COLLECTED BY EN 156 .December 18.

Installation and Operation Duo check valve December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 157 .

COLLECTED BY EN 158 .Installation and Operation Duo check valve December 18.

COLLECTED BY EN 159 .December 18.

COLLECTED BY EN 160 .Asahi/ America Duobloc Ball Valve ½” . CPVC Backing Cushion Threaded Carrier December 18.2” PVC.

CPVC Backing Cushion December 18. COLLECTED BY EN Threaded Carrier .Asahi/America Duobloc Ball Valve ½” .2” PVC.

compensates for wear  Blocks in two directions  Two sets of end connectors.Asahi/America Duobloc Ball Valve 1/2”-2” Features & Benefits True Union design permits easy installation & removal  Teflon seats with elastomeric backing ensure bubble-tight shut off with low fixed torque. COLLECTED BY EN . CPVC  December 18.2” PVC. ½” .

CPVC. COLLECTED BY EN .2” PVC. PVDF Handle/Spanne ISO Mount Pad Double Stem Seal Panel Mount December 18. PP.Asahi/America Type 21 Ball Valve ½” .

Panel Mount Provisio COLLECTED BY EN 164 . CPVC.4” PVC.Asahi/America Type 21 Ball Valve 2 1/2” . PVDF ISO Pad Mount Handle/Spanne Tool Double O Ring Sealing December 18. PP.

Asahi/America Type 21 Ball Valves ½” . CPVC. PVC & CPVC December 18. PVDF Features & Benefits  Built in spanner wrench  Panel mount pad  Double o-rings on stem  Molded ISO mounting pad  Up to 230 psi working pressure  Long Cycle Life  Two sets of end connectors.2” PVC. COLLECTED BY EN . PP.

CPVC.Asahi/America Type 21 Ball Valves 2½” .4” PVC. PP. COLLECTED BY EN . PVDF Features & Benefits Built in spanner wrench  Panel mount pad  Double o-rings on stem  Molded ISO mounting pad  Up to 230 psi working pressure  Long Cycle Life  December 18.

Asahi/America Type 21 Mounting Kits. COLLECTED BY EN Low Profile 167 .1/2”-4” Molded PPG Construction No Valve Modification Required December 18.

FO5.FO7)  No Valve Modification Required  5 Kits for entire size range(All Materials)  Superior Corrosion Resistance  Low Profile  Easily Field Mounted  December 18. COLLECTED BY EN .Asahi/America Type 21 Mounting Kits Sizes 1/2”-4”  Molded PPG (Polypro Glass filled)  ISO (FO4.

COLLECTED BY EN Upstream Side 169 .Asahi/America Type 21 Ball Valve Sodium Hypochlorite Applications Vented Ball Downstream Side December 18.

Asahi/America Stem Extensions A B December 18. COLLECTED BY EN Two Piece Single Piece Panel Mount .

Asahi/America Switches. COLLECTED BY EN . Square Nuts Manual Limit Switches 2” Square Operating Nut December 18.

COLLECTED BY EN .Asahi/America Ball Valve Options 2” square operating nuts  Full line of electric & pneumatic actuators  Locking handles  Manual limit switches  Stem & panel mount extensions  Spring return handles  Vented Balls  December 18.

COLLECTED BY EN .Asahi/America Installation Reccomendations Ball Valves: Recommended Applications:  Clean Services  On/Off Precautions:  Suspended Particles  High Velocities  Modulating December 18.

Asahi/America Ball Check Valves 1/2”-4” December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 174 .

COLLECTED BY EN 1/2”-2” 3”-4” .Asahi/America Ball Check Valves Uniseat/ Seal True Single Union Design Union Design December 18.

Asahi/America Ball Check Valves PVC. CPVC. Materials  Uniseat/seal of EPDM or Viton  Ball is only moving part  True Union design facilitates valve maintenance  Can be mounted vertically or horizontally  Minimuml Back Pressure required  December 18. COLLECTED BY EN . PVDF. POLYPRO.

COLLECTED BY EN .Asahi/America Ball Check Valve Options  Ball Check Options – – – – Foot valve configuration Internal spring Teflon coated Viton Uniseat/seal Polypro or Hollow Balls December 18.

COLLECTED BY EN .Asahi/America Ball Check Valves Recommended Application:    Horizontal or Vertical Lines Where Minimal Back Pressure is Required Space Limitation Problems Precautions:    Requires Sufficient Head Pressure to Seat Recommended Installation.8-10 times the Pipe Diameter From the Discharge of Pump Suspended Particles/High Velocities December 18.

COLLECTED BY EN 179 . POLYPRO.Asahi/America Thermoplastic Butterfly Valves PVC. PVDF Type 56 Butterfly 1 1/2”-16” December 18.

Asahi/America Type 56 Butterfly 1 1/2”-16” Locking Provision All Plastic Handle & Position Plate No Stem Modification Required for Actuation Modular Gear Design ISO Pad Mount December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 180 .

Non Wetted Stem COLLECTED BY EN 181 .Asahi/America Type 56 Butterfly Valves All Plastic Handle & Position Plate Modular Gear Operato ISO Pad December 18.

Asahi/America Type 56 Butterfly Valves Standard valve: PVC/PP/EPDM  Several liner & disc materials satisfy a variety of applications  Fully engaged stainless steel shaft is isolated from media.  Only disc & liner are wetted parts  Liner design eliminates flange gaskets  December 18. COLLECTED BY EN .

Asahi/America Type 56 Butterfly Valves ISO Pad Mount (No drilling required)  New Stem Design (No modification required for Actuation)  All Plastic Construction Handle  Locking Provision (Standard)  316 SS Stem (Standard) 11/2”-12” (except 5” size)  New Gear Operators(Sizes 8”-16”)  Interchangeability w/Type 75(Face to Face)  December 18. COLLECTED BY EN .

COLLECTED BY EN 184 .Asahi/America Thermoplastic Butterfly Valves Type 75 Butterfly 18”-24” December 18.

 Only disc & liner are wetted parts  Liner design eliminates flange gaskets  December 18.Asahi/America Type 75 Butterfly Valves Standard valve: PP/PP/EPDM  Several liner & disc materials satisfy a variety of applications  Fully engaged stainless steel shaft is isolated from media. COLLECTED BY EN .

Asahi/America Type 55 Butterfly Valves Type 55 Butterfly 2”-10” December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 186 .

Asahi/America Type 55 Butterfly Valve-2”-5”(Lever) ISO Pad Mount Locking Provision All Plastic Handl & Position Plate PTFE Disc & Seat December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 187 .

Asahi/America Type 55 Butterfly Valve-2”-10” (Gear) Modular Gear Operator ISO Pad Mount December 18. PTFE Disc & Seat COLLECTED BY EN 188 .

COLLECTED BY EN .Asahi/America Type 55 Butterfly Sizes 2”-10”  PTFE Disc & Liner  ISO Pad Mount (No drilling required)  New Stem Design (No modification required for Actuation)  All Plastic Construction Handle  Locking Provision (Standard Lever Type)  New Gear Operators(Sizes2”-10”)  December 18.

Asahi/America FRP Butterfly Valves FRP Butterfly 28”-60” December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 190 .

COLLECTED BY EN .Asahi/America FRP Butterfly Valves FRP Body & Disc  Sizes:28”-60”  Temp Range-32oF -195oF  Pressure Ratings .32oF -140oF =105 PSI 141oF -175oF = 70 PSI 176oF -195oF = 65 PSI  Manual or Automated Versions  December 18.

COLLECTED BY EN .  Only disc & liner are wetted parts  Liner design eliminates flange gaskets  December 18.Asahi/America FRP Butterfly Valves Several liner materials to satisfy a variety of applications  Fully engaged stainless steel shaft is isolated from media.

Asahi/America Lug Style Butterfly Valve Hex Head Bolts End of Line Service Isolation of Upstream Pressure Stainless Steel Lugs Allows Maintenance of Downstre December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 193 .

COLLECTED BY EN 194 .Asahi/America Butterfly Valve Options Switches Gear Type & Lever Type SO AV ASAHI BUTTERFLY VALVE 90 Chain Operators December 18.

Asahi/America Butterfly Valve Single Piece Extensions A C December 18. Style B COLLECTED BY EN Style C Style B B 195 .

B Style A Lever COLLECTED BY EN 196 .Asahi/America Butterfly Valve Two Piece Extensions B A A Style A Gear December 18.

Asahi/America Butterfly Valve Options Stems & stem extensions available in virtually any standard commercial metal  Lug style bodies  2” Square operating nuts  Interchangeability of parts materials lowers cost on specific applications  Full line of electric & pneumatic actuators  December 18. COLLECTED BY EN .

available with electric. pneumatic or manual operators  December 18. COLLECTED BY EN .Asahi/America Butterfly Valve Options Chain operators  Locking handles  Manual limit switches  Gear operators for 1½“ through 6”  Tandem arrangements (patented).

Require Mechanical Brake or Worm Gear Design December 18. COLLECTED BY EN .Asahi/America Butterfly Recommendations Recommended Applications:     On/Off Modulating Suspended Particles (Except Type 55) High Velocities Precautions:   Overtightning Mating Flanges Electrically Actuated.

2”.4” Y Type Plug Orific e Orific COLLECTED e BY EN Sprin g 200 .3”.3/4” 1/2”.3”.2”.4” 1”.Asahi/America Constant Flow Valves PVC & CPVC ANSI Flanged 1/2”. 1”.3/4” In Line Type Sprin g Plug December 18.

The superior durability has been proven by conducting a repeated spring fatigue test and Long Cycle Life December 18.Asahi/America Constant Flow Valves Features & Benefits High durability and resistance to chemicals High accuracy Flexible flow rate Opening degree indicator High durability and resistance to The spring is made of stainless steel with coating of PCTFE.HNO3. COLLECTED BY EN 201 .HCL and so on.HF. chemicals PCTFE acts as an excellent gas barrier to chemicals such as Cl2.

Asahi/America Constant Flow Valves Flexible flow rates Opening degree indicator December 18. Calibrated Flow Dial COLLECTED BY EN 202 .

33 psi : Type D (only 3”) 4. 3/4”.14.85 . 36 .Asahi/America Constant Flow Valves Nominal Size 1/2”. 2.110 psi 111 . 3” .45 psi : Type C 30 .4” Body material PVC (Unplasticized Polyvinyl Chloride) Flange connection ANSI.28.22 psi : Type A & B 4. 1”. 2”.21. (Please specify according to upstream pressure) Upstream line Pressure Types Under 35 psi ranges.150 psi Pressure differential range for function: Working Temp. : December 18.120 °F COLLECTED BY EN 203 .70 psi 71 . DIN etc.27 .27 .

1 0.85 2.02 .45 14.03 .0 20.85 4.03 .2-1.0) (0.85 4.2-1.3-2.1 .0) (0.07 8.0.22 28.3-2.2 0.15 0.0.27 4.45 14.02 .1 0.85 2.81 8.35.0) (0.03 .81 .02 .0 20.02 .0.28 2.2-1.5.45 21.2-1.2-1.3.2 0.22 14.2 132.0 60 60 20 10 20 10 4 20 10 4 20 10 4 20 10 2 6 2 : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2.0) (0.88.8.3-2.27 2.0.02 .03 .0 2.5 0.53 .0.81 0.81 .03 .0.2 2.03 .8 5.1 0.0.26 .0) (0.5.0.1 0.12 0.22 22.27 2.264.03 .35.33 28.0 2.2-1.3-2.22 28.85 COLLECTED BY EN PSI - 14.22 28.02 .3-2.04 0.0) (0.52 .35 .264.15 2 (kgf/cm ) (0.3-1.2 1.0 8.22 1.02 .0.0 10 30 - 0.22 3.27 4.1 0.8.27 2.0) (0.176 .07 4.881 .2-1.0.1 44.2 December 18.1 0.0) (0.0.88.0.85 2.52 0.2 0.33 Mpa 0.3-1.35.1 0.0 0.0 1.76 .0) (0.45 14.0 30.0 15.1 0.4 0.2 0.85 4.02 .22 28. Pressure differencial range for function Rangeability 3 m /hr 0.8.132.5) 204 .0.81 0.Asahi/America Constant Flow Valves Nominal Size 1/2" (15mm) 3/4" (20mm) 1" (25mm) 2" (50mm) 3" (80mm) 4" (100mm) Type B C B C A B C A B C A B C D C D Flow quantity Gal/min 0.06 0.3-2.27 2.45 21.0) (0.08 0.22 14.1 0.0 8.88.441 .85 4.52 0.0 8.0) (0.22 28.0.85 4.0) (0.8 0.28 0.2 0.07 66.0) (0.45 14.0 20.2 2.02 .0 2.5) (0.2 .3.22 14.0.8 1.03 .27 4.0) (0.403 .2-1.02 .2 0.0.04 .

(Ultra pure water line) Flow Type . COLLECTED BY EN Flow 205 . (Covers small flow rates to large flow rates) December 18.A Fluid flows through the valves internals Suitable for semi-conductor.B Flow rate setting range is large.Asahi/America Constant Flow Valves Type .

(For lines with large pressure differential between upstream & downstream) Flow Type .Asahi/America Constant Flow Valves Type . December 18. COLLECTED BY EN Flow 206 .D A large flow rate can be set.C Range of working differential pressure is large .

Asahi/America Constant Flow Valves P2 December 18. P1 P2 COLLECTED BY EN 207 .

Pressure Differential COLLECTED BY EN 208 .Asahi/America Constant Flow Valves Flow Quantity High accuracy It is possible to change the flow quantity by changing the position of the plug. December 18.

2 35.8 26.3 37.2 8.6 11 Differential Pressure (psi) 14.22 0 2.1 2.85 5.45 psi 209 .7 8.8 8.8 26.4 4.7 28.2 Flow (gal/min) Flow (gal/min) 30.6 30.14.0 17.6 31.6 13.6 11.85 psi .Asahi/America Constant Flow Valves C type (2”) B type (2”) 39.2 13.4 22.8 4.6 35.27 psi .3 17.1 20 22. COLLECTED BY EN Differential Pressure (psi) 4.22 psi December 18.4 14.4 0 2.4 34.6 39.9 25.85 5.7 8.4 22.28.0 17.

= specific gravity) December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 210 .g.g. / P] (Q = flowrate (gpm) s.Asahi/America Constant Flow Valves Parallel Lines LINE A Q1 Q1+Q2 LINE B Q2 CV = Q s.

Asahi/America Constant Flow Valves < Fish Farms > <Aquariums> AV Constant Flow VALVE sea water tank December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 211 .

Flow quantity is fixed December 18.Asahi/Americ a Applications: Constant Flow Valves < Salt Water > The protection of ion-exchange membranes. COLLECTED BY EN No Automation or Manual Adjustmen Required 212 .

COLLECTED BY EN Water supply equipment 213 .Asahi/America Constant Flow Valves Water Supply or Filtration AV Constant Flow VALVE December 18.

COLLECTED BY EN 214 .Asahi/America Thermoplastic Diaphragm Valves December 18.

COLLECTED BY EN .Asahi/America Type G Diaphragm Valves Position Indicator/Travel Stop PVDF Compressor Large Weir Design December 18.

COLLECTED BY EN .5  Excellent throttling characteristics  Double beaded diaphragm sizing arrangement  Bonnet o-ring seal.PP. eliminates corrosive atmosphere internally  December 18.Asahi/America Type G Flanged Diaphragm Valves Sizes 8”&10” PVC.PVDF  Face-to-face lengths are industry standard  Flanged body conforms to ANSI 16.

COLLECTED BY EN 217 .Asahi/America Type 14 Flanged Diaphragm Valves 1/2”-2” December 18.

5 Flange 18.Asahi/America Thermoplastic Diaphragm Valves Reduced Handwheel Torque Visual Indicator Travel Stop Low Profile One Piece Molded AnsiDecember B16. COLLECTED BY EN Panel Mount .

Asahi/America Type 14 Flanged Diaphragm Valves 2 1/2”-4” December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 219 .

Asahi/America Type 14 Diaphragm Valves Visual Indicator Travel Stop Reduced Seating Torque PVDF Compresso Increased Body& Bonnet Thickness One Piece December 18. Molded Flange New Diaphragm Design COLLECTED BY EN Panel Mount 220 Provision .

COLLECTED BY EN 221 .Asahi/America Type 15 Flanged Diaphragm Valves 5”-6” December 18.

Asahi/America Type 15 Flanged Diaphragm Valves PVDF Compress or New Bonnet/Body Design December 18. New Diaphragm Design COLLECTED BY EN 222 .

PP and PVDF Materials (Type 15 Not available in CPVC)  Multiple Diaphragm Materials  Body and Bonnet are solid thermoplastic  Unique Body to Bonnet design(Ultimate Sealing)  Position indicator & Adjustable travel stop are standard  Valve Body and Diaphragm are only wetted parts  December 18.Asahi/America Type 14 & 15 Diaphragm Valves PVC. COLLECTED BY EN .CPVC.

COLLECTED BY EN .Asahi/America Type 14 Diaphragm Valves New Body & Bonnet Design  Lower Profile  Reduced Seating Torque  Bayonet Connection for Diaphragm  Provision for Support or Panel Mounting  Face to Face Interchangeability w/Type G  December 18.

18. COLLECTED BY EN 225 .Asahi/America Type 14 True Union Diaphragm Valves 1/2”-2” December .

Position Indicator Indicato Travel Stop PVDF Compressor COLLECTED BY EN Panel Mount Provisio 226 .Asahi/America Type 14 True Union Diaphragm Valves Lower Seating Torque Low Profil e December 18.

COLLECTED BY EN .Asahi/America Type 14 True Union Diaphragm Valves      Automation with no body modifications Socket.Thread.Improved Sealing Panel Mount Provision Low Profile December 18.Spigot Reduced Seating Torque.

Asahi/America Type 14 Diaphragm Valves A B 2” Square Nut December 18.StemCOLLECTED Extensions BY EN Chain Operator .

etc.Asahi/America Diaphragm Valve Options Diaphragm materials available in Nitrile.  Electric & pneumatic actuators  PVDF gas barrier  2” square operating nuts  Locking handles  Manual limit switches  Stem extensions  December 18. Neoprene. Hypalon. COLLECTED BY EN . PTFE.

Asahi/America Type 14Pneumatic Diaphragm Valves Position Indicator Travel Stop Plastic Housing Namur Pad Mount Direct Mount December 18. COLLECTED BY EN Panel Mount .

COLLECTED BY EN .Asahi/America Installation Recommendations Diaphragm Valves: Recommended Applications:  Control or Modulating  Slurry Services  Suspended Particles(Elastomeric Diaphragm only)  Severe Chemical Applications Precautions:  Suspended Particles w/ PTFE Diaphragm December 18.

COLLECTED BY EN 232 .Asahi/America Thermoplastic Globe Valves December 18.

Asahi/America Thermoplastic Globe Valves Rising Stem Upstream Side December 18. Excellent Control From Unique Flow Pat COLLECTED BY EN .

Asahi/America Thermoplastic Globe Valves Use for efficient throttling  Positive shut off  Excellent flow regulating characteristics through entire lift of disc  All sizes rated for full vacuum  Available in sizes ½” through 4”  PVC and Polypro Materials  December 18. COLLECTED BY EN .

Asahi/America Multiport Valves December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 235 .

COLLECTED BY EN .Asahi/America Multiport Valves ½” . PP. CPVC.4” PVC. PVDF Molded Body Union connection on all three ports December 18.

COLLECTED BY EN . CPVC. PVDF Eliminates need for additional valve and tee  True Union design on all three ports  Fully molded body (not fabricated)  Multiple ball patterns available to satisfy different flow patterns  December 18.Asahi/America Multiport Valves ½” .4” PVC. PP.

COLLECTED BY EN 238 .Asahi/America Multiport Valves L Port Flow Pattern Off (0 Degrees) (90 Degrees) (180 Degrees) December 18.

COLLECTED BY EN 239 .Asahi/Americ a Multiport Valves Double L Flow Pattern (0 Degrees) (45 Degrees) (90 Degrees) December 18.

Asahi/America Cross Port Ball December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 240 .

COLLECTED BY EN 241 .Asahi/America Cross Port Ball Cross Port Flow Pattern (0 Degree December 18.

COLLECTED BY EN 242 .Asahi/America Cross Port Ball Cross Port Flow Pattern (45 Degre December 18.

COLLECTED BY EN 243 .Asahi/ America Cross Port Ball Cross Port Flow Pattern (90 Degre December 18.

COLLECTED BY EN 244 .Asahi/America Cross Port Ball Cross Port Flow Pattern (180 Degr December 18.

COLLECTED BY EN 245 .Asahi/America Cross Port Ball Cross Port Flow Patterns (4 Views December 18.

Asahi/America Installation Reccomendations Multiport Ball Valves: Recommended Applications:  Clean Services  On/Off Precautions:  Suspended Particles  High Velocities  Modulating December 18. COLLECTED BY EN .

COLLECTED BY EN 247 .Asahi/America Swing Check Valves 1/2”-8” December 18.

Asahi/America Swing Check Valves Top-Entry Design Swing Arm Assembly Bonnet Seal Seat December 18. COLLECTED BY EN .

PVDF Materials  Minimal resistance to flow  Can be mounted vertically or horizontally  Top entry design facilitates valve maintenance  Tight seal with minimum back-pressure  Various seat & seal materials  December 18.PP.Asahi/America Swing Check Valves PVC. COLLECTED BY EN .

COLLECTED BY EN .Asahi/America Swing Check Valves Lever & Weight December 18.

Asahi/America Swing Check Valve Options  Swing Check Options – – – – External Lever & Weight External Spring Teflon or Viton seat and seals Limit Switches December 18. COLLECTED BY EN .

COLLECTED BY EN .8-10 times the Pipe Diameter From the Discharge of Pump December 18.Asahi/America Swing Check Valves Recommended Applications:     Suspended Particles Horizontal or Vertical Lines Minimal Pressure Drop High Velocities Precautions:  Requires Sufficient Head Pressure to Seat  Recommended Installation.

125 xx =0.000 ø9.25 was 15x =0.Big Blow IND DATE NAME CHANGES TOLERANCES MATERIAL DATE+SIGN 9/28/95 chang BC 15.770 79.010 10/25/92 xxx =0.001 BIG BLOW ø15.520 18.314 18.030 4/29/97 increase rail hight .250 SVC Monroe 10" Valve N-CAROLINA DRAWING NAME DRAWING # INDEX Assembly 10000a Holes for Locking pin Locking Pin 49.000 Chevron Blade Rope Seat Ring Body Gland December 18. COLLECTED BY EN Pusher Seat 253 .005 xxxx=0.

COLLECTED BY EN 254 .Big Blow Lamina & Trilhos December 18.

Big Blow December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 255 .

Big Blow Glandula e Compactador December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 256 .

COLLECTED BY EN 257 .Big Blow December 18.

December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 258 .

December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 259 .

December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 260 .

December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 261 .

COLLECTED BY EN 262 .December 18.

COLLECTED BY EN 263 .December 18.

Sistema de Bloqueamento December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 264 .

Coberturas Protetoras December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 265 .

COLLECTED BY EN 266 .Válvula 24” Stargate-O-Port® December 18.

COLLECTED BY EN 267 .20” Titanio Stargate-O-Port® Dimensão Longa Flange a Flange December 18.

December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 268 .

Pequena Válvula Stargate-O-Port® December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 269 .

Stargate-O-Port® com Flanges de Teste December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 270 .

Stargate-O-Port® de 3 Vias 37.000 61.787 20.000 20.080 9.030 9/18/92 xx =0. COLLECTED BY EN SVC BIG WAFER 4" Valve DRAWING # INDEX 0466a 271 .005 xxxx=0.001 Monroe 3-way N-CAROLINA DRAWING NAME Assembly December 18.537 2.010 xxx =0.750 IND DATE NAME CHANGES TOLERANCES MATERIAL DATE+SIGN x =0.000 10.

December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 272 .

Válvula Stargate-O-Port® 36” Big Cap December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 273 .

IND DATE NAME CHANGES TOLERANCES MATERIAL DATE+SIGN 9/16/97 Funnel from Conveyor Belt Fast Filling Device Chips Ring Volume for Gas Outlet 24" N-CAROLINA DRAWING NAME DRAWING # INDEX Assembly Spool Piece To suction Fan SVC Monroe Fastfill Side Plate 28.000 Blade 13.750 December 18. COLLECTED BY EN 11.320 274 .000 Steam Inlet Big Cap Gas Steam Side Plate Digester 95.000 Liquor Supply Line Valve 2.

COLLECTED BY EN 275 .Big Knife December 18.

December 18,

COLLECTED BY EN

276

Big Screen

December 18,

COLLECTED BY EN

277

Big Screen

December 18,

COLLECTED BY EN

278

Big Screen

December 18,

COLLECTED BY EN

279

December 18,

COLLECTED BY EN

280

COLLECTED BY EN Denotes Big Wafer Valve Applications HPFIV = High Pressure Feeder Pump Isolation Valve TCPIV = Top Circulation Isolation Valve DATE+SIGN =0.001 1/22/99 281 SVC Monroe N-CAROLINA DRAWING NAME Continuous Digester DRAWING # INDEX contdig .g.005 xxxx=0.225 psi Steaming Vessel 15 psi Flash Steam from #1 Flash Tank Top Separator e.g. 1800 gpm HPF TCP HPFIV TCPIV CCP TCP= Top Circulation Pump HPF= High Pressure Feeder Pump CD = Continuous Digester CCP= Chip Chute Pump PCS Pre-Steaming Chamber FV + Feeder Valve IND DATE NAME CHANGES TOLERANCES x MATERIAL December 18. 3000 gpm Flash Steam from #2 Flash Tank 175 psi .Digestor Contínuo Chips R01 Pre Steaming Chamber Ventline Automatic Screen FV ? PSC Chip Bin with atmospheric Pre-Steaming R02 CD 5 psi e.030 xx =0.010 xxx =0.

005 SVC xxxx=0.001 Monroe N-CAROLINA DRAWING NAME Liquor Heater December 18.010 2/6/99 xxx =0. Acid out COLLECTED BY EN Condensate out Steam in 282 DRAWING # INDEX liqheat .•Aquecimento de Liquor Liquor Heater Schematic Liquor in Upper Liquor out Liquor in Lower Liquor out Acid in Upper Liquor heater Reserve Liquor heater Big Wafer Liquor Heater Valves Lower Liquor heater IND DATE NAME CHANGES TOLERANCES x MATERIAL DATE+SIGN =0.030 xx =0.

429 128.679 4.001 December 18.7deep 10 plcs 10.750 7.010 12/19/96 xxx =0.143 Drill .030 xx =0.000 IND DATE NAME CHANGES TOLERANCES MATERIAL DATE+SIGN x =0.005 xxxx=0.4221 deep Tap 1/2-13 .250 15. COLLECTED BY EN 16" Big Wafer 283 Valve DRAWING NAME Assembly SVC Monroe N-CAROLINA DRAWING # INDEX 16943a .562 through 24 plcs ø13.625 ø0.•Armazenagem de cal ou cinzas 84.250 3.

Bore 5/12/93 xx =0.005 xxxx=0.001 Seat Cut Ring Insert December 18.206 12.500 22.030 Rail Side Plate xxx =0.•Válvulas CR 2.700 38.281 61.700 IND DATE NAME CHANGES TOLERANCES MATERIAL DATE+SIGN x =0.002 SVC Monroe N-CAROLINA DRAWING # INDEX 08253a 284 .500 hardened areas ø7.010 8" Big Wafer Insert Valve blade plated hardened 3 hard ring DRAWING NAME Blade Assembly COLLECTED BY EN Gap between Wiper and blade .750 9.031 9.750 ø7.

750 57.030 12/7/99 xx =0. COLLECTED BY EN Stargate O-Port Valve 8" 285 DRAWING NAME Assembly SVC Monroe N-CAROLINA DRAWING # INDEX 08121a .001 December 18.010 xxx =0.531 ø7.350 Closed IND DATE NAME CHANGES TOLERANCES MATERIAL DATE+SIGN x =0.700 84.005 xxxx=0.320 Seat Exchange 2.031 Open 25.•Válvulas IS 11.

005 286 xxxx=0.750 16.500 C Closed-Empty Sand IND DATE NAME CHANGES TOLERANCES MATERIAL DATE+SIGN x =0.500 11/21/98 xxx =0.654 60.001 Big Wafer 8" DRAWING NAME Assembly SVC Monroe N-CAROLINA DRAWING # INDEX 08671a .•Válvula de Areia 104.010 D December 18.700 14.654 A 22. COLLECTED BY EN ø7.500 Open-Collect Sand B ø7.700 E 14.030 xx =0.

010 10/22/98 xxx =0.000 Accumulator A E A P E P A Pilot line P 52.030 xx =0.000 55.397 Fail Open Valve Filter 24.•Automação P 118.554 53.500 13.005 xxxx=0.000 ø24.001 December 18.727 ø24.554 94.727 IND DATE NAME CHANGES TOLERANCES MATERIAL DATE+SIGN x =0.554 Fail Closed Valve Customer to Supply Filter Flow Control Junction Box Press Switch Check Valve C1 55. COLLECTED BY EN A E P A P E Pilot line A P E SV2 SV1 SV3 Stainless Valve Co 24 " 300 psi DRAWING NAME Assembly Monroe 287 N-CAROLINA DRAWING # INDEX 24702a .600 E SV2 SV1 SV3 5.