OBJECTIVES
At the end of this session, student will be able
to:
Describe the applications of directional drilling
techniques
Define the terms: KOP, BUR, Tangent section of
the well trajectory
Perform calculation for well trajectory operation
CONTENTS
Introduction
Applications
Reference Systems
Profile Planning
INTRODUCTION
SEABED
WELL 3
WELL 1
WELL 2
INTRODUCTION
Directional or deviated drilling is the
science of directing a wellbore along a
predetermined trajectory to intersect
a designated subsurface target
There are many reasons for drilling a
deviated well: .
APPLICATION
Multiwell Drilling
Sidetracking
Fault Drilling
Inaccessible Location
Relief Drilling
REFERENCE SYSTEM
Depth of a point:
Along Hole Depth (AHD)
True Vertical Depth (TVD)
RTE /RKB
MSL
TVD
AHD
Coordinates
WELLPATH PARAMETERS
There are 3
parameters which
must be considered
while planning
KickOff Point (KOP)
BuildUp Rate (BUR)
or DropOff Rate
(DOR)
Tangent Angle
Required information:
AHD of the KOP
TVD and horizontal displacement of the target
BUR for the BU section
TVD and horizontal displacement at which the BU stops
and tangent section commences
Direction in which the well is to be drilled after the KOP, in
degrees from North (defined by position of rig and target)
EXAMPLE
The planning procedure for the build and hole
trajectory is best illustrated by considering the
following example
Basic Data:
KOP
TVD of target
Horizontal Disp of Target BUR

2,000 ft
10,000 ft
3,000 ft
2 degrees/100 ft
EXAMPLE (contd)
1. Find radius or R of the build up
section:
36000
36000
R
2866.24 ft
2 BUR 2 2
2. Note that angle TEY = BOE.
From this information the distances
BX, XE, BE, EY can be calculated.
EXAMPLE (contd)
3. Calculate the tangent angle,
of the well (angle TEY):
3000 R
tan x
8000
x 0.96
R cos x
sin y
8000
y 20.99
x y 21.95
EXAMPLE (contd)
A
2R
BE
1097.5 ft
360
AE 2000 1097.5 3097.5 ft
5. Calculate TVD at the end of build section, AX = AB
+ BX
BX R sin 1071.39 ft
AX 2000 1071.39 3071.39 ft
EXAMPLE (contd)
A
XE OB OP R R cos
207.77 ft
3000 XE
ET
7470.3 ft
sin
AT 3097.5 7470.3 10567.8 ft
EXERCISE
A well will be drilled with a Type 1(Build & Hold)
profile.
KOP
TVD of target
Horizontal Disp of Target BUR

2500 ft
8000 ft
3500 ft
2.5 degrees/100 ft
Q&A