presenter

:

€ To

highlight how a car st works

ring syst m

€ Discuss

the two most common ty es of steering systems:
‡ Rack-and-Pinion Steering ‡ Recirculating Ball Steering

€ Power

steering systems

€ For

a car to turn smoothly, each wheel must follow a different cycle. the inside wheel is following a circle with a smaller radius, it is actually making a tighter turn than the outside wheel.

€ Since

There are a couple different types of steering gears. The most common are and .

€ It

is quickly becoming the most common type of steering on cars, small trucks and SUV¶s. is a simple mechanism.

€ It

Rack-and-Pinion gearset is enclosed in a metal tube, with each end of the rack protruding from the tube. € A rod called a connects to each end of the rack.
€A

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Rack-and-Pinion gearset does two things:
‡ It converts the rotational

motion of the steering wheel into the linear motion needed to turn the wheels.
‡ It provides a gear

reduction, making it easier to turn the wheels.

€

When Rack-and-Pinion is in a power steering system, the rack has a slightly different design. Part of the rack contains a cylinder with a piston in the middle. The piston is connected to the rack and there are two fluid ports, one on the either side of the piston. Supplying high-pressure fluid to one side of the piston forces the piston to move, which in turn moves the rack.

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€ Recirculating

Ball Steering is used on many trucks and SUV¶s today.

€ The

linkage that turns the wheels is slightly different than on a Rack-and-Pinion method.

€ €

€ €

Recirculating Ball Steering gear contains a worm gear. The steering wheel connects to a threaded rod, similar to a bolt, that sticks into the hole in the block. When the steering wheel turns, it turns the bolt. The bolt is held fixed so that when it spins, it moves the block, which moves the gear that turns the wheels.

€ There

are a couple of key components in power steering in addition to the Rackand-Pinion or Recirculating Ball mechanism
‡ Pump ‡ Rotary valve

€ The

hydraulic power for the steering is provided by a rotary-vane Pump. € This pump is driven by the car¶s engine via a belt and pulley. € It contains a set of retractable vanes that spin inside an oval chamber.

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€ €

A power steering system should assist the driver only when he is exerting force on the steering wheel. The device that senses the force on the steering wheel is called the Rotary Valve. The key to the rotary valve is the Torsion Bar. The Torsion Bar is a thin rod of metal that twists when torque is applied to it.