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HO CHI MINH CITY UNIVERSITY of

TECHNOLOGY
WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS PROJECT

ANTENNA INSTALLATION ENGINEERING

Gio vin hng dn:


H Hong Kha
Hc vin thc hin:
Nguyn H B Hi
Nguyn Phm Vit Nh
1

Radio Network Overview


EPS Architecture
Core
Network

Other
management
systems

lu
RNC
Hub RBS
or RXI

Radio
Access
Network

lur

Network
Management
Environment

OSS-RC

Mur
Mut

Mun

TEMS

Mub
lub

OSS-RC: Operations Support System


Radio & Core

RBS

User Equipment

25-Oct-13

WIRELESS

RADIO BASE STATION

25-Oct-13

WIRELESS

AN RBS FOR EVERY APPLICATION


RBS 6201

RBS
6301

RBS 6101

RBS
6601

RBS
6302
RBS
6202

25-Oct-13

WIRELESS

RBS
6102

Different Cell Structures

RBS with one omnidirectional antenna


covering 360o

RBS with three antennas


each covering one sector,
(120o) longer range

120o

Depending on RBS-type we can have up to 6 sectors in a cell


25-Oct-13

WIRELESS

ANTENNA SYSTEM DIAGRAM


Sector
` `
A

Existing
GSM Antenna
1800Mhz

Sector
B

` `

Existing
GSM Antenna
1800Mhz

Sector
C

` `

Existing
GSM Antenna
1800Mhz

Jumper Cable

Jumper Cable

Jumper Cable

Feeder Cable
7/8 or 1 5/8

Feeder Cable
7/8 or 1 5/8

Feeder Cable
7/8 or 1 5/8

Jumper Cable

Jumper Cable

Jumper Cable

Jumper Cable

Jumper Cable
Jumper
Cable

RBS6201 (V2)
25-Oct-13

WIRELESS

ANTENNA SYSTEM DIAGRAM (with EHCU)


Sector
A

Existing
GSM Antenna
1800Mhz

Sector
B

Existing
GSM Antenna
1800Mhz

Sector
C

Existing
GSM Antenna
1800Mhz

Jumper Cable

Jumper Cable

Jumper Cable

Feeder Cable
7/8 or 1 5/8

Re-used
existing
Feeder Cable
7/8 or 1 5/8

Feeder Cable
7/8 or 1 5/8

Jumper Cable

Jumper Cable

Jumper Cable

EHCU

EHCU

EHCU

Jumper Cable

Jumper Cable
Jumper
Cable

RBS6201 (V2)
25-Oct-13

WIRELESS

MU-RRU AND ANTENNA CONNECTIONS


Sector 1

Sector 2

ANT 1

FILTER 1

Sector 3
ANT 2

FILTER 2

FILTER 3

Jumper Cables

RRU 1

RET Cable

ANT 3

Jumper Cables

RRU 2

RET Cable

Jumper Cables

RRU 3

RET Cable

OIL 1,2,3
MU

25-Oct-13

WIRELESS

GENERAL ANTENNA

3
25-Oct-13

WIRELESS

1. Antenna
2. Down tilt kit
3. Mounting for F Panel
4. Clamp for F Panel

GENERAL ANTENNA
Antenna Dimensions

25-Oct-13

WIRELESS

10

GENERAL ANTENNA
Antennas mounted according to Standard Procedures and Site Specific
Documents
M - Tilt : Mechanical Down Tilt.

25-Oct-13

WIRELESS

11

GENERAL ANTENNA
E - Tilt : Electrical Down Tilt.

Electrical tilting angle checked according to Final Site


Configuration
25-Oct-13
WIRELESS

12

Remote Electrical Tilt - RET

RET system is designed to meet the high requirements


for reliability, flexibility and efficiency in remote control
of tower-mounted telecommunication equipment.
Optimize network in real time, saving time and costly
site visits.
Respond quickly to changing traffic needs.
Experience higher tilt possibility compared to
mechanical tilt.
Reduces human error with accurate mechanical
control.
No specialized manpower or equipment needed.
Ideal for isolated or difficult-to-access sites.

25-Oct-13

WIRELESS

13

Single Band RET Connections


Sector 1

Sector 2

ANT 1

Sector 3
ANT 2

FILTER 1

FILTER 2

FILTER 3

Jumper Cables

RET Cable

RRU 1

ANT 3

Jumper Cables

RRU 2

RET Cable

Jumper Cables

RRU 3

RET Cable

OIL 1,2,3
MU

25-Oct-13

(I): ALD Control Interface


2 x 8 pin connector according IEC
60130-9, female/male

WIRELESS

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Kathreins Remote Electrical Tilt

25-Oct-13

WIRELESS

15

Attaching Single Band RET

25-Oct-13

WIRELESS

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Attaching Triple Band RET

25-Oct-13

WIRELESS

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External Hybrid Combiner Unit (ECHU)

ECHU is designed for high power combining


and distribution.

When the need for traffic capacity grows, the


EHCU allows a doubling of the number of
carriers without adding antennas or antenna
feeders. Hardware as well as installation and
site fee costs can therefore be kept at a
minimum.

The EHCU can also be used for in-building


distributed antenna systems.

25-Oct-13

WIRELESS

18

External Hybrid Combiner Unit (ECHU)

25-Oct-13

WIRELESS

19

Tower-Mounted Amplifier (TMA)

The Tower-Mounted Amplifier (TMA) filters and amplifies


Radio Frequency (RF) signals received by the antenna
before being sent to the RBS.
Transmission (TX) signals from the RBS are filtered but
not amplified before being sent to the antenna.

25-Oct-13

WIRELESS

20

Tower-Mounted Amplifier (TMA)

25-Oct-13

WIRELESS

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Tower-Mounted Amplifier (TMA)

25-Oct-13

WIRELESS

22

Repeater Solution

With the ever increasing focus of cost vs returns in wireless networks,


repeaters (cell extenders) offer a cost effective solution to operators to
provide coverage at a fraction of standard BTS site costs. Repeaters are
ideal in scenarios where coverage is the prime objective.
These repeaters are ideally suited for use as a Gap-Filler to optimise
network coverage.

25-Oct-13

WIRELESS

23

Repeater Solution
Main X
ant X
X

X Repeater
X
ant
X

Tower equipment
Tapper connected
directly to surge at
feeder

Floor equipment

Tapper

AVITEC

REP
Flexi
BTS

Donor 1

Link

Only 1 feed is shown for the example


25-Oct-13

WIRELESS

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Repeater Solution

RRUS

Main X
ant X
X

X Repeater
X
ant
X

OIL & DC
Tapper
Tower equipment
Floor equipment
RBS
6601

REP
Donor 1

Link

Only 1 feed is shown for the example


25-Oct-13

WIRELESS

25

Repeater Setup
Tappers

Repeater

Power Donor 1 & 2 - Link


25-Oct-13

WIRELESS

26

Repeater Solution

B
C

A
Repeat
Antenna

25-Oct-13

WIRELESS

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Repeater Solution

25-Oct-13

WIRELESS

28

Antenna Beam
o

33

33

90

25-Oct-13

WIRELESS

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H-Beam = 330
25-Oct-13

WIRELESS

30

H-Beam = 900
25-Oct-13

WIRELESS

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Smart Radio Concept SRC


4 Way Receiver Diversity

The SRC solution is to cover large rural areas with low capacity
coverage therefore cutting costs of building new sites to complete
the RF plan.

25-Oct-13

WIRELESS

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25-Oct-13

WIRELESS

33

2trx 60W - 4 way Rx Div 2 Ant

XXXX

XXXX

* note: Max output power for a


single RRU trx is currently 60W
Tx/Rx

Rx

Tx/Rx

Rx

RRUS

RRUS

60W
Trx #1

60W
Trx #2

25-Oct-13

WIRELESS

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4trx 60W - 4 way Rx Div 4 Ant

Tx/Rx

Rx

Tx/Rx

XXXX

Rx

XXXX

XXXX

XXXX
Tx/Rx

Rx

Tx/Rx

Rx

RRUS

RRUS

RRUS

RRUS

60W
Trx #1

60W
Trx #2

60W
Trx #3

60W
Trx #4

25-Oct-13

WIRELESS

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IN - BUILDING

25-Oct-13

WIRELESS

36

IN - BUILDING

25-Oct-13

WIRELESS

37

IN - BUILDING

25-Oct-13

WIRELESS

38

DAS
C

DAS A

DAS DAS DAS

DAS A

In-Building Solution
DAS

DAS

38.5

42

37.5

HC

37.5

37.8

38.2

MCM

uLAB

44

A
B
D

43

D
U
G

R
U
S

R
U
S

D
U
G

R
U
S

R
U
S
TM

43

R
U
S

R
U
S

RUS 80W

RUS TM
80W

R
U
S

R
U
S

RUS 80W

TM
TM

NSN Ultrasite 3+3+8+3

25-Oct-13

WIRELESS

RBS 6201 12+4+12+7

39

C
36.8

36.8

MCM
4
2

37.5

DAS 1

DAS 1

DAS

DAS 3

DAS

DAS 2

DAS

DAS 1

In-Building Solution

39.5

MCM

37.5
43

43

D
U
G

R
U
S

R
U
S

R
U
S

D
U
G

R
U
S

R
U
S

R
U
S

43

R
U
S

R
U
S

R
U
S

B
A

NSN Configuration 5+4+3


25-Oct-13
WIRELESS

TM
TM
TM
TM

RBS 6201 12+7+4

40

IN - BUILDING

25-Oct-13

WIRELESS

41

Metro Site

25-Oct-13

WIRELESS

42

Metro Site Antenna CS 72454.0

25-Oct-13

WIRELESS

43

Metro Site Antenna Kathrein 739 489

25-Oct-13

WIRELESS

44

Metro Site

25-Oct-13

WIRELESS

45

Problems of Technology

25-Oct-13

WIRELESS

46

NEW GENERATION

Technology + Natural

25-Oct-13

WIRELESS

47

25-Oct-13

WIRELESS

48

25-Oct-13

WIRELESS

49

Phi Phi Island, Krabi.

25-Oct-13

WIRELESS

50

Thank You & Questions

25-Oct-13

WIRELESS

51