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Presentation Topics

By: Jaffar shah & Asim Zohaib

Class# 24 & 04

Definition of Stress
Causes of Stress

Intra Individual Conflict

Effect of Stress & Intra Individual Conflict

Coping Strategies
Negotiation Skills

Stress is your body's response to
certain situations
Stress can affect your physical
health, your mental health, and your
Stressis simply a reaction to a
stimulus that disturbs our physical or
mental equilibrium.

Positive Stress
Stimulate persons to perform better
by making him or her work
A person can perceive a particular
situation, such as a new job, or
meeting a famous personality, as
exciting as well as inspiring.

Examples of Eustress

Examples of Distress





1. Acute Stress
Acute distress is the most common type of stress that
comes suddenly, leaving you panic and confusion.
Though acute stress only for a short duration.
Its comes from the daily demand and pressures.
Acute stress often produces the 'flight or fight' response
in an individual. A job interview, or an exam for which
you have not prepared adequately are some examples of
acute stress. The symptoms of acute stress can be easily
identified. Such symptoms can include emotional
distress, headaches, migraines, increased heart rate,
dizziness(a feeling that you are about to fall
), shortness of breath, cold hands or feet, and excessive

2. Episodic Stress
Acute stress that is suffered too frequently is called episodic stress.
The term 'episodic stress' is usually used for a situation when acute
stress becomes the norm. So, episodic stress is characterized by
frequent episodes of acute stress. People having this type of stress
often find themselves struggling to organize their life and complete
the never-ending list of things to be done. They often put
unnecessary demands and pressure on themselves, which can
eventually cause restlessness and irritability.
People suffering from acute episodic distress are always in a hurry.
This type of stress can cause work-related problems, besides
deteriorating interpersonal relationships. The most common
symptoms of episodic stress are irritability, persistent tension
headaches, migraines, hypertension, and chest pain.

3. Chronic Stress
Chronic stress is the total opposite of acute stress; its
not exciting and thrilling, but dangerous and unhealthy.
This type of stress is brought about by long-term
exposure to stressors, such as unhappy marriage,
traumatic experiences, unwanted career or job, stress of
poverty, chronic illnesses, relationship conflicts etc.
These stressful situations seem to be unending, and the
accumulated stress that results from exposure to them
can be life-threatening, and can even lead a person to
resort to violence, suicide and self-harm. Serious illnesses
like heart attack, cancer, and psychological problems
such as clinical depression and post-traumatic disorder
can come from chronic stress.

Chronic distress is the stress that persists for a long time. Chronic
stress usually stems from a long-lasting event or circumstance that
cannot be controlled. Poverty, feeling trapped in a detestable career,
a troubled relationship, and a traumatized childhood experience are
some examples of events or circumstances that can cause chronic
Chronic stress often creates a sense of hopelessness and misery, and
can bring disturbance on both physical and mental health. Mental
and physical weakness resulting from chronic stress can sometimes
cause health problems like, heart attacks and strokes. It can also lead
to depression, violence, and suicide in extreme cases. Perhaps the
worst aspect of chronic stress is that people get used to this type of
stress, and so it is often ignored or treated as a way of life. Treating
chronic stress is not easy; it usually requires medical and behavioral
treatment, along with stress management techniques.