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By :

Fitri Octaria (F1022141009)

Syifa Deanti (F1022141031)
Vaneza Gity Pramaygeesella

• The Lotos Easters. Chiefly Lyrical (1830) and Poems (1833) were an improvement. but the thought is not deep. • His Poems.ALFRED LORD TENNYSON • At that time. though they were still the work of a young man. the early poems of Alfred Lord Tennyson were much criticized but in his later books he rewrote some and omitted others altogether. a poem on the wanderings of Ulysses and his men. The music is there already. gives a taste of the rhythm of which Tennyson was a master: .

we will not wander more. the shore Than labourB on the deep mid-ocean.Surely. surely slumberA is more sweet than toilB. wind and wave and oar! Oh rest ye. brother marinersC . A sleep B hard work C sailors .

• Tennyson knew well that more thought was needed in great work. choosing each word and Its exact place with close attention. In Morte D’ Arthur he put Malory’s story into blank verse in which the magic voice may clearly be heard : • Idyll. descriptive poem. and in 1842 he published two books of poems which are serious and thoughtful as well as musical. • Part of and illustration from Tennyson’s form. • Tennyson had become a very careful artist. . The idylls of the King showing Guinevere and Lancelot.

yielding place to new. And God fulfilsB himself in many ways Last one good custom should corruptC the world. The old older changeth. Pray for my soul’ A ship B reaches his aim C ruin . Comfort thyself! What comfort is in me? I have lived my life. • Sir Bedivere. and that which I have done May He within himself make pure! But thou. asks what he can do now: And slowly answered Arthur from the bargeA. in sorrow because of the end of the Round Table and the death of the other knights. If thou shouldst never see my face again. • The Passing of Arthur describes at the end how Sir Bedivere places the wounded king in the ship which is carrying the queen (see page 19).• The Idylls of the King included this short poem and others on the same story.

a metre used for heroic verse by ancient Greek and Latin poets but difficult to write well in English . . Though the poem has its fine qualities. strictly controlled in form by old custom. A blow B search for C tall tress which grow in hot countries • This is also the metre that used for his long poem In Memoriam (1833-50). Wild wind. • 2 Hexameter.2 like Clough . For example. the line has six feet. I seekB a warmer sky And I will see before I die The palmsC and temples of the south. who died in Vienna at the early age of 22. and he was fond of the four-line stanza rhyming abba : Yet waftA me from the harbour mouth. and elegy for his friend Hallam. he tried hexameters.• Tennyson used many metres and made experiments with new ones.

• • • The poem in Dramatic Lyrics (1842) and Dramatic Romances (1845) are a great advance on Browning’s dramas.• • One of his successful dramatic poems is (1841) this a girl. Pippa. and her song influences people who (unknown to her) hear it. (A’ thousand guilders! Come. . There is some difficulty when he goes for his agreed pay. Morning’s at seven … All’s right with the world. and they all dissapear into a hill. Part of it is as cheerful as Browning himself : The year’s at the Spring The day’s at the morn . The Pied Riper of Hameli a poem in the second of these books. wanders through the town singing. described the removal of rats from a city by a musician whose music leads them away. take fifty !’) and so he leads the children away like the rats.

Robert Browning and his wife Elizabeth Barret Browning • Browning’s difficult style is the result of his unusual knowledge of words and his bold ways of building sentences. gives something of Browning’s philosopy. Dramatis Personnar (1864). It contains the line : Irks care the crop-full bird? Frets doubt the maw-crammed beast? . Rabbi ben Ezra.

Sunset ran. ‘ Browning had a neat way of expressing ideas. worry) the beast whose stomach is full? No. Not tonight.• This difficult pair of questions would be written by another author as ‘Does care irk (trouble) a bird whose stomach is full? Does doubt fret (trouble. one glorious blood-red. I must bury sorrow Out of sight. nobly Cape Saint Vincent to the north west died away . reeking A into Cadiz Bay A like smoke (HOME THOUGHTS FROM ABROAD) Who knows but the world may end tonight ? Never the time and the place And the loved one all together! (NEVER THE TIME AND THE PLACE) . A few examples may be interesting : That shall be tomorrow. (A WOMAN’S LAST WORD) Oh. to be in England Now that April’s there. (HOME THOUGHTS FROM ABROAD) Nobly.

Never dreamed. who do not always have the same view of the details. I warmed both hands before the fire of life . but there were other great poets. Never doubted clouds would break. • On the day of Browning’s death a volume. are baffledE to fight better. art. Nature I loved. though right were worstedB. • WALTER SAVAGE LANDOR was chiefly a writer of prose. told in various ways by different people. .• The Ring and the Book (1868-9) is a poem based on a book that he fond in Florence. was published which contained many fine poems including the following lincs : One who never turned his back. for none was worth my stife . A few lines that he wrote at the end of a long life easily find room in the memory : I stroveA with none. but marehed breast A forward. and next to nature. by her husband. It is an old story of the murder of a wife. Pompilia. This is the ‘Book’ of the title. but some of his verse is important. A chest B beaten C succeed D believed E puzzled • Tennyson and Browning were the two greatest poetic figures of their time. Asolando. Sleep to wake. wrong would triumphC HeldD we fall to rise.

has been highly praised. perhaps because it is not altogether sad. Rugby Chapel (1867) (‘Coldly. the son of Dr Arnold. his sad • Memorial Verses (1850) are a lament for that poet’s death. One of his other poems. • He was unable to find rest. A German poet. and much of his work is sad. sadly descends the autumn evening’).• MATTHEW ARNOLD. and Greece Long since saw Bryon’s struggle ceaseB. but Arnold’s anxieties appear once more : This strange disease of modern life With its sick hurry and divided aims. . He made a fine collection of Wordsworth’s poetry . whom he praised too much. Empedocles on Etna. and for the deaths of other poets at home and abroad : GoetheA in Weimar sleeps. • There are good descriptions of the country. • Arnold was weighed down by the problems of his time. wrote a poem on the school. and greatly admired Wordsworth’s calmness. 1749-1832 B end C silent D grave • Arnold wrote a critical sonnet on Shakespeare. headmaster of Rugby. But one such death remained to come : The last poetic voice is dumbC We stand today by Wordsworth’s tombD.

to the ‘ancient l’yrical c’adence B A B fruit . In front. and the orehardA sl’opes and the ‘Anio F’alling. You may seem to be failing. it is written in hexameters. Some of his early work. the sun climbs slow – how slowly ! But westward. comes in the light . • Say not the struggle naught availeth [ = Do not say the struggle is useless ] is a cry of encouragement. Like another of his poems. such as Easter Day. look ! The land is bright ! • Clough’s Amours de Vayage (1849) ( = Loves when travelling) is a taste of more modern poetry before its time. wrote a few important poems. Arnold’s friend. but perhaps your unseen friends are winning the battle : And not by eastern windows only When daylight comes. he falling sound . and he writes in a conversational way : T’iber is b’eautiful t’oo. Naples (1849) is good. f’alling y’et.• ARTHUR HUGH CLOUGH. common in Latin but not in English .

and his poems have been criticized as belonging to the ‘Freshly School’ of poetry. in whose praise Thy voice and hand shake still – long known to thee By flying hair and fluttering hemA – the beat A waving edge (SOUL’S BEAUTY) • Rosetti wrote about nature with his eye on it. -How long ago I may not know : But just when at the swallow’s soarA Your neck turned so. . • Rosetti was a painter as well as a poet. I knew it all of yoreB A bird’s flying up B in old times (SUDDEN LIGHT) This is that lady beauty. Some veil did fall. Rosetti was too fond of alliteration . But he replied that poetry ought to be based on the senses. but he did not feel it in his bones as Wordsworth does . he studied it. Many of his lines are clearly written by a man with a painter’s eye : She had a mouth mad to bring death to life (A LAST CONFRESSION) You have been mine before.• The sonnets of DANTE GABRIEL ROSSETI are among the most musical in English.


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