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Chapter 13 Section 3
The Organs of the Excretory System
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The excretory system collects wastes produced by cells and removes the wastes from the body Excretion- process of removing wastes Urea- chemical that comes from the breakdown of proteins Kidneys- 2 major organs that eliminate urea, excess water, and some other waste materials Urine- watery fluid produced by kidneys that waste is eliminated in Ureters- two narrow tubes from which urine flows from the kidneys to the urinary bladder Urinary bladder- a sacklike muscular organ that stores urine Urethra- small tube from which urine leaves the body
The Excretory System
The Filtering Process
act as filters l Nephrons- tiny structures that remove wastes from blood and produce urine
Filtering Out Wastes
flows from the kidneys through arteries to capillaries in a nephron l Capillaries are surrounded by a capsule connected to a long tube l In the capillary cluster, urea, glucose, other chemicals, and some water move out of the blood and into the capsule
Formation of Urine
Urine forms from the filtered material that passes into the capsule l Filtered materials flow through the long, twisting tube l As liquid moves through the tube, many needed substances are reabsorbed into the blood stream l Urea and other wastes remain in the tube l Fluid remaining in the tube is urine
Analyzing Urine for Signs of Disease
analysis of urine can be useful in detecting some medical problems l Urine normally contains no glucose or protein l Glucose in urine may indicate diabetes l Protein in urine can be a sign of kidneys not functioning properly
Water Balance in the Body
excretory system helps maintain homeostasis by regulating the amount of water in the body l Your excretory system maintains the amount of water needed in the body by excreting excess fluid and reabsorbing needed fluids
Other Organs of Excretion
Most wastes produced by the body removed through the kidneys l Other organs of excretion are the lungs, skin, and liver l Lungs excrete carbon dioxide and water l Skin excretes wastes through perspiration l The liver breaks down wastes before they are excreted; old RBC hemoglobin recycles to bile
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What is the function of the excretory system? Describe the two stages of urine formation.
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What roles do the lungs, skin, and liver play in excretion?
How do the kidneys help regulate the amount of water in the body?