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Pharmacy

Jurisprudence and Ethics

Disclaimer
I am speaking today in my individual
capacity and not as an employee of any
college or organization. The information
printed here should not be construed as an
official explanation or interpretation

Objectives
To understand why
technicians need to know,
and understand the
legislation and ethics.
To outline what laws;
Federal & Provincial and
ACP Standards are
important
To show where to find the
information
To identify who needs to
know jurisprudence and
ethics
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Why?

Why?

What?

Acts
Regulations
Schedules
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Pharmacy Legislative
Framework

Federal
Legislation

Provincial
Legislation

Regulatory
Bodies (ACP)
Standards of
Practice
&
Code of Ethics

Federal Legislation
Food and Drug Act
Food and Drug Regulations
Schedule F-Part I & II

Controlled Drugs and Substances Act


(CDSA)
Narcotic Control Regulations
Schedule G Regulations
Precursor Control Regulations
Benzodiazepines and other targeted
substances regulations
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Prescription Requirements
Category
Narcotics, Narcotic preparations, Controlled Drugs or preparations, benzodiazepines
& Schedule F

Prescription Transmission
Written or Verbal

Refills
Permitted or Not
Is an time interval required
Part fills (Narcotics)

Transfers
Filing
Orders
Electronically, Written, Faxed or Verbally over the phone

Documentation
Recording receipt or sale

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Provincial Legislation
The Health Professions Act
Pharmacists Profession Regulation
The Pharmacy and Drug Act
Pharmacy and Drug Regulation

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Provincial Legislation
Health Profession Act
Self regulation
Restricted activities
Transparency to the public
Mandatory registration
Continuing competence
Disciplinary process

Pharmacists Profession Regulation


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Provincial Legislation
The Pharmacy and Drug Act
Pharmacy and Drug Regulations

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Alberta Drug Scheduling


Schedule 1
Prescription required, includes all federally scheduled
drugs and those specific to Alberta

Schedule 2
No prescription required, no public access,
information must be recorded

Schedule 3
No prescription, self-selection, only sold in pharmacy,
lock and leave

Unscheduled
No prescription required, not restricted to
pharmacies
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Triplicate Program
A provincial program established to
reduce the misuse of certain
prescription drugs
Prescriptions for these drugs can not
be written on a regular prescription
pad, only on a triplicate prescription
Must be taken to a pharmacy with 72
hours
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Regulatory Bodies and


Organizations (ACP)
Standards for Pharmacist Practice
Standards for Operating Licensed
Pharmacies
Code of Ethics

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Standards for Pharmacist


Practice

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Standards for Operating Licensed


Pharmacies

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Pharmacy Code of Ethics

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Privacy Legislation
Consent
Express consent
Implied consent

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Federal Privacy Legislation


Personal Information Protection
and Electronic Documents Act
(PIPEDA)

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Provincial Privacy
Legislation
Health Information Act (HIA)
Personal Information Protection Act
(PIPA)
Freedom of Information and
Protection of Privacy Act (FOIP)

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Health Information Act


Applies to custodians and their
affiliates who collect, use and
disclose health information in the
publicly funded health care system
Custodian
Affiliates
Controlled Arena

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Scenarios
Mrs. Smith wants her prescription
delivered
Employee of the pharmacy
Delivery service
Taxi

Mrs. Smith wants a printout of the


prescription receipts for her family.
Husband
Teenage daughter 17 years old
7 year old son
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Scenarios
Dentist
Jim has a prescription that needs clarification.
His private insurance plan pays for dental work
Jim has another appointment for his wisdom
teeth to be removed and the dentist needs his
current medication list.

WCB
WCB calls and wants information on the
prescriptions a client is taking and what they
are indicated for.
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Where?
Alberta College of Pharmacists at
https://pharmacists.ab.ca

National Association of Pharmacy


Regulatory Authorities (NAPRA) at
http://napra.ca

Government of Canada WebsiteDepartment of Justice


http://laws.justice.gc.ca
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Health Professions Act


Pharmacy technicians will be a new
regulated profession under the
Health Professions Act
Requires that professionals are
competent and can safely perform
restricted activities

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References
Alberta College of Pharmacists. (2007). Code of Ethics. Retrieved June 12, 2010
from https://pharmacists.ab.ca/Content_Files/Files/CodeofEthics_Poster.pdf
Alberta College of Pharmacists. (2010). Prescription Regulations. Retrieved June
13,2010 from https://pharmacists.ab.ca/Content_Files/Files/prescriptionregulations-2010r.pdf
Alberta College of Pharmacists. (2007). Standards of pharmacist practice.
Retrieved June 12, 2010 from
https://pharmacists.ab.ca/Content_Files/Files/HPA_Standards_FINAL.pdf
Alberta College of Pharmacists. (2007). Standards for operating licensed
pharmacies. Retrieved June 12, 2010 from
https://pharmacists.ab.ca/Content_Files/Files/PDA_Standards_FINAL.pdf
Alberta College of Pharmacists. (2007). Understanding Alberta's drug
schedules. Retrieved June 12, 2010 from
https://pharmacists.ab.ca/Downloads/documentloader.ashx?id=5900
The Transition Times. (Spring 2010). Welcoming a new healthcare profession.
Retrieved June 12, 2010 from
https://pharmacists.ab.ca/Content_Files/Files/TransitionTimes.pdf

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