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column will operate at 60 º and 2.2 atm pressure. At this temperature and pressure the oil can be considered nonvolatile and the air is insoluble in the oil. The inlet liquid flows at 100 moles per hour (total flow rate) and is 20 mole % Q and 80 mpl % heavy oil. We wish to reduce the concentration of Q in the oil to 1 mole % Q. the inlet air steam contain no Q and flows at 1000 m oles per hour.Equilibrium data at 60 degrees and 2.2 atm have been obtained is the laboratory and can be expressed as mole fraction Q in vapor = 1.5 mole fraction Q in liquid. Find the outlet gas composition and the number of equilibrium stages required for this operation.

**Required: Composition of the outlet gas Number of equilibrium Stages Solution:
**

Ln+1= 100 mols/hr Xn+1= 0.2

N

Vn Yn= ?

T= 60° C P= 2.2 Atm

X1= 0.01 L1

Vo= 100 mols/hr

1

Yo= 0

Bottom Coordinate Y1= 100-(0.99*100) Y1= 1 / 99 = 0.01 Yo = 0 / 100 Yo = 0

Top Coordinate: Xn+1= (0.2)(100) / (0.8)(100) Xn+1= 0.25 Yn = L¶/V¶ (Xn+1 - X1) + Yo Yn = 80/100 (0.25 ± 0.01) + 0.01 Yn = 0.192

Bottom Coordinate: (0, 0.01) Top Coordinate: (0.25, 0.192) Equilibrium Line: y = 1.5 x x 0 0.15 X= x/(x-1) 0 0.176 y=1.5x 0 0.225 Y= y/(1-y) 0 0.29

Equilibrium Line Coordinate: (0.176, 0.29)

0.4 0.35 0.3

(0.176,0.29)

0.25 0.2

y

Equilibrium Line 1 (0.25,0.192)

0.15 0.1 0.05

5 0 (0,0) 4 3 (0.01,0) 2 Operating Line N = 4.20

0.05

0.1

0.15

0.2

X

0.25

0.3

0.35

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