Old Testament

Week 11: Moses Origins, calling, and exodus

Hurricane West Stake Adult Religion Class

The name of the book
• Hebrew: ‫( ואלה שמות‬ve-eleh shemoth), “and these are the names” (Exodus 1:1). • Greek: εξοδου (exodos), “departure.”


Chronology of ancient Egypt



Ahmose I (c. 1539–1514 B.C.)


Thutmose III (1479–1426 B.C.)


Thutmose III (1479–1426 B.C.)


Ramesses II (1279–1213 B.C.)


Merneptah Stele

“Israel is wasted, bare of seed.”


Chronology of ancient Egypt


Moses’ name
• All Israelite infant males killed (Exodus 1:15–22). • Moses born of a Levite mother, raised by Pharaoh‟s daughter (2:1–10). • Hebrew ‫( משה‬mosheh), sounds like mashah, “to draw out.” • Egyptian (ms), “born of” (the Nile?).


Sinai Peninsula EGYPT



Moses’ priesthood line of authority
D&C 84:6–13
GOD Esaias Gad Jeremy Elihu Caleb Jethro Moses


‫ — שכינה‬shekinah


―Pillar of fire‖
• At the burning bush (Exodus 3). • At the Red Sea (Exodus 14:24). • At the dedication of the tabernacle (Exodus 40:34–38). • In Lehi‟s first vision (1 Nephi 1:5–6). • In Joseph Smith‟s First Vision (Joseph Smith—History 1:16).


―Pillar of light‖
“The light appeared to be gradually descending towards [Joseph]; and as it drew nearer, it increased in brightness and magnitude, so that, by the time that it reached the tops of the trees, the whole wilderness, for some distance around was illuminated in a most glorious and brilliant manner. He expected to have seen the leaves and boughs of the trees consumed, as soon as the light came in contact with them; but, perceiving that it did not produce that effect, he was encouraged with the hope of being able to endure its presence.” — Orson Pratt, 1840 (italics added)


―What is his name?‖

Moses said unto God, “Behold, when I come unto the children of Israel, and shall say unto them, „The God of your fathers hath sent me unto you‟; and they shall say to me, „What is his name?‟ what shall I say unto them?” 14And God said unto Moses, “I AM THAT I AM. Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, „I AM hath sent me unto you.‟ 15And God said moreover unto Moses, “Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, „The LORD God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, hath sent me unto you‟: This is my name for ever, and this is my memorial unto all generations.” — Exodus 3:13–15


The Divine Name

‫אהיה‬ ‫היה‬ ‫יהוה‬

’ehyeh haya yahwey

“I am” “to be” The divine name (tetragrammaton)


―Jehovah‖ in Genesis?
• By the name JEHOVAH he was not known to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob? (Exodus 6:3.) • “Jehovah” 162× in Genesis. • Compilation of different sources? (Documentary Hypothesis.) • JST: Rhetorical question.


Moses tries to get out of it
Moses‟ objection 3:11 3:13 4:1 The Lord‟s response 3:12 3:14 4:2–9




The plagues
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Blood (7:14–25). Frogs (7:25–8:11). Lice (8:16–19). Flies (8:20–32). Livestock killed (9:1–7). 6. 7. 8. 9. Boils (9:8–12). Hail (9:13–35). Locusts (10:1–20). Darkness (10:21–29). 10.Firstborn killed (11:1–12:36).



Passover symbolism
“Surely…you see the prophetic symbolism in the Passover. Christ was „the Lamb of God‟ (John 1:29, 36), the firstborn, male, without blemish. He was slain without breaking his bones, even though the soldiers were sent to do it. “But it is not from mortal death that we shall be spared in such a passover if we walk in obedience to [the] commandments, for each of us in time shall die. But there is spiritual death which you need not suffer. If you are obedient, that spiritual death will pass over you, for „Christ our passover is sacrificed for us,‟ the revelation teaches (1 Corinthians 5:7).” — Elder Boyd K. Packer, April 1996


Next week:
The Law and the tabernacle

Exodus 16–40, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy

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