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Data for n-butanol on Columbia JCX 4/6 carbon are as
follows:
U0= 58 cm/s Dp= 0.37 cm
C0= 365 ppm S= 1194 m2/g
T=25ºC sb= 0.461 g/cm3
P= 737 mm Hg = 0.457
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R The concentration profiles are plotted and extended to
C/Cxo= 1, assuming the curves are symmetrical about
C/Co= 0.5.

  
   





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cm 365 x 10-6 273 737 mol


= 58 x x x 74.12 g/mol
s 22400 298 76 cm3

  

The total solute adsorbed is the area above the graph


multiplied by FA. For the 8-cm bed, the area is


8.5
(1- C/Co) dt = 4.79 h
0
The mass of carbon per unmit cross-sectional areaof bed
is 8 x 0.461 = 3.69 g/cm2. Thus,

0.224 x 4.798
Wsat =
3.69

   !

At the breakpoint, where C/Co= 0.05, t=2.4 h

 2.4
(1- C/Co) dt = 2.37 h
0
The amount adsorbed up to the break point is then

0.224 x 2.37
Wb =
3.69
    !

Wb 0.144
=
Wsat 0.291
 

Thus 50% of the bed capacity is unused, which can be


represented by a length of 4 cm.
For the entire bed,
13
0 (1- C/Co) dt = 9.59 h

0.224 x 9.59
Wsat =
16 x 0.461

   !

At C/Co=0.05, t=7.1 h, and


7.1
 0
(1- C/Co) dt = 7.07 h
0.224 x 7.07
Wb =
16 x 0.461

   !

Wb 0.215
= = 0.739
Wsat 0.291

At the break point, 74% of the bed capacity is used,


which corresponds to an unused section of length 0.26 x
16 = 4.2 cm.
R For L= 31 cm, the expected length for a fully used
bed is 32 Ƌ 4.1= 27.9 cm.The fraction of the bed used is
Wb 27.9
=
Wsat 32
#"

The break point time is


L(Wb/Wsat) sb Wsat 27.9 x 0.461 x 0.291
Tb = =
FA 0.224

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