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Rodel D. Lasco
World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF)
Extent of Forest Cover Loss for the last 100 years
2 Source: Dolom, 2006;RDLasco from Environmental Science for Social Change, 1999 Adapted
Denuded areas= 62% (ca 10 M ha) Farms, grasslands, brushlands
( our e: asco and Pul in, ; FMB,
Upland farms 34%
Plantations 3% Brushlands 15%
¨ ¦ §§
over i trib tion in t e P illi
ines (tot l rea= 5. M a)
Protection forest 17%
Secondary forest 18%
Far s, grass, br s ca 10 M ha
10 M people depend on the uplands
More than 100 years of reforestation
Annual Rate Deforestation and Reforestation
Def rest t (1971-1997)
Ref rest t (1960-2002)
10 million of uplands/watersheds providing environmental services (water, biodiversity, climate regulation, EBA) 10 million hectares of productive lands (eg upland rice/food security; wood) 10 million farmers with rising income joining the mainstream economy 10 million farmers resilient to climate risks
But how can this be a reality?
New paradigms and approaches needed More holistic approaches landscapes, livelihoods Uplands not as forest lands but as landscapes with multiple functions Institutional collaboration between DENR, DA, DAR, etc
Do we have the tools?
New tools and approaches have emerged
Tree Far s
Payments for environmental services
Environmental ervices (ES)
Watershed Protection iodiversit Protection Carbon Sequestration Landscape Beaut
Sustainable farming practices Protection of natural resources Rehabilitation of degraded areas
Public Provision Assistance b IA,NGO,PO Payments by ES Beneficiaries
Source: Francisco, 2005
BIOMASS IS ABOUT 50% CAR BY WEIGHT
US$ 5 per ton C
VALUE ADDING ACTIVITY
DENR Farmers Farmers/SCU DBP DENR/DA Seed suppliers
Securing Land Tenure
The ReV Chain
Farmers/SCU DBP DENR/DA Nurseries Farmers/SCU DBP DENR/DA
Conventional refo project
Tree planting and maintenance
Logs, fuel, pulp, etc.
Farmers/SCUs Private sector Banks
Farmers/ SCUs Private sector Banks
Wood products E-services
Tools in the works .
Much remains to be done Governance issues are a huge challenge But we have to start now!
At what scale?