TAMU ± Pemex Offshore Drilling

Lesson 5B High-Pressure Riser
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Based on«

³Low Riser Return and Mudlift System,´ by Sigbjørn Sangesland and Børre Fossli. Proc. XIV Deep Offshore Tech. Conf., New Orleans, Nov. 13-15, 2002.
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Low Riser Return and Mudlift System 
High-Pressure ³Small´ Diameter Riser  Longer Hole Sections  Fewer Casing Strings  Mud Level in Riser far below Sea Level  Mud-Lift Pump keeps Mud Level low

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Standard Deep-water Drilling System using 18 ¾´ Wellhead and 21´ Riser

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Pore Pressure, Fracture Pressure and Casing Program
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13 5/8´ Wellhead and 12 ½´ Riser with Low Riser Return System (LRRS)
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Pore Pressure, Fracture Pressure and Casing Program for LRRS
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Cost Comparison between a Conventional 21´ and a 14¶ (12 ½´ ID) High-Pressure Riser System

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Some LRRS Advantages 
Wellbore pressures can be changed

without changing the mud weight  This is accomplished by raising or lowering the mud level in the riser Drilling with water and a reduced fluid level in the riser results in abnormally low pressures in the wellbore 

Underbalanced drilling can often be achieved  

The riser can act as a mud / gas separator
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More LRRS Advantages 
Well control is simplified  The riser can handle high pressures 

No choke or kill lines are necessary 

Drilling costs are reduced  Less time to run smaller riser  Use smaller rig  Fewer casing strings  Potential for 30% reduction in well costs
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