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# DESIGN METHODS &

APPLICATIONS
WEEK 13
Design of Machine Elements
(Power & Torque)
PowerPoint Slides
Lecturer
Nur Hasalli Binti Hj Ibrahim
Last Updated:December 20, 2015

Chapter Overview
Chapter 12 introduced you to the integration of
design of machine elements with CAD system.
You will manage various commands from ribbon
or toolbar for design accelerator.
You will manage interaction between design
accelerator with content center.
You will learn the major machine elements used
in the industry now.
You will control the basic manual calculation for
every machine elements with design accelerator
Last Updated:December 20, 2015

Learning Objectives
Describe why the use of graphics is an effective
means of communicating when designing.
Understand basic major machine elements.
Understand the process to calculate basic major
machine elements manually.
Understand the commands for design accelerator
for basic major machine elements.
Compare manual calculation and design
accelerator for basic major machine elements.
Last Updated:December 20, 2015

Learning Outcomes
Students are required to understand the definition of
engineering design.
Students are able to differentiate functionality of AutoCAD
with Autodesk Inventor.
Students are able to create basic major machine
elements (shaft, gear, spring, bearing, etc).
Students are able to obtain 3D models of basic major
machine elements automatically by using design
accelerator.
Students are able to calculate basic major machine
elements manually and compare it with design
accelerator.
Students will understand the importance of learning CAD
system to create or improve their product design.
Last Updated:December 20, 2015

## Torque & Power

Eg.Taking account of the efficiencies of the load devices given above in
Table 1 and assuming an overall efficiency of 88% for the splitter
gearbox determine the output power required from the diesel engine.
These calculations must take account of the efficiencies of the load
devices and also of the gearbox, which may be assumed to be
around 88%. From the power value calculated determine the torque
being developed. The formula for the output power from an hydraulic
pump is given by:
Po = Q x p
Where, Po = Output Power (kW);
Q = Flow Rate (m3/s);
p = Pressure difference across the pump (N/m2)

## To allow easy removal of the generator and/or the pump during

maintenance or replacement it has been decided to use tubular drive
shafts fitted with keys to connect the output from the splitter box to
the input shafts A and B. Each of the output shafts from the splitter
box has the same diameter as its the input shaft on the
corresponding load device. The output shaft from the diesel engine
has a diameter of 40mm and the input shaft to the splitter box is also
40mm. Once again the connection for these two shafts is to be made
via a hollow circular shaft.

## Torque & Power

To improve fuel consumption and to increase engine longevity it is
fitted with an EMU which will maintain the running speed at a
constant level, regardless of the load conditions. The torque
characteristic curve of the diesel engine is shown in the diagram
below.

Assumption:

## It is assumed that efficiency for the splitter gearbox is 88%.

Frictional forces are negligible.
Given information:

## Torque & Power

1. Power Output for the hydraulic pump
Note;
Where;
Po = Output Power (kW);
Q = Flow Rate (m3/s);
P = Pressure difference across the pump (N/m2)
Conversions
Flow rate (Q) from (lit/min) to (m3/s)
m3/s

## Torque & Power

Conversions
Pressure (P) from (bar) to (N/m2)
Recall,

8.78 KW

## 2. Input power into the pump

From table 1, the overall efficiency of the pump is 58%. Therefore 58% of
the output power for the pump is the input power into the pump.

## Torque & Power

3. Power input for the generator
The power input for the generator is 68% of the output power given in
Table 1. Output power = 5KW

## Torque & Power

3. Total Power output from splitter gearbox
This is given by the sum of the power input to the pump and power input to
the generator
Hence the total power output from splitter gearbox is

## Torque & Power

4. Power output from diesel engine
Referring to Table 1, the diesel engine has 88% efficiency; the power output
from diesel engine is 88% of total output from the splitter box.

## 5. Torque being developed

Torque (N.m) = Power (KW) x 60,000/ (2 x engine speed)
Where, engine speed (approximate 1,150rpm) is gotten from the engine
power characteristic curve diagram (Figure 4.0 below) at 25.5 KW power.

References

## Joseph E. Shigley & Charles R. Mischke,

Mechanical Engineering Design, 8th Edition,
McGraw-Hill, 2006
Swift K. G. & Booker J. D., Process selection:
from design to manufacture, Arnold, London,
1997.
Corbett J., Dooner M. & Meleka J., Design for
manufacture: strategies principles and