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Classroom Management

Femi Ardianingtias

Classrooms Need to Be Manage


The older view emphasized creating and applying rules to
control students behavior. The newer view focuses more
on students need for nurturing relationships and
opportunities for self-regulation
(Noddings, 2007)

Management issues :
Elementary Secondary School

The Crowded, Complex, and Potentially Chaotic Classroom

Six characteristics :
1. Classrooms are
multidimensional
2. Activities occur
simultaneously
3. Things happen quickly
4. Events are often
unpredictable
5. There is little privacy
6. Classrooms have histories

Getting off To The Right Start


1.

2.

Communicate your
rules and procedures to
the class and obtain
student cooperation in
following them

Strategies :

Get students to engage


effectively in all learning
activities

4.

1. Establish expectation for

2.
3.
5.
6.
7.

behavior and resolve student


uncertainties
Elicit student input into
classroom rules
Make sure success experience
Be available and visible
Be in charge
Be consistent
Establish good rapport with
students

Emphasizing Instruction and Positive Classroom Climate

Early Childhood :
We create positive classrooms for our preschoolers by frequently praising children,
speaking with clam voices, following daily schedules, and setting clear rules that
are expected to be followed
Missy Dangler, Suburban Hills Schools

Elementary School : Grade K-5


To create a positive classroom for my second-graders, I have a banner stretched across one
of the walls of my classroom that reads: This Is a Positive Learning Area; this statement is
a foundation for everything I do. On the 1 st day off class, I tell the students that they will
learn from me, learn from each other, and I will learn from them. I work with them to
establish our classroom as a community of learners in order to build feelings of trust,
respect, and understanding. With these values in place, academic learning can begin.
Elizabeth Francella, Clinton Elementary School

Management Goals and Strategies


Goals :
1.

2.

Helps students spend


more time on learning
and less time on nongoal-directed activity
Prevent students from
developing academic and
emotional problems

Strategies for
increasing academic
learning time:
1.
2.
3.

Maintain activity flow


Minimize transition time
Hold students
accountable

Designing The Physical Environment


Principles of Classroom
Arrangement :
1. Reduce congestion in
high-traffic areas
2. Make sure that you can
easily see all students
3. Make often-used teaching
materials and student
supplies easily accessible
4. Make sure that students
can easily observe wholeclass presentation

Arrangement Style
Standard Classroom Arrangement :
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Auditorium style all students sit facing the teacher


Face-to-face style students sit facing each other
Offset style small numbers of students (3 - 4) sit at tables
but do not sit directly across from one another
Seminar style large numbers of students (10 or more) sit in
circular, square, or U-shaped arrangements
Cluster style small numbers of students (4 8) work in
small, closely bunched group

Classroom Arrangement
Auditorium

Face to face

Offset

Seminar

Cluster

Rows of desk

Strategies for designing a Classroom Management


1.

2.
3.
4.
5

Consider what activities students will be engaging in


-> Kindergarten / elementary :
setting for reading out loud, small-group reading
instruction, sharing time, group math instruction, art and
craft
Draw up floor plan
Involve students in planning the classroom layout
Try out the arrangement and be flexible in redesigning it
As you get to know your students, consider student
placement

Creating Positive Environment For Learning


General Strategies :

Authoritative classroom management style


Authoritarian classroom management style
Permissive classroom management style

Strategies for Being an Effective Classroom Manager

Characteristics of
effective classroom
managers are that
they:
1.
2.
3.
4.

Show they are with it


Cope effectively with
overlapping situation
Maintain smoothness and
continuity in lessons
Engage students in a
variety of challenging

Rules and Procedures


Rules

Focus on general /
specific expectation or
standard for behavior
Tend not to change

Procedures

Are applied to
specific activity
Accomplish
something instead
of prohibiting a
behavior or defining
a general standard
Tend to change

Strategies for Establishing Classroom Rules and Procedures

Rules and procedures


should be
Reasonable

and necessary
Clear and comprehensible
Consistent with
instructional and learning
goals
Consistent with school
rules
Evaluate whether to let
students participate in

Getting Students to Cooperate


Three main strategies :
1.
2.
3.

Develop a positive relationship with students


Get students to share and assume responsibility
Reward appropriate behavior
Choose effective reinforcement
Use prompts and shaping effectively
Use reward to provide information about mastery, not
to control students behavior

Strategies for Guiding Students to Share and Assume Responsibility

Involve

students in planning and implementation of


school and classroom initiatives
Encourage students to judge their own behavior
Dont accept excuses
Let students participate in decision making by holding
class meetings

Classroom management and diversity


Engaging in such culturally responsive teaching and
demonstrating sensitivity to cultural and socioeconomic
variations in students can help teachers to reduce discipline
problem in their classroom
(Gollnick & Chin, 2009)

Amsal 22:6
"Didiklah orang muda menurut jalan yang patut baginya, maka
pada masa tuanyapun ia tidak akan menyimpang dari pada
jalan itu.
Ibrani 12:11
Memang tiap-tiap ganjaran pada waktu ia diberikan tidak
mendatangkan sukacita, tetapi dukacita. Tetapi kemudian ia
menghasilkan buah kebenaran yang memberikan damai kepada
mereka yang dilatih olehnya
Bagaimana orang kristen seharusnya mendisiplinkan anak.

Bible say about being positive


Ephesians 4:29
Let no corrupting talk come out of your mouths, but only
such as is good for building up, as fits the occasion, that it
may give grace to those who hear.
1 Timothy 4:12
Let no one despise you for your youth, but set the believers
an example in speech, in conduct, in love, in faith, in purity.

bible say about rules


Romans 13:1
Let every person be subject to the governing authorities.
For there is no authority except from God, and those that
exist have been instituted by God.
2 Timothy 3:16-17
All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for
teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in
righteousness, that the man of God may be competent,
equipped for every good work.