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MATHS PROJECT

“RATE OF URBANIZATION
IN INDIA
ITS POSITIVE AND
NEGATIVE
effects “

URBANIZATION
URBANIZATION

Is the physical growth of urban areas as a result of rural migration and
even suburban concentration into cities, particularly the very large ones.
The United Nations projected that half of the world's population would live
in urban areas at the end of 2008. By 2050 it is predicted that 64.1% and
85.9% of the developing and developed world respectively will be
urbanized .Urbanization is closely linked to modernization, industrialization
, and the sociological process of rationalization. Urbanization can describe
a specific condition at a set time, i.e. the proportion of total population or
area in cities or towns, or the term can describe the increase of this
proportion over time. So the term urbanization can represent the level of
urban development relative to overall population, or it can represent the
rate at which the urban proportion is increasing.
Urbanization is not merely a modern phenomenon, but a rapid and historic
transformation of human social roots on a global scale, whereby
predominantly rural culture is being rapidly replaced by
predominantly urban culture. The last major change in settlement patterns
was the accumulation of hunter-gatherers into villages many thousand
years ago. Village culture is characterized by common bloodlines, intimate
relationships, and communal behavior whereas urban culture is
characterized by distant bloodlines, unfamiliar relations, and competitive
behavior. This unprecedented movement of people is forecast to continue

Urbanization in India

Urbanization in India was mainly caused after independence, due to
adoption of mixed system of economy by the country which gave rise to
• Urbanization in India was mainly caused after independence, due to
the development of private sector. Urbanization is taking place at a faster
adoption of mixed system of economy by the country which gave rise to
rate in India. Population residing in urban areas in India, according to 1901
the development of private sector. Urbanization is taking place at a faster
census, was 11.4%. This count increased to 28.53% according to 2001
rate in India. Population residing in urban areas in India, according to 1901
census, and crossing 30% as per 2011 census, standing at
census, was 11.4%. This count increased to 28.53% according to 2001
31.16%. According to a survey by UN State of the World Population report
census, and crossing 30% as per 2011 census, standing at
in 2007, by 2030, 40.76% of country's population is expected to reside in
31.16%. According to a survey by UN State of the World Population report
urban areas. As per World Bank, India, along with China, Indonesia, Nigeria
in 2007, by 2030, 40.76% of country's population is expected to reside in
 and the United States, will lead the world's urban population surge by
urban areas. As per World Bank, India, along with China, Indonesia, Nigeria
2050.
 and the United States, will lead the world's urban population surge by
Mumbai saw
2050. large scale rural-urban migration in the 21st century. Mumbai
accommodates 12.5 million people, and is the largest metropolis by
• Mumbai saw large scale rural-urban migration in the 21st century. Mumbai
population in India, followed by Delhi with 11 million inhabitants.
accommodates 12.5 million people, and is the largest metropolis by
Witnessing the fastest rate of urbanisation in the world, as per 2011
population in India, followed by Delhi with 11 million inhabitants.
census, Delhi's population rose by 4.1%, Mumbai's by 3.1% and Kolkata's
Witnessing the fastest rate of urbanisation in the world, as per 2011
by 2% as per 2011 census compared to 2001 census. Estimated
census, Delhi's population rose by 4.1%, Mumbai's by 3.1% and Kolkata's
population, at the current rate of growth, by year 2015, Mumbai stands at
by 2% as per 2011 census compared to 2001 census. Estimated
25 million, Delhi and Kolkata at 16 million each, Bangalore and Hyderabad
population, at the current rate of growth, by year 2015, Mumbai stands at
 at 10 millionUrbanization in India was mainly caused after
25 million, Delhi and Kolkata at 16 million each, Bangalore and Hyderabad
independence, due to adoption of mixed system of economy by the
 at 10 millionUrbanization in India was mainly caused after
country which gave rise to the development of private sector.
independence, due to adoption of mixed system of economy by the

Population growth of INDIA

Causesof
ofUrbanization
Urbanization
Causes





I. Industrialization
ii. Social factors
iii. Employment opportunities
iv. Modernization
Rural urban transformation
Spread of education

Effect of Urbanization
• Positive effect:
• I. Migration of rural people to urban
areas.
• ii. Employment opportunities in
urban centres.
• iii. Transport and communication
facilities.
• iv. Educational facilities.
• v. Increase in the standard of living.

Adverse effects






I. Problem of over population
ii. Disintegration of Joint family
iii. Cost of living
iv. Increase in Crime rates
v. Impersonal relations:
vi. Problem of Pollution
viii. Stress

Rate of Urbanization
• The fastest rate of urbanization has been observed for top
three urban agglomerations in India. Urbanization is
taking place at a faster rate in India. As per report of the
technical group on population projections constituted by the
National Commission on Population (May 2006), the
urbanization in India would be 38.8% by the year 2026.
 According to a survey by UN State of the World Population
report in 2007, by 2030, 40.76% of country's population is
expected to reside in urban areas.  India will lead the
world's urban population surge by 2050 as per World Bank. 
Time will tell whether these projections would be true.  If
one fits the trend line to the data as below, one gets that
India may achieve the urbanization of 39.72% by the year
2050 only, if the trend continues.

Growing population

Trends in Urbanization