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CH 9 - Creating a Positive

Learning Environment

Creating Positive Learning


Environments
Helps students feel safe and secure
Enables students to take health risks
Creates more opportunities for student

learning
Assists with positive personal
development

Harassment
Verbal: teasing, name-calling,

threatening, and taunting


Relationship assaults: gossip, destroying
relationships, and exclusion from social
interactions
Physical assaults: hitting, kicking,
shoving, and weapons use

Harassment (Cont.)
All aspects of harassment have existed

among youth for generations

Your Turn
Think back to when you were in

elementary, middle, or high school.


Based on the previous definitions of
harassment, do you remember
harassing, being harassed, or watching
someone be harassed?
What do you recall?
How did it make you feel?

Youth Risk Behavior


Surveillance Survey (1999)
The YRBSS sampled thousands of
students in grades 9-12. Their report is
located:
www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/
ss4905a1.htm
.

Findings from YRBSS


The second leading cause of death

among youth today remains homicide


(18.6%).
More youth today feel unsafe about
coming to and staying at school than
youth from decades ago.
Approximately 5.2% of youth surveyed
missed school at some point during the
1999 school year because they felt that
their safety was threatened.

Verbal Harassment:
Words Do Hurt
Verbal harassment may have the following
consequences:
May leave deep emotional scars on our
young people.
May lead to physical violence.
May negatively affect the recipients selfesteem and self-image

Reasons for Verbal and


Physical Harassment
Bias
Prejudice
Hatred
Jealousy
Fear
Ignorance

What is Positive Discipline?


Discipline means the training necessary

to produce or establish a specific pattern


of behavior, especially training that
produces moral or mental improvement.
Positive discipline works to create an
inclusive environment where students
want to come to learn and participate.
Positive discipline emphasizes teachers
catching students doing things well or
correctly.

Negative Discipline
Negative discipline is grounded in

reactive behaviors on the part of the


teacher.
The emphasis is on catching students
doing something wrong.

Your Turn
Recall your physical education
experiences.
How did your teachers discipline
students?
What were the benefits and limitations of
these approaches?

The Art of Positive Discipline


Establish clear rules about classroom

routines, student behavior, and learning


protocols.
Establish clear consequences for
breaking rules.
Never use exercise as punishment or
tactics that instill fear or humiliation in
students

What are your rules?


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

What are your


protocols/procedures
Locker room?
Students not dressing out?
Roll call?
Warm-ups?
Getting equipment?
Fire drill?
Others. . .

How will you convey that


information
To the students?
To parents?
To the administration?

Establishing Positive Discipline


in Your Classes
Examine personal biases and

assumptions about students.


Self-fulfilling prophecy cycle
Use inclusive language.

Establishing Positive Discipline


in Your Classes (Cont.)
Use equitable language
Monitor appropriateness of student

language.
Interrupt ALL forms of harassment.
Pay attention to the physical
environment.

Be Aware of Everything DO
NOT TURN YOUR BACK

Be Aware of Everything DO
NOT TURN YOUR BACK

Teaching strategies for positive


discipline
Help students get to know you and one

another.
Establish ground rules for the class.
Post ground rules in the gymnasium or
locker rooms.
Determine consequences for poor
behavior and post these as well.

What are your consequences?


They should be in a hierarchy
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Teachers with Effective


Discipline are proactive
Dos

Donts

Be assertive

Be aggressive

Act

React

Be consistent

Be inconsistent

Communicate clearly

Be vague

Set realistic goals

Set unrealistic goals

Treat students with

Nag, threaten

courtesy

Teachers with Effective


Discipline (Cont.)
Dos

Donts

Convey interest &

Be disinterested and

enthusiasm
Maintain composure

bored
Lose temper

Teachers with Effective


Discipline (Cont.)
Are good planners-Meet students at the door
-Teach students their rules
Are good managers-can see all students at all times
-have equipment readily accessible
Have high traffic areas free of congestion

Developing social skills


Stating clear rules and consequences

does not guarantee good behavior.


The purpose of developing social skills is
to teach students how to behave
positively with one another and how to
cooperate.
Include social concepts such as trust,
respect, honesty, trustworthiness,
responsibility, cooperation, and integrity.