‡ Nature is full of magic materials. ‡ Smart materials can sense, stimulate, process and
actuate a response. ‡ the properties can be easily altered.

Shape memory alloys (SMA¶s):‡ Metals which exhibit 2 unique properties: (1) Pseudo-elasticity. (2) Shape Memory Effect.

Working of SMA·s: 

The properties are due to the solid state phase change. There are two phases:(1) Marten site and (2) Austenite.

‡ Marten site is relatively soft and exist at low temp·s ‡ The molecular structure is as below:

Austenite is the stronger phase, occurs at high temp·s. Cubic structure.

Shape Memory Effect: The un-deformed marten site and the 

austenite have same size and shape. Shape memory effect is absorbed when it is cooled down to less than Mf.

Pseudo Elasticity: 

It occurs in the alloys which completely consists of Austenite. It occurs without a change in temperature. Applications of pseudo elasticity: (1) eyeglass frames. (2) orthodontic arches.

Applications of shape memory alloys:alloys:- 

In air craft maneuverability. 

In Robotic muscles:

Points of consideration:(1) (2) (3)

The method of controlling movement with the limb. Emulating real human movements. The gripping force required to hold any object.

Creating human motion using SMA wires is a complex task. The wire is heated by passing the current through it. 

In Bone plates:

advantages of sma:sma:  BioBio-compact ability Good Mechanical properties.

disdis-advantages of sma:sma:  These alloys are expensive. poor fatigue properties

Conclusion:Conclusion:The SMA·s have a major say in the field of precision engineering. These play a vital role in the surgical operations. These act as best alternatives in the field of manufacturing.




Material Science and Manufacturing by M.Moallem. Material Science and Engineering by K.M.Guptha, Umesh Publications. Elements of Material Science and Engineering by Van vik / Adison Wesley.

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