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Your Nervous System

Peripheral Nervous System

Engage
 As a class visit IQ Test Labs at

www.intelligencetest.com/reflex/index.htm
 Select various students to come to the computer
and test their skills on the different reflex/reaction
tests. This website states that scientific tests have
shown that reaction times to simple tasks have
high correlations with g the general intelligence
factor. Students should have fun attempting these
reaction time games.

Explore  Muscle Messages .

Explain Section 35-3 The Nervous System is divided into Central nervous system Peripheral nervous system Motor nerves which consists of that make up Somatic nervous system Autonomic nervous system which is divided into Sympathetic nervous system Parasympathetic nervous system Sensory nerves .

PNS  1. Somatic Nervous System Autonomic Nervous System Sensory Division – transmits impulses from sense organs to CNS . NERVES that connect the central nervous system to the rest of the body Motor Division – impulses from CNS to muscles or glands  Two Parts:   2.

Motor Division PNS .

Somatic Nervous System  Controls voluntary movement of the skeletal muscles .

Controls internal organs during normal activity Sympathetic – increases heart rate  Controls internal organs during high stress activity .Autonomic Nervous System  Controls involuntary actions  Subdivided into two system that have opposite effects on the same organs: 1. Parasympathetic – decreases heart rate  2.

Sensory Division PNS .

Sensory Receptors WRITE INFO ON CONCEPT MAP  5 categories .

1. except brain  Respond to chemical released by damaged cells  Important to recognize  Danger  Injury  Disease . Pain Receptors  Throughout body.

2. Thermoreceptors  In skin. body core. hypothalamus  Detect variations in body temperature .

skeletal muscle.3. Mechanoreceptors  Skin. and inner ears  Sensitive to  Touch  Pressure  Stretching  Sound  motion of muscles .

Chemoreceptors  Nose and Tongue  Chemical in external environment .4.

Figure 35-14 The Eye Section 35-4 Vitreous humor Muscle Lens Fovea Aqueous humor Cornea Pupil Optic nerve Iris Blood vessels Ligaments Retina Choroid Sclera .

5. Photoreceptors  Eyes  Sensitive  DO to Light NOT WRITE NEXT INFO – IT IS ON YOUR SHEET .

 Cornea      Tiny muscles regulate the size Regulates amount of light Lens    Back of cornea Colored part of eye Pupil   Helps focus light Filled with aqueous humor Iris   Vision Small muscles change its shape to focus on object near and far away Behind lens eye filled with vitreous humor Retina    Has photoreceptors No photoreceptors where optic nerve passes through the back of the eye. 2. Rods – black and white Cones – color . blind spot Two types 1.

Pathway for Vision Reception  Light  cornea  iris and pupil  lens  Retina to photoreceptors  Rods  Cones  Optic  Brain – Fovea Nerve .

Figure 35-15 The Ear Section 35-4 Hammer Anvil Stirrup Oval window Semicircular canals Cochlear nerve Cochlea Bone Auditory canal Tympanum Round window Eustachian tube .

Hearing and Balance  Ear  Two Functions  Hearing  Detecting Positional change to movement .

Stirrup.Hearing       Sound – air vibrations Auditory canal – funnels air to tympanum (ear drum) Tymapnum – vibrates Hammer. Anvil.vibrate and transmit vibrations to oval window Cochlea – filled with fluid and vibrations create pressure waves in the inner ear Tiny hairs respond to waves and send messages to brain via the cochlear nerve .

Balance  Semicircular 3 Canals canals that form half circles  Filled with fluid and hairs that detect motion of head in relation to gravity .

Figure 35-15 The Ear Section 35-4 Hammer Anvil Stirrup Oval window Semicircular canals Cochlear nerve Cochlea Bone Auditory canal Tympanum Round window Eustachian tube .

Smell and Taste  Chemoreceptors pick up chemical reception in nose and mouth  Smell – olfactory bulb  Taste – taste buds  Salty  Bitter  Sour  Sweet .

The Senses of Smell and Taste Section 35-4 Olfactory (smell) bulb Taste sensory area Olfactory nerve Thalamus Cerebral cortex Smell receptor Nasal cavity Smell sensory area Taste bud Taste pore Taste receptor Sensory nerve fibers .

Touch and Related Senses  Largest sense organ?  SKIN  Sensory Receptors  Temperature  Touch  Pain  Greatest  Fingers  Toes  Face density of touch receptors .

Concept Map Section 35-3 The Nervous System is divided into Central nervous system Peripheral nervous system Motor nerves which consists of that make up Somatic nervous system Autonomic nervous system which is divided into Sympathetic nervous system Parasympathetic nervous system Sensory nerves .

Elaborate  Reflex Arc Lab .