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BEYOND AGRICULTURE BUILDING LINKAGES

FOR THE POOR

Presented by Y.Kayandabila
Ministry of Agriculture Food Security and
Cooperatives
25th November 2013

Outline
Introduction
Sector Performance
Opportunities for Small Scale Rural
Producers in Accessing Inputs
Government Agricultural Sector
Initiatives
What Needs to be done to ensure
Sustainability
Conclusion

Introduction

Agricultural Sector remains the Foundation of the


Economy.
It accounts for:
24.7 per cent of the GDP
About 20 percent of traditional export earnings
Provides 95 percent of food requirement
Employs 75 per cent of the population
Control of inflation, since food contributes about
55.9% of the inflation basket
Highest multiplier effect in the economy

..Critical to Reducing Poverty


Real GDP breakdown by sector
Percent

Other

100% =
TZS 4.1 tril.

Others

Service
sServices

Indust
ry
Industry

15

72

Fishing

Workforce breakdown by
sector
Percent, 2009
100% = 20.3 million
employed

Hunting
And forestry

Services

Livestock

Industry

Crops

Agriculture

20

75

Agricultu
re
Agriculture

201
1
The
The sector
sector is
is critical
critical to
to reducing
reducing poverty
poverty

201
2

Out of
which
56% are
women

Sector performance...

The sector has maintained a steady growth rate of over


4% which is above population growth of 2.8%

Opportunities for SmallScale rural Producers in


accessing inputs
Existence of Supportive Sectoral, Macro
Policies and Programs
NAP,
2013
envisage
creating
modern,
commercial, highly productive and profitable
agric sector
ASDP
AGITF
Tax and non tax incentives
Establishment of Agric Window TIB/ Agric Bank

Opportunities for SmallScale rural Producers in


accessing inputs
Input Subsidy Program (National
Agricultural Input Voucher System -NAIVS
and Credit systems)
PPP ASA and Suba Agro Trading & Eng.
Co Ltd produce seeds in Mbozi seed
farm
Involves LGAs to produce Quality
Declared Seeds

Input accessibility
In year 2012/2013
Seed

Fertilizer

DEMAND-MT.

60,000

452,202

AVAILABILITY-MT

30,443

240,350

GAP

29,557

211,852

49%

47%

Investment in Seeds

Food Self Sufficiency Ratio

Irrigation infrastructure
Land potential
i.Endowed with 44 million hectares of
arable land, 10.8 million hectares,
equivalent to 24 percent, is under crop
production.
Irrigation
i
Mitigates vagaries of weather;
ii
Yield is more than 2-3 times
compared to rain-fed;
Irrigation Potential
i.Irrigation potential estimated to be 29.4
million ha, out of which 2.3 million ha of
high potential, 4.8million ha medium
potential and 22.3 million ha of low
potential suitable for irrigation.
ii. 450,392 is used about 1.53%
iii. about 5% of households use irrigation
facilities
11

Irrigation Initiatives
The MAFC intends to increase area under irrigation
to reach 1 million hectares by 2015.
Under BRN, it is planned to increase area under
irrigation by 389,000 hectares which will add up to
the current 450,392 hectares under irrigation.
Development of 40 irrigation schemes with
capacity of irrigating 28,114 hectares
is in
progress under the planned activities in 2013/14.
Further development of irrigation infrastructure is
implemented under various initiatives including
Government, JICA, WB, USAID-Feed the Future and
others to support smallholder farmers.

..91% of agriculture land in use is driven by smallholders


farmers
44 million hectares
Arable land
14 million hectares
Smallholders
Smallholders average farm
size is 0.2 to 2 hectares
The main source of income
is sales of food crops
1.5 million hectares
Commercial farming
There are 1,006 large scale
farms in Tanzania with the
average size of 1,107
hectares

Investment in
Infrastructure
Investment in rural infrastructure (rural
roads,
water
supply,
transportation,
processing facilities, communication and
electrification.
SAGCOT, and BRN initiatives 275 Collective
Warehouse based market scheme.
Focus on improving Warehouse Receipt
System for enhanced market access to be
linked with Commodity Exchange (TCX)

Investment in Mechanization

Tractors Scheme
Increased areas under crop production
Reduced drudgery of agriculture hence increased more
participation of youths in agriculture undertaking
The number of tractors imported through tractor
scheme of AGITF

Empowerment through Producer


Organization Farmers Group

Associations, Cooperatives and groups are


key stakeholders for the sector and inclusive
growth
Avenue for cost reduction of various services
like delivery of loan, inputs, extension
services and market information
Initiative to increased cooperative movement
include the amendment of cooperative law
and preparation of Cooperative Development
Strategy

Cooperative Societies

Technological Advancement for increased


Productivity

Central to accelerating agricultural growth


Important for release of new varieties and
breeders seeds
Years

Variety
released

Breeders
Seeds

Seed
Supplied
(MT)

2011/2012

16

29.2

28,770.2

2012/2013

22

17.4

30,403.9

Developed Human Capital in the sector

Target to have 1 extension officer in


every village which total to 15,082
extension officers
Currently about 7,974 extension
officers equivalent to 53% of the
target
In collaboration with LGAs a total of
2,546 extension officers were recruited
in March, 2013.

Developed Human Capital in the sector

What Needs to be Done

Implement the BRN initiative


Promote Research and Development
Scale up input subsidies
Promoting Irrigation farming
Promoting mechanization in agriculture
Reduce Pre and Post Harvest losses
Emphasis on Rural Employment and Decent
work
Enhance Marketing and Value addition
Sustainable Land Use Planning and Water
Resources

Conclusion
Science and Innovation have always
been the key forces behind agricultural
growth in particular and economic
transformation in general.
More specifically, the ability to add
value to agricultural produce via the
application of scientific knowledge to
entrepreneurial activities stands out
as one of the most important lessons of
Economic History.

THANK YOU FOR LISTENING

ASANTE SANA