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# Biologi SPM

Kertas 3
4551/3

(a) Classifing
material
2% sodium hydrogen
carbonate solution
hydrilla

apparatus
60 w bulb
Ruler
Boiling tube
Clip paper
retord stand

Distance between
light source and
hydrilla

## the total number of

bubbles released

60 cm

10

50 cm

12

40 cm

15

30 cm

20

(c)(i)Observing
what can be seen from data(result)
P1: MV
P2: RV
P3: the RESULT (value with unit)
At the distance of 60cm (P1), the the
total number of bubbles released (P2) is
10 (P3)
At the distance of 30cm (P1), the the
total number of bubbles released (P2) is
20 (P3)

## (c)(ii) Making Inferens-

based
from question/aim of experiment

## P1: light intensity (mv- based from aim of experiment)

P2: rate of photosynthesis (mv- based from aim of
experiment)
R: gas oxygen is produced by plant
Any 2 points get 3 marks

## when the light intensity decrease (P1), the rate of

photosynthesis decrease (P2) because less gas oxygen is
produced by plant (R)

## when the light intensity increase (P1), the rate of

photosynthesis increase (P2) because less gas oxygen is
produced by plant (R)
tips : make sure no repetition sentences from observation

## (d) Controlling variables

Variables

Particular to implemented

Manipulated
Distance between the
light sources

## Changes the environment

Places the simple potometer / apparatus in
different environment ,a room with air movement
and then (in a room) without air movement / still air

Responding
the total number of
bubbles released //
rate of photosynthesis

## Record and count the total number of bubbles

released using a stopwatch // record &
calculate the rate of photosynthesis using the
formula (formula must be stated)
=

Controlled
time taken for counting
the total number of
bubble release

Fixed at 5 minutes

(e)Stating hypothesis
P1 state the manipulated variable
P2 state the responding variable
P3 state the relationship between K1 and
K2
If the light intensity (P1) in the
increases (P3), the rate of
photosynthesis (P2) also increases (P3)
*

## if vice versa gets only 1 mark

EXAMPLE: MV increase, RV Increase/decrease

## (f)(i) construct table

Distance between the
light sources
In 5 min (cm)

60

50

40

30

Total number of
bubbles released in 5
minutes

10

12

15

20

cm-1

0.017

3

T table, D data
C - calculation

## (g) [KB0607 Using Spatial

and Time Relationship]
R-relationship based from graph
E1: rate of photosynthesis increase
E2: more oxygen gas is produced

## the light intensity in the increases ,the

rate of photosynthesis also increases
(R) because more oxygen gas is produced
(E1) and rate of photosynthesis increase

(E2)

## If relationship is wrong, any E is rejected

0 mark

(h)prediction
Able to predict correctly and explain the
prediction based on the following criteria ;
P1 total numbers of gas bubbles released
increase
P2 the rate of photosynthesis increase
P3 2 sprigs have more leaves
Sample question :
total numbers of gas bubbles released increase
and the rate of photosynthesis increase because
2 sprigs have more leaves

(i)Defining by operation]
K1 gas bubble released oxygen
produced(from result)
K2 occuring in Hydrilla sp. Which place in
sodium hydrogen carbonate solution (based
from diagram or informaton given in
question)
K3 hypothesis (data) when the distance
between light source and hydrilla increase,
the number of bubbles released in 5
minutes decrease