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Biologi SPM

Kertas 3
4551/3

(a) Classifing
material
2% sodium hydrogen
carbonate solution
hydrilla

apparatus
60 w bulb
Ruler
Boiling tube
Clip paper
retord stand

(b) Record Data


Distance between
light source and
hydrilla

the total number of


bubbles released

60 cm

10

50 cm

12

40 cm

15

30 cm

20

(c)(i)Observing
what can be seen from data(result)
P1: MV
P2: RV
P3: the RESULT (value with unit)
Samples answer
At the distance of 60cm (P1), the the
total number of bubbles released (P2) is
10 (P3)
At the distance of 30cm (P1), the the
total number of bubbles released (P2) is
20 (P3)

(c)(ii) Making Inferens-

based
from question/aim of experiment

P1: light intensity (mv- based from aim of experiment)


P2: rate of photosynthesis (mv- based from aim of
experiment)
R: gas oxygen is produced by plant
Any 2 points get 3 marks

Samples answer

when the light intensity decrease (P1), the rate of


photosynthesis decrease (P2) because less gas oxygen is
produced by plant (R)

when the light intensity increase (P1), the rate of


photosynthesis increase (P2) because less gas oxygen is
produced by plant (R)
tips : make sure no repetition sentences from observation

(d) Controlling variables


Variables

Particular to implemented

Manipulated
Distance between the
light sources

Changes the environment


Places the simple potometer / apparatus in
different environment ,a room with air movement
and then (in a room) without air movement / still air

Responding
the total number of
bubbles released //
rate of photosynthesis

Record and count the total number of bubbles


released using a stopwatch // record &
calculate the rate of photosynthesis using the
formula (formula must be stated)
=

Controlled
time taken for counting
the total number of
bubble release

Fixed at 5 minutes

(e)Stating hypothesis
P1 state the manipulated variable
P2 state the responding variable
P3 state the relationship between K1 and
K2
If the light intensity (P1) in the
increases (P3), the rate of
photosynthesis (P2) also increases (P3)
*

if vice versa gets only 1 mark


EXAMPLE: MV increase, RV Increase/decrease

(f)(i) construct table


Distance between the
light sources
In 5 min (cm)

60

50

40

30

Total number of
bubbles released in 5
minutes

10

12

15

20

Light intensity (1/cm) /


cm-1

0.017

0.020 0.025 0.03


3

T table, D data
C - calculation

(f) (ii)Interpret data

(g) [KB0607 Using Spatial


and Time Relationship]
R-relationship based from graph
E1: rate of photosynthesis increase
E2: more oxygen gas is produced

the light intensity in the increases ,the


rate of photosynthesis also increases
(R) because more oxygen gas is produced
(E1) and rate of photosynthesis increase

(E2)

If relationship is wrong, any E is rejected


0 mark

(h)prediction
Able to predict correctly and explain the
prediction based on the following criteria ;
P1 total numbers of gas bubbles released
increase
P2 the rate of photosynthesis increase
P3 2 sprigs have more leaves
Sample question :
total numbers of gas bubbles released increase
and the rate of photosynthesis increase because
2 sprigs have more leaves

(i)Defining by operation]
K1 gas bubble released oxygen
produced(from result)
K2 occuring in Hydrilla sp. Which place in
sodium hydrogen carbonate solution (based
from diagram or informaton given in
question)
K3 hypothesis (data) when the distance
between light source and hydrilla increase,
the number of bubbles released in 5
minutes decrease
Sample answer :
Photosynthesis is gas bubble released (K1) which
occuring in Hydrilla sp. Which place in sodium
hydrogen carbonate solution (K2) .