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TRAINING

A method that increases and refines


a persons knowledge, skills or
abilities (KSAs) to better perform a
particular tasks.

HUMAN RESOURCE
MANAGEMENT

Needs Analysis/Assessment
-Organizational Analysis
-Job/Occupational/Task Analysis
-Employee/Individual/Person Analysis
Design/Development
-Learning styles
-Training styles
Delivery/Implementation

Evaluation

DEVELOPMENT

Viewed as a continuous process of


improving and acquiring ne KSAs for
personal and professional growth

Classical Antiquity : On-The-Job Training


Called direct instruction

HISTORY OF TRAINING AND


DEVELOPMENT

The Middle Ages: Apprenticeship


essentially a program of training
beginners in the skilled trades, and
that by an all-round skilled trade is
meant one that takes at least two
years to learn.
Apprentices usually lived with the
master and received practically no
pay, except maintenance and training

HISTORY OF TRAINING AND


DEVELOPMENT

Industrial Revolution: The Classroom

In the 1800s factory schools were


created

Classrooms by that time had


become the customary places of
education, and were simply
recreated in the factories, with
the classroom subjects being how
to do the tasks required in the
factory.

HISTORY OF TRAINING AND


DEVELOPMENT

Vestibule Training
A method of training was
developed around 1900.
A classroom or training room
which worker are being
trained.

HISTORY OF TRAINING AND


DEVELOPMENT

During World War I: Systematic Training


proposed for on-the-job training
In 1917, Charles R. Allen developed a way of
training which involved four steps: 1) SHOW
or prepare, 2) TELL or present, 3) DO or
apply, and 4) CHECK or inspect.
Several principles of training instruction
were developed.

HISTORY OF TRAINING AND


DEVELOPMENT

They were:

Training should be done within industry


by supervisors who should be trained
how to teach.

Training should be done in groups of


nine to eleven workers.

The job should be analyzed before


training.

Break-in time is reduced when training


is done on the job.

When given personal attention in


training, the worker develops a feeling
of loyalty

HISTORY OF TRAINING AND


DEVELOPMENT

During World War II: Job Instruction


Training
A flexible and useful primarily in
teaching manipulative skills. There
were four steps to this method:
First, prepare the learner.
Second, give a step-by-step
presentation of the job.
Third, do the performance tryout.
Fourth, follow-up. Inspect the work
regularly.

HISTORY OF TRAINING AND


DEVELOPMENT

After World War II: Individualized Instruction


Individualized instruction in essence
replaces the teacher with systematic or
programmed materials
Upon the concept of job analysis and the
behaviorism of B.F. Skinner was created
the concept of individualized automated
instruction

HISTORY OF TRAINING AND


DEVELOPMENT

The End of 20th Century : Job


Support
Job support is a form of training
that does not require the worker
to learn, but simply to know where
to find the changing information
they need

HISTORY OF TRAINING AND


DEVELOPMENT

Computer based training


-an interactive learning experience
between a learner and a computer in
which the computer provides the majority
of the stimulus, the learner must respond,
and the computer analyzes the response
and provides feedback to the learner"

MODERN TYPES OF INDIVIDUALIZED


INSTRUCTION

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