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THEORIES
OF
Ê SLOW·S NEEDS
THEORY
HEZBERG·S
TWO F TOR
THEORY
ÊGREGOR·S THEORY X ND Y

ÊGregor, an erian soial


psyologist , proposed teories on
beaviour of individuals at work ,e as
forulated 2 p 
Teory X and Teory Y

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THEORY X THEORY Y
SSUÊTIONS SSUÊTIONS

Effort in work is as
Te average uan natural as work and
being as an play
inerent dislike of ontrol and
punisent are not
work and will avoid te only ways to
it if e/se an ake people work
an will diret
Êost people ust iself if e is
be oitted to te
ontrolled/treate goals of te org
ned if tey are to If a job is satisfying
ten te result will
work ard be oitent to
Te average uan te organisation
Te average an
prefers to be learns not only to
direted, dislikes aept but to seek
responsibility, is responsibility
unabiguous, and
desires seurity
above everyting
else
Effets on Êanageent
Teory X:
1. Êanagers· leadersip styles are autorati and te
ouniation flow is downward fro anagers to te
eployees. Tis ay ause resistane fro eployees.
2. Te upper setting of objetives gets little or no partiipation
fro eployees.
3. It results in outside, ontrol, wit te anager ating as a
perforane judge wo fouses generally on te past.
Effets on Êanageent
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Teory X and Teory Y in te 21st
entury

1. ÊGregor·s works on Teory X and Teory Y ave ad a


great ipat on anageent ideology and pratie. Tey
ave been inluded in ost basi anageent books. Tese
books are still faing people of anageent today.
2. s for te pratie of anageent, te workplae of te
21st entury, wi epasizes on self-anaged work teas
and oter fors of worker involveent progras, generally
goes wit te priniples of Teory Y.
LDERFER·S
ERG THEORY
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FORÊUL

PERSON¶S OUTCOME = OTHER¶S OUTCOME


PERSONS¶S INPUT OTHER¶S INPUT
ONDITON OF INEQUITY

 

PERSON¶S OUTCOME < OTHER¶S OUTCOME


PERSONS¶S INPUT OTHER¶S INPUT

o POSTIVE
PERSON¶S OUTCOME > OTHER¶S OUTCOME
PERSONS¶S INPUT OTHER¶S INPUT
NEED FOR OWER
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